Food for babys_1st_yr-eng
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  • 1. A rw yo p o al u IN er t ref st l o SI h gFood for D an er E: g at o ri r on orBaby’s First Year !This brochure contains general guidelines for feeding healthy babies. Talk with the nutritionist orhealth care provider for more information on feeding your baby.Feeding tips for your baby:Be Wise...Immunize• Babies need shots to protect them from disease.• Bring your baby’s shot record each time you come to WIC.WIC is an equal opportunity provider. DH 150-90, 10/10 Stock Number: 5730-090-0150-4
  • 2. Prevent Choking These foods should not be fed to your baby: • honey—This can cause food poisoning. Also, avoid foods madeYour baby should not be left alone when he/she is eating. with honey such as honey graham crackers.These foods can cause choking and should not be given to your baby: • corn syrup and other sweet syrups• popcorn, nuts, and seeds • candies, chocolate, cake, and pie• potato chips, corn chips, pretzels, and cheese curls • foods and drinks with artificial sweeteners• peanut butter • soda and sweetened drinks• hard cookies • all types of coffee and tea• raisins and other dried fruits • baby food desserts• raw vegetables such as carrots and celery • food with added spices, seasonings, salt, and fat such as french fries and breaded fried foods• marshmallows Do not feed home-prepared spinach, beets, turnips, carrots, or collards to babies under 6 months old.• round shaped candies, gum drops, and chewing gum These types of home-prepared vegetables may contain large amounts of nitrites or nitrates which• hard pieces of fruit, whole pieces of canned fruit, could make babies under 6 months of age sick. whole grapes, whole cherries, or fruits with pits or seeds• granola and plain wheat germ Wait until your baby is 1 year old to feed him/her these foods.• hot, sticky breads that can “ball up” and cause choking These foods may cause allergic reactions in babies:• fish, chicken, or turkey with bones • egg whites• hot dogs and sausages—These also should not be fed to babies because they are high in • shellfish such as shrimp, clams, crab, lobster, scallops, and oysters fat and salt. • whole cow’s milk (any type)• breaded fish sticks and “baby food” meat sticks—These foods are not intended for infants under 1 year of age. Health Advisory for Mercury in FishCut, grind, or mash hard-to-chew foods: Fish can be an important part of a balanced diet. However, some fish contain high levels of mercury. Too much mercury can harm unborn babies, infants, and young children. Therefore, infants should be fed fish according to these guidelines: • Cut round foods, like soft-cooked carrots, 1. Infants should not eat these fish with high mercury: Bass (Striped), Bluefish, Chilean Sea into short strips instead of coin-shaped Bass, Golden Snapper, Jack (Amberjack, Crevalle), King Mackerel, Marlin, Orange Roughy, Sea slices. Lamprey, Shark, Spanish Mackerel (Gulf of Mexico), Swordfish, Tilefish (Gulf of • Grind tough meat. Mexico), Tuna (all fresh or frozen), and Walleye (Great Lakes). • Mash or grind cooked beans, corn, and 2. Infants 8 to 12 months old should eat no more than 2 meals per week of a variety peas. of fish that are lower in mercury. Some of the most commonly eaten fish that are low in mercury are canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, and catfish. White albacore • Cut cheese chunks into very small, thin tuna is higher in mercury, therefore light tuna should be selected instead of white albacore tuna. pieces. 3. Check local advisories about the safety of fish caught by family and friends in local lakes, rivers, • Cut grapes and cherries into very small and coastal areas. Information about Florida Fish Consumption Advisories is available at this pieces and remove skin, seeds, or pits. website: www.doh.state.fl.us/FloridaFishAdvice.
  • 3. If you feed your baby with a bottle:Make sure everything is clean: This means hands, kitchen, and equipment. Sterilize new bottles andnipples before their first use. If you have chlorinated water, clean bottles in the dishwasher or by handwith warm, soapy water. Otherwise, boil nipples and bottles in water for 5 to 10 minutes.Formula preparation: Talk with your baby’s health care provider about the most appropriate waterfor your baby that is available in your area and whether that water should be sterilized before mixingwith infant formula. Follow the mixing instructions on the label or as given by your baby’s health careprovider. For information about water fluoridation, see the Florida Department of Health, Dental Healthwebsite at: www.doh.state.fl.us/Family/dental/fluoridation/index.html.To reduce the amount of lead in the water: Do not boil the water for longer than 2 minutes. Use onlycold tap water and let the cold water run for 2 minutes before using it. Do not use hot tap water.Warming baby’s bottle: The best way to warm a bottle of formula is toplace the bottle in a bowl of warm water for a few minutes, then shakethe bottle. Use a prepared bottle of formula immediately. Throw away anyformula left in the bottle after a feeding. Do not use a microwave oven toheat breastmilk or infant formula. The liquid heats unevenly, can get toohot, and can burn your baby’s mouth.Storing formula: Mixed formula that has never been heated may bestored in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours. Leftover, prepared formulathat has been warmed should be thrown out and not re-refrigerated for future use. Store ready-to-feedand concentrated liquid formula covered in the original can in the refrigerator. Use within 48 hours ofopening. Powdered formula, which is covered tightly with a lid, may be stored in a cool, dry place forup to 30 days.Always hold your baby: Do not put your baby to bed with a bottle or prop the bottle in your baby’smouth. Your baby could choke or could develop tooth decay.Baby Food Tips• Buy only single-ingredient jars of baby foods such as plain vegetables, fruits, and meats. These baby foods have a greater nutritional value when compared to baby food mixed dinners. Plain meats can be mixed with plain vegetables or fruits to make your own “mixed” dinners.• Plain fruits can be served instead of baby desser ts. Baby desser ts contain added sugars and starches, and are low in vitamins.• Feed your baby from a bowl, not from the jar. This way, the baby’s saliva on the spoon will not spoil the food left in the jar. Refrigerate any food left in the jar and use within 2 days; or 24 hours if it is meat or egg yolk. Any food left in the bowl should be thrown away.• Look at the “use-by” date on baby food jars and infant formula cans. “Use-by” dates are located on the top of baby food jars and on the top or bottom of formula cans. If the date has passed, do not buy or use the food or formula. Do not buy or use baby food jars if seal is broken. The seal is broken if the button on the center of the top is popped out. Do not buy or use cans of formula that have dents, pinched tops or bottoms, puffed ends, leaks, or rust spots. The formula in damaged cans may be unsafe for your baby.
  • 4. Food for Baby’s 6 to 8 Months 8 to 12 Months First Year Breastfed Babies • 4 to 6 or more breastfeedings per day Sample Daily Meal Plan for ages 6 to 8 months Breastfed Babies • 4 to 6 or more breastfeedings per day Sample Daily Meal Plan for ages 8 to 12 months Formula Fed Babies Early Morning Formula Fed Babies Early Morning Birth to 6 Months • 6 to 8 oz formula per feeding • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula • 6 to 8 oz formula per feeding • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula • 4 to 5 feedings per day • 4 to 5 feedings per day for ages 8-10 months • total of 27 to 32 oz of formula per day • 3 to 4 feedings per day for ages 10-12 months • Pediatricians recommend babies be If your baby is both breastfed and formula fed, Mid Morning Mid Morning • total of 24 to 32 oz of formula per day breastfed until at least 1 year of age In the United States, it is talk with the nutritionist or health care provider • 4 tablespoons prepared baby cereal • 4 to 8 tablespoons prepared cereal recommended that women about your baby’s feeding pattern. • 4 tablespoons pureed fruit or grits or older. with HIV or AIDS not breast- Baby Cereal • 4 tablespoons fruit • If you are thinking about giving feed as the virus can be • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day of infant formula (artificial baby milk) passed to their baby through Feed your baby only one new food per week. Noon Meal breastmilk. If you do not know prepared cereal to your breastfed baby, talk with the Then you can find out if your baby has a • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula Noon Meal your HIV status, please ask • 4 tablespoons pureed vegetables • Begin mixed grain baby cereal at about nutritionist or health care provider. problem with the new food. • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula your health care provider for 8 months. • 1 to 3 tablespoons pureed meat • 4 tablespoons vegetables • Babies who are not breastfed need an HIV test. Vegetables: peeled; soft-cooked or • 1 to 4 tablespoons meat iron-fortified infant formula until they Baby Cereal canned; and then ground, mashed, or are 1 year old. • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day of Mid Afternoon • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula chopped Mid Afternoon prepared cereal • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formulaBreastfed Babies • crackersBirth to 2 months: Pureed Vegetables Evening Meal Fruits: peeled; soft or soft-cooked or • soft cheese or yogurt • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day • 4 tablespoons pureed vegetables • 8 to 12 or more breastfeedings per day canned; and then ground, mashed, or • 1 to 3 tablespoons pureed meat2 to 4 months: • 4 tablespoons pureed fruit chopped Evening Meal Pureed Fruits • 8 to 10 or more breastfeedings per day • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day • 4 tablespoons vegetables • 4 to 8 tablespoons or more per day • 1 to 4 tablespoons meat 4 to 6 months: Before Bedtime • 4 tablespoons fruit • 6 to 8 or more breastfeedings per day • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula Meat or Meat Substitutes: cooked and Pureed Meats • grains such as noodles, rice, or • 4 tablespoons prepared baby cereal then ground, mashed, or chopped soft tortilla pieces • cooked lean meat, chicken or turkeyFormula Fed Babies • lean meat, chicken, turkey, • 1 to 6 tablespoons per day Note: More breastfeedings per day may be Birth to 1 month: fish* (no shellfish), dry beans, or needed, especially for younger babies. Before Bedtime • 2 to 3 oz formula per feeding egg yolk (yellow part of the egg only) Water • breastfeed or give 6 to 8 oz formula • 8 to 12 feedings per day • 1 to 6 tablespoons per day • Babies over 6 months old who are 1 to 4 months: eating a variety of foods may need to be *See Health Advisory for Mercury in Fish Note: More breastfeedings per day may be • 4 to 6 oz formula per feeding given about 4 to 8 oz of plain water per on the other side of this brochure. needed, especially for younger babies. • 6 to 8 feedings per day day. There may be times when your baby needs to be given more water. Check Making Your Own Baby Food4 to 6 months: Grains with your baby’s health care provider for Make your own baby food or buy it in • crackers, toast, noodles, rice, grits, and • 5 to 8 oz formula per feeding more information. jars at the grocery store. See the “Baby soft tortilla pieces • 5 to 6 feedings per day At 8 to 10 months, let your baby begin Food Tips” on the back of this brochure • 2 to 3 times per day Fruit Juice is not recommended for for information about buying baby food. to eat some foods with his/her fingers. To make pureed baby food: At 10 to 12 months, let your baby beginWater babies under 12 months of age. Yogurt and Soft Cheese to feed himself/herself with a spoon.Healthy babies under 6 months old 1. Prepare meats by removing the • small amountsdo not usually need to be given water bones, skin, and visible fat.bottles. Check with your baby’s health Baby Cereal 2. P r e p a r e f r e s h f r u i t s a n d Watercare provider for more information. How many tablespoons are in a jar of vegetables by scrubbing and peeling • 4 to 8 oz per day or as needed. See • Begin iron-for tified baby off the skin. Remove stems, pits, and baby food? information about water in the 6 to 8 cereal bet ween 4 and 6 seeds. Some fresh fruits, like bananas, months section. Check with your baby’s months. For babies who are and most canned fruits and vegetables health care provider for more information. only breastfed, wait until about don’t need to be cooked before 6 months. 5 tablespoons = pureeing. Buy canned foods that have • Start with rice baby cereal. no added sugar, syrup, or salt. Fruit Juice is not recommended for Mix dry cereal with breast- babies under 12 months of age. milk, infant formula, or water. 8 tablespoons = 3. Boil foods until soft, in just enough • Feed rice cereal for 1 week, water to cover foods. Allow to cool. then start oatmeal or barley Puree food in a food processor or cereal. Feed your baby only blender, adding small amounts of one new cereal each week. 12 tablespoons = cooking water until mixture is smooth At 8 to 10 months, most babies are At 10 to 12 months, most babies are • Feed 1 to 8 tablespoons and creamy. ready to begin to eat mashed or ready to begin to eat chopped foods. prepared cereal per day with ground foods. a spoon, not in a bottle or Most babies are ready to eat baby infant feeder.cereal when they can hold their • Wait until 8 months to start heads steady, sit with some support, mixed grain baby cereal.and take cereal off a spoon.