Teens who learn the anti-drug message at home are 42% less likely to use drugs.• Establishing clear rules & consequences• Be involved in their everyday life• Praising and rewarding good behavior
• Two thirds of kids say that losing their parents’ respect and pride is one of the main reasons they don’t use drugs. Your words and actions matter.National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign
Tobacco• Each day more than 3,000 kids under the age of 18 become regular smokers• Approximately 1/3 of them will die from tobacco related disease.
Tobacco• Did you know that nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine?• Fewer than 1 in 10 people are successful in trying to quit smoking.
So what isreally going onwith kidstoday?
How Many Teens Use Marijuana? Ever heard that lame line "everybodys doing it?" NIDA study 2002: of those who were surveyed said they used marijuana or hashish in the past month. 8.3 % of 8th graders 17.8% of 10th graders & 21.5% of 12th gradersNational Institute on Drug Abuse
• Marijuana, the most commonly abused drug in Georgia, is readily available throughout the state.
Positive Trends:Marijuana – From 2001 to 2005, annualprevalence of marijuana fell by 21percent among 8th-graders and by 19percent among 10th-gradersNegative Trends:Marijuana – The percentage of 8th-graderswho saw great risk in smoking marijuanaregularly decreased significantly from 2004to 2005.
MTF 2005 Data for 30-day Use*Drug/Type of Drug 8th grade 10th grade 12th gradeAny Illicit Drug 8.5% 17.3% 23.1%Nicotine/Tobacco- Cigarettes 9.3% 14.9% 23.7%- Smokeless Tobacco 3.3% 5.6% 7.6%Marijuana 6.6% 15.2% 19.8%Inhalants 4.2% 2.2% 2.0%Methamphetamine 0.7% 1.1% 0.9%Ecstasy (MDMA) 0.6% 1.0% 1.0%Cocaine 1.0% 1.5% 2.3%Heroin 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%NIDA
MTF 2005 Data for Annual Use*Prescription 8th grade 10th grade 12th gradeDrugsRitalin 2.4% 3.4% 4.4%Tranquilizers 2.8% 4.8% 6.8%Amphetamines 4.9% 7.8% 8.6%Anabolic Steroids 1.1% 1.3% 1.5%OxyContin 1.8% 3.2% 5.5%Vicodin 2.6% 5.9% 9.5% *"Lifetime" refers to use at least once during a respondents lifetime. "Annual" refers to use at least once during the year preceding an individuals response to the survey. "30-day" refers to use at least once during the 30 days preceding an individuals response to the survey NIDA
Club Drugs• Ecstasy MDMA can lead to depression, drug cravings, paranoia (and in some cases, psychotic episodes), can lead to heart or kidney failure.• National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign• CSAP
Club DrugsMDMA (Ecstasy)• Ecstasy is considered to be the most commonly used club drug, less than 2% of 8th – 12th graders use it on a regular basis.• 94% of teens have not even tried ecstasy.
Club Drugs• GHB (Gamma hydroxy butyrate)• Ketamine• RohypnolAre known as Date Rape Drugs.
GHB & Rohypnol These drugs are sedatives that can make you unconscious, cause breathing problems, & immobilize you. Rohypnol can cause amnesia.SAMHA’sCSAP
Club Drugs in Atlanta• Atlanta is a transit city for ecstasy to other U.S. cities. MDMA, GHB and Ketamine (Special K) continue to be popular and remain readily available in and around populations of young people• The cost of ecstasy, depending on location and amount purchased, varies between $8 and $40DEA
MDMA• In high doses, MDMA can interfere with the body’s ability to regulate temperature. On rare but unpredictable occasions, this can lead to a sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), resulting in liver, kidney, and cardiovascular system failure, and death.
Ecstasy GHB Rohypnol Ketamine
• The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) estimates that nationwide hospital emergency room mentions for Ecstasy rose dramatically from 637 in 1997 to 5,542 in 2001.
• Alcohol – The statistics show that abuse from 8th graders, 10th graders and 12th graders have decreased significantly
Inhalants• The Physical effects of inhalants can include hearing loss, limb spasms and damage to the central nervous system, brain, bone marrow, liver and kidneys.• National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign
Inhalant abuse on the rise• From 2002 to 2005, 8th-graders experienced a significant increase in annual abuse of inhalants, from 7.7 percent to 9.5 percent.• In 2004, lifetime abuse of inhalants had increased significantly among 8th-graders, from 15.8 percent in 2003 to 17.3 percent, continuing an upward trend in abuse noted among 8th-graders in 2003 after several years of decline.
Prescription Drugs Negative Trends:• Annual abuse of OxyContin and Vicodin, first measured in 2002, continued at levels that raise concern. Annual abuse of Vicodin was 9.5 percent among 12th- graders in 2005, ranking it among the most commonly abused drugs for 12th- graders in the “annual use” category.
Prescription Drugs• From 2002 to 2005, annual prevalence of OxyContin significantly increased among 12th-graders. Since 2001, there has been a 25 % increase in annual abuse of sedatives & barbiturates among 12th- graders.
The Dangerous Divide: Age 13 to 14 The transition from age 13 to age 14 is a risky time for teens. Compared to 13-year olds, 14- year olds are: • Four times likelier to be offered prescription drugs • Three times likelier to be offered Ecstasy • Three times likelier to be offered marijuana • Two times likelier to be offered cocaine CASA National Center On Addiction and Substance Abuse Survey
2001 report from (CASA) atColumbia University indicates that60 percent of high schoolstudents and 30 percent ofmiddle school students reportthat drugs are used, kept, orsold at their schools.National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA ),NDIC’s & National Drug Threat Survey 2001
The Age of Rude Awakening: 17By the time a teen reaches age 17:• One in four (26 percent) will personally know someone their age that was the victim of gun violence.• (27 percent) will have personally witnessed drug sales in their neighborhood.
• Seven out of ten will have been offered an illegal drug.• Almost half (46 percent) will have attended a party at which teens were drinking alcohol, smoking pot, or using cocaine, Ecstasy or prescription drugs while a parent was present.CASA
Importance of Family Dinners The more often children & teens eat dinner with their families, the less likely they are to smoke, drink or use drugs. Compared to kids who have fewer than three family dinners per week, children and teens who have frequent family dinners are:CESAR National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse
Ten Benefits of Frequent Family Dinners1. At 70 percent lower risk for substance abuse 2. Half as likely to try cigarettes3. Half as likely to be daily cigarette smokers4. Half as likely to try marijuana5. One third less likely to try alcoholCESAR National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse
6. Half as likely to get drunk monthly.7. Likelier to get better grades in school.8. Less likely to have friends who drink alcohol and use marijuana.9. Likelier to have parents who take responsibility for teen drug use.10. Almost 40 percent likelier to say future drug use will never happen.
Percent Teens Who Have Tried Cigarettes, Alcohol, Marijuana (by frequency of family dinners) 5 to 7 dinners per week 0 to 2 dinners per weekCigarettes 13 29Alcohol 32 48Marijuana 12 25