2. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededuTheGiftedKidsProgrammeThinking is about usingcreative, critical, andmetacognitive processes tomake sense of information,experiences, and ideas.Intellectual curiosity is at theheart of this competency.
3. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededu We would like youngsters, and indeed adults, to become alert andthoughtful when they hear an unlikely rumour, face a tricky problem ofplanning their time, have a dispute with a friend, or encounter apolitician’s sweeping statement on television (Perkins, 2003, p.1). However, Perkins cautions that building thinking skills, whilenecessary, is not a sufficient underpinning for achieving suchaspirations. His team’s research has found that the disposition to usehigher-order thinking is what is more likely to be lacking when peoplefail to do the sorts of things he suggests in this quote. It is not thatpeople cannot think, but they are “simply oblivious to situations thatinvite thinking” (p. 1). This focus on dispositions illustrates an important difference betweenthinking as a set of skills and thinking as a competency. Paul (2000)organises thinking dispositions into five broad groups: curiosity, inquiry, playing with ideas, questioning; thinking broadly, making connections, being open-minded and fair; being careful and clear when reasoning; being organised and planning ahead; and willingness to take time to think. Users of Art Costa’s popular “Habits of Mind” educational resources willrecognise similarities between this list and the 16 habits identified
4. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededu fitnessa summary of Gilbert (2005) Gym instructor’s role Designing a body fitnessprogramme suitable for anindividual’s starting level Coaching on correct use ofspecific fitness equipment Setting individual targets thatare challenging and extendingbut don’t risk physical injury Supporting and encouragingregular practice Coaching individuals to designand take responsibility for theirown fitness programmes Working on their own fitness,being a role model Equivalent teaching role Designing a mind fitnessprogramme suitable for anindividual’s starting level Teaching about use of specifictypes of thinking tools Setting individual learninggoals that are challengingwithout being too discouraging Supporting and encouragingregular practice Coaching individuals to designand take responsibility for theirown fitness programmes Modelling pleasure in their ownthinking and learning
7. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededu to add to an existing idea to make something new to improve on an idea to generate possibilities to question the way things are to think beyond what already existsTheGiftedKidsProgrammeCREATIVE THINKING
8. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededu BLOOM’S REVISED TAXONOMYCreatingGenerating new ideas, products, or ways of viewing thingsDesigning, constructing, planning, producing, inventing.EvaluatingJustifying a decision or course of actionChecking, hypothesising, critiquing, experimenting, judgingAnalysingBreaking information into parts to explore understandings and relationshipsComparing, organising, deconstructing, interrogating, findingApplyingUsing information in another familiar situationImplementing, carrying out, using, executingUnderstandingExplaining ideas or conceptsInterpreting, summarising, paraphrasing, classifying, explainingRememberingRecalling informationRecognising, listing, describing, retrieving, naming, finding
9. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededuCreative Thinkers Take care to ensure that we give carefulconsideration to a number of differentpossibilities before a decision is made. Care about looking at all possible problemsand solutions. Have concern for the quality and usefulnessof ideas.
10. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededuCreative Thinking Skills: Paul Torrance Fluency Flexibility Originality Elaboration Risk Taking Complexity Curiosity ImaginationGenerate many ideas, its aboutquantityGenerate a variety of ideas, its abouthaving a range of ideasSeek new, unusual, different ideasExpanding, enlarging, enriching, orembellishing, its about adding detailTaking chances or experimentingDealing with a lack of structure,certaintyFollow a hunch, question alternatives,ponder outcomesVisualize possibilities, build images inthe mind, or reach beyond the limitsAffectiveCognitive
11. TheGiftedKidsProgrammeexcellenceingiftededuStrategies Extended Brainstorming (LACE) Random Input SCAMPER Creative Problem Solving usingSCAMPER Forced Association Thinkers Keys