IntroductionI’m Debbie Dupree and I am in year two at Wake Young Women’s leadership academy. This topic is important to me as a new High School teacher at an early college school. At the beginning of the school year, I started discussions with the HS teachers concerning the 10th graders moving into college classes in their 11th grade year. With only 2 years of “high school” at an accelerated rate, I began to become concerned about how successful they would be with information literacy and the skills required to conduct research. This is how I began my inquiry into how the entire staff needed to prepare students for success in an early college setting.
Based on what I had learned about our 9th graders who came to WYWLA from schools across the county, I started to understand the importance of an accepted research model used county wide. Students going to high schools with similar backgrounds from Middle Schools would help with high school research. This may be possible if all teachers buy into the research model – not just the Language Arts teacher. The statement on this slide is from a research project which looked into students and their skills with research. The authors surveyed over 400 college freshman as well as surveying school librarians from 19 high schools.We live in an era in which information literacy has been a desired learning outcome at the high school and college levelStudies have been conducted to understand the source of the problemHigh school librarians are aware of the levels of information literacy needed by students when they reach the freshman year of college but explanations for lack of readiness is limitedAn example of how students are not college ready was shown in the Pew Research Center's study "How Teens Do Research in the Digital World. They found that students used library resources to complete assignments less than 20 percent of the time which also showed students did little to evaluate information that they used from Google and other online sources. I’ve heard from so many other librarians that “it’s a cut and paste world for them”
When the librarians from the 19 school were surveyed, the above revealed these as the top reasons that students are not learning the skills that they need to transition from High School - College
What are some things that we can collectively and collaboratively do?
Advantage of seeing sixth grade to college.
Link here to the PDF for the Action Brief. AASL Writers: David V. LoertscherKathryn Roots Lewis
research and media skills blended into the Standards as a wholeTo be ready for college, workforce training, and life in a technological society, students need the ability to gather, comprehend, evaluate, synthesize, and report on information and ideas, to conduct original research in order to answer questions or solve problems, and to analyze and create a high volume and extensive range of print and nonprint texts in media forms old and new. The need to conduct research and to produce and consume media is embedded into every aspect of today’s curriculum. In like fashion, research and media skills and understandings are embedded throughout the Standards rather than treated in a separate section.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ym-VHwbpAQM – how can you insert yourself here – High School 7:00 minuteshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SC4OG11zOC8 – Middle School
We’re sending our students out into the world of college and career so lets make it work for them.
Alignnment of information skills
Vertically Aligning Information
Literacy with help from the
Wake Young Women’s Leadership
What is Information Literacy?
ALA (American Library Association) states:
Information Literacy is the set of skills needed
to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information.
How are we doing?
“Despite the considerable attention paid to the
need to increase the information literacy of
high school students in preparation for the
transition to college, poor research skills still
seem to be the norm.”
(Varlejs, Stec, and Kwon, 2014)
Evidence from research
• administrative oversight
• pedagogy NOT rooted in inquiry based learning
• lack of information skills among content area
• lack of collaboration
• lack of staff in school library due to budget cuts
• assigning projects that are not inquiry based
• grades only on format and final product
Complaints from the Research
• Teachers are not willing to give up the time
• Teachers need to be in control and are
reluctant to treat librarians as collaborative
• Teachers education has not included
information literacy in curriculum
Discussion with a partner or two on how
to address these issues at our schools.
How to do this?
• Strong knowledge of the Common Core
• Alignment of skills across grade levels
• More Collaboration
• Process for Research in all subjects
• Leadership and Collaboration
AASL Action Brief
• “This action brief is a starting point,” said AASL
President Gail Dickinson. “It was designed to
increase awareness of the Common Core State
Standards, create a sense of opportunity
around their implementation, and provide
school librarians — who are faced with
increased opportunities in the context of
fewer resources — with a deeper
understanding of the standards and their role
in implementing them.”
Loertscher on the Common Core
• “The CCSS is a fresh leadership start for every
librarian in the nation,” Loertscher concurred.
“This action brief illustrates multiple
opportunities for school librarians to move
themselves to the center of teaching and
learning in their schools and breathe new life
into their programs. The document also serves
as an excellent advocacy tool to help build
essential partnerships with principals and
teachers to implement the CCSS.”
But What About the Common Core?
• 7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research
projects based on focused questions, demonstrating
understanding of the subject under investigation.
• 8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and
digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each
source, and integrate the information while avoiding
• 9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to
support analysis, reflection, and research.
• “College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing,”
Reflect - Common Core
• Take a minute to reflect on how the Common
Core may have impacted your practice
Ways to Act on the Common Core
• Get the discussion started at your school
• Research is not the responsibility of only
Language Arts teachers
“research and media skills and understandings
are embedded throughout the Standards
rather than treated in a separate section.”
• Other ways?
Rita Martens of the Iowa
Department of Education identified
five key areas in which librarians
can support the implementation of
Common Core Standards
5 Key Areas
1. Creating sound persuasive arguments with
2. Reading comprehension strategies
3. Effectively using primary and secondary
4. Reading and analyzing complex texts
5. Reading and comprehending informational
text in all content areas
• Livebinder for School Librarians with loads of resources on
• Article by KRISTIN FONTICHIARO with loads of links
• ALA’s ACRL on Information Literacy
• AASL’s Action Brief: Implementing the Common Core State
Standards: The Role of the School Librarian. Go to Resources
on page 28 of the 31 page PDF document.
• Implement a Research Process?
• Use the CCSS to get the discussion started – or
to continue it?
• Vertical alignment in your school?
• What next for WCPSS?
"Action brief helps school librarians support Common Core State Standards implementation".
American Library Association, November 12, 2013. Web. 22 April 2014.
Gustavson, Amy, and H. Clark Nall. "Freshman Overconfidence And Library Research Skills: A Troubling Relationship?" College &
Undergraduate Libraries 18.4 (2011): 291-306. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 20
Johns, Sara Kelly. "“Library Skills” = Information Literacy Skills = Common Core Skills." School Library Journal March 23 (2012): n.
pag. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. <http://blogs.slj.com/make-some-noise/2012/03/23/library-skills-information-literacy-skills-
Lehman, Kathy. "Preparing Students For College: Whose Expectations Are We Meeting?" Library Media Connection 31.5 (2013):
10-12. Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 20 Apr. 2014.
Naylor-Gutierrez, Elizabeth. “Making The Common Core Work for School Libraries.” Young
Adult Library Services 11.2 (2013): 13-16. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 22 April
Thomas, Nancy Pickering, Sherry R. Crow, and Lori L. Franklin. Information Literacy and Information Skills Instruction: Applying
Research to Practice in the 21st Century School Library. Santa Barbara: Libraries Unlimited, 2011. Print.
Varlejs, Jana, Eileen Stec, and Hannah Kwon. "Factors Affecting Students' Information Literacy as They Transition from High School
to College." School Library Research 17 (2014): 1-23. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web.
20 Apr. 2014.