The Bottom Line: The following will lose youmarks. No citations? Fail (see plagiarism) Citations in anything other than MLA, or consistent failure to format correctly:? Automatic 10% deduction. Quotes not integrated or formatted incorrectly (long quote not set off with hanging indent), treated as “serious error,” three will lose you 10% Titles incorrectly formatted: automatic 5% deduction. Incorrect punctuation, treated as punctuation error. Five will lose you 10%
Take Good Notes!Always keep track of… Date you accessed material on web Author Title Publisher, and publishing details (place, date) Name of web page URL Address (no longer needed for MLA, but good practice) Date of material Page numbers beginning and end Page you got material from In your notes, use quotation marks on all exact quotes
Titles Books (Perspectives on Contemporary Issues, Pride and Prejudice) and sometimes plays are in italics. Poems, essays (“The Game”) and other works within works (sometimes plays) are in quotation marks.
Formatting Quotes Integrate grammatically whenever possible into your own sentence. As a rule, quote as little as possible; paraphrase or put in your own words (but don’t forget to cite)
Integrate quotes grammatically Miss Lucy mentions the “terrible accidents” (71) that happen sometimes because of electric fences. Tommy agrees with Kathy that he is in some way different; he tells her “Maybe I did know, somewhere deep down. Something the rest of you didn’t” (252). The period goes AFTER the parentheses when the quote is in your sentence.
Block QuoteUse when quoting passage of more than two sentences,or for dialogue, which should be reproduced as onoriginal page.Madame tells Kathy that there was a different reasonwhy she was crying: When I watched you dancing that day, I saw something else. I saw a new world coming rapidly. More scientific, efficient, yes. (248)Note: the parenthetical entry goes AFTER the period inthis case.
Parenthetical Citations 1: What ANYTHING, either exact quote, fact or opinion, that you read in your research Page of text you are using – cite author’s name once at the beginning but unless you cite something other than your main work there is no need to keep repeating it. If no author, use ABBREVIATED title – this applies to journal articles and web page articles as well. Have as many citations per paragraph as there are different sources. Don’t worry about having too many.
Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: MLA First quotation or reference: “Quote quote quote” (Author 25). All subsequent quotes or references by same author, or where author is mentioned by name in sentence: “quote quote quote” (26). NOTE: NO “p” for page, NO comma between author and number
Parenthetical Citations 2: Where The parentheses go after the quote but before the period except in the case of indented quotes when it goes at the end. Milton echoes Marlowe when he writes that a mind “in itself / Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n” (234-5). Elizabeth Barrett Browning suggests that women “are paid / The worth of our work, perhaps” (464).
More Punctuation Reproduce internal punctuation (and capitalization) exactly as written except for a closing period (which goes after the parentheses). Retain closing exclamation and question marks. Dorothea Brook responds: “What a wonderful little almanac you are, Celia!” (7).
What it’s Called In MLA, it’s a “Works Cited” list It’s not a bibliography
Items Must be in Alphabetical Order The order is by Author’s last name. If you have no Author, use title, and integrate that alphabetically. NOTE: do not number entries
Sample Entry 1: BookMLA Ishiguro, Kazuo. Never Let Me Go. Toronto:Vintage Canada, 2006.
Sample Works Cited Entry 2 Simple Journal Entry MLA Koepke Brown, Carole. “Episodic Patterns and The Perpetrator: The Structure and Meaning of Chaucer’s Wife of Bath’s Tale.” The Chaucer Review 31:01 (1996) : 19-34.
Sample Works Cited Entry 3Journal Entry from EBSCO (MLA) Neman, Beth S. "A Modest Proposal for Testing A Voyage to the Country of the Houynhnms For Dramatic Irony." English Language Notes. 24:2 (Dec 86). p37. 7p. Retrieved Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 20 Nov 2009.
Sample Works Cited Entry 3 Online Article MLA Vaught, Jennifer C. “Spenser’s Dialogic Voice in Book I of The Faerie Queene.” 2001. 23 Web. 15 Nov 2009.
Citing Wikipedia“Dystopia." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 10 April2007.In text, use (“Dystopia”) only.