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Sentence Structure
 

Sentence Structure

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    Sentence Structure Sentence Structure Presentation Transcript

    • Debbie Lahav
      Business English
      Ruppin Academic Center
      Adapted from: Business English at Work
    • A Sentence
      A sentence consists of words correctly arranged to form a complete statement or idea.
      A sentence
      begins with a capital letter.
      ends with an ending mark of punctuation.
      PP 3-2
    • Ask these questions to determine whether words are a sentence.
      Do the words make sense?
      Do the words indicate a complete thought?
      Does the group of words begin with a capital letter?
      Does the group of words end with a period, question mark, or exclamation point?
      PP 3-3
    • Four Purposes of Sentences
      Express statements (declarative sentences).
      End with a period.
      We offer a 30-day return policy.
      Ask questions (interrogative sentences).
      End with a question mark if direct questions.
      Are the new brochures available yet?
      End with a period if indirect questions.
      He asked whether I planned to revise the news release.
      PP 3-4a
    • continued
      Four Purposes of Sentences
      Give commands and requests (imperative sentences).
      End with a period.
      Direct Command
      Place your order within two days to receive a discount.
      Courteous Request
      Will you please call me by the end of the week.
      Express emotions (exclamatory sentences).
      End with an exclamation point.
      Always satisfy your customers!
      PP 3-4a
    • Sentences Have Two Parts
      Subject
      Often a noun or pronoun
      Indicates who is speaking, who is spoken to, or who or what is spoken about
      Predicate
      Verb (action or “to be” form)
      Tells what the subject is doing or what the subject is
      PP 3-5
    • The Subject
      The subject is the main word or words of the subject.
      Users can schedule unlimited sales calls with contact management software.
      Hudson Communications and Cellular Depot share an office building in the Redwood Business Park.
      PP 3-6
    • Predicate
      The predicate is the part of the sentence with the verb(s) or verb phrase.
      We have advertised our sale in the local newspaper.
      Other companies have visited our call center and ordered similar telephone headsets.
      .
      PP 3-9
    • Sentence Order
      Normal Order
      The subject appears first and the predicate follows.
      Jerry responded.
      Your company’s competitors hired several young salespeople.
      I received the sales totals.
      We wish you success.
      The training video is free.
      PP 3-16a
    • continued
      Sentence Order
      Inverted Order
      The predicate or part of the predicate is before the subject.
      There are many compliments about our customer service.
      Here is the latest inventory report.
      Should we offer discounts to attract customers?
      How much will a customer satisfaction survey cost?
      On the Website are the details about our shipping policies.
      PP 3-16b
    • Clause
      A clause is a sequence of words with both a subject and a predicate.
      Independent clause: Is a complete sentence and can stand alone.
      We send a confirmation e-mail for each online order.
      Dependent clause: Is not a complete sentence and cannot stand alone. It must be joined to an independent clause to make sense.
      When you call our customer service department,??????
      PP 3-18a
    • continued
      Clause
      When a dependent clause introduces an independent clause, place a comma at the end of the dependent clause.
      If the office furniture was damaged in moving, our standard guarantee still applies.
      Because we have 24-hour customer service, we have three customer service shifts.
      PP 3-18b
    • Sentence Formations
      Simple sentences
      Compound sentences
      Complex sentences
      PP 3-19
    • Simple Sentence
      A simple sentence is one independent clause in a subject-verb pattern.
      Wecancelled the order last week.
      Rachel and Ipurchaseda subscription to Advertising Age.
      Our customersshop online and refer others to our Website.
      The human relations specialist and my managerrecommended less phone work and offered me another position.
      PP 3-20
    • Compound Sentence
      A compound sentence is two independent clauses – sentences – that are connected.
      Many of our customers are self-employed, andthey purchase items for themselves.
      Limited quantities of this product are available, butwe will ship your order next week.
      PP 3-21
    • Complex Sentence
      A complex sentence consists of anindependent clause and a dependent clause.
      When a product is listed as out of stock, your order will be filled as soon as possible.
      If your order cannot be shipped within 30 days, we will cancel the order.
      Because I arrived late for the sale, I could not find the items that I wanted.
      PP 3-22
    • Sentence Fragment
      A sentence fragment consists of words, phrases, or dependent clauses that cannot stand alone and may contain subjects and predicates.
      The multiple gift certificates.
      Ordered by phone last week.
      PP 3-24
    • Run-On Sentence
      A run-on sentence is a complete sentence with period or comma faults or too many ideas.
      I want to order online credit card thefts worry me.
      Your serial number is provided with your product documentation you can also find the serial number by opening the software and clicking on the Help menu.
      PP 3-25
    • End of