Phytochemicals & a Healthy YouPhytochemical Name Food Source BenefitsAllicin Garlic or onions May lower serum cholesterol and and protect against cardiovascular disease.Capsaicin Hot peppers May reduce blood clotting.Carotenoids Carrots, Carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, May have anti-cancer benefits. potatoes, spinach, anti- kale, kale, etc.Flavinoids Blueberries, Blueberries, black raspberries, raspberries, May help to improve memory. and cranberriesIndoles Cruciferous vegetables Appear to block carcinogens from damaging DNA.IsothiocyanatesIsothiocyanates Cruciferous vegetables Inhibit enzymes that promote cancer activity.Lignans Whole grains and some seeds May help prevent cancers that (flax seeds) are estrogen positive from spreading or metastasizing.Limonene Citrus fruits May inhibit cancer growth.Lycopene Tomatoes, grapefruit, Tomatoes, pink grapefruit, May retard the growth of watermelon, guava, and papaya cancers, particularly prostate guava, cancer.Phenolic Acids Coffee and fruits May promote excretion of carcinogens.Phytic Acid Whole grain May inhibit free radical activity. activity.Phytosterols Soybeans May slow rate of some cancers.Resveratrol Grapes, peanuts, Grapes, peanuts, and red wine. wine. Inhibits cell growth and lowers risk of blood clotting.Saponions Legumes and vegetables May slow DNA replication which affects growth rate of cancer cancer cells.Tannins wine, Tea, wine, and legumes Can inhibit cancer activity.Vitamin C Vegetables and fruit May help lower the risk of oral, throat, larynx, and esophageal cancer.