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Works cited guidelines

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Guidelines for in-text citations and works cited list, MLA (consistent with MLA 2009 guidelines)

Guidelines for in-text citations and works cited list, MLA (consistent with MLA 2009 guidelines)

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  • 1. Some Very General Citation Guidelines
  • 2. The Bottom Line: The following will lose youmarks. No citations? Fail (see plagiarism) Citations in anything other than MLA, or consistent failure to format correctly:? Automatic 10% deduction. Quotes not integrated or formatted incorrectly (long quote not set off with hanging indent), treated as “serious error,” three will lose you 10% Titles incorrectly formatted: automatic 5% deduction. Incorrect punctuation, treated as punctuation error. Five will lose you 10%
  • 3. Take Good Notes!Always keep track of… Date you accessed material on web Author Title Publisher, and publishing details (place, date) Name of web page URL Address (no longer needed for MLA, but good practice) Date of material Page numbers beginning and end Page you got material from In your notes, use quotation marks on all exact quotes
  • 4. Recommended Sites Zotero Diane Hacker (google “Hacker MLA”)
  • 5. Part One: In Text
  • 6. Titles Books (Perspectives on Contemporary Issues, Pride and Prejudice) and sometimes plays are in italics. Poems, essays (“The Game”) and other works within works (sometimes plays) are in quotation marks.
  • 7. Formatting Quotes Integrate grammatically whenever possible into your own sentence. As a rule, quote as little as possible; paraphrase or put in your own words (but don’t forget to cite)
  • 8. Integrate quotes grammatically Miss Lucy mentions the “terrible accidents” (71) that happen sometimes because of electric fences. Tommy agrees with Kathy that he is in some way different; he tells her “Maybe I did know, somewhere deep down. Something the rest of you didn’t” (252). The period goes AFTER the parentheses when the quote is in your sentence.
  • 9. Block QuoteUse when quoting passage of more than two sentences,or for dialogue, which should be reproduced as onoriginal page.Madame tells Kathy that there was a different reasonwhy she was crying: When I watched you dancing that day, I saw something else. I saw a new world coming rapidly. More scientific, efficient, yes. (248)Note: the parenthetical entry goes AFTER the period inthis case.
  • 10. Parenthetical Citations 1: What ANYTHING, either exact quote, fact or opinion, that you read in your research Page of text you are using – cite author’s name once at the beginning but unless you cite something other than your main work there is no need to keep repeating it. If no author, use ABBREVIATED title – this applies to journal articles and web page articles as well. Have as many citations per paragraph as there are different sources. Don’t worry about having too many.
  • 11. Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: MLA First quotation or reference: “Quote quote quote” (Author 25). All subsequent quotes or references by same author, or where author is mentioned by name in sentence: “quote quote quote” (26). NOTE: NO “p” for page, NO comma between author and number
  • 12. Parenthetical Citations 2: Where The parentheses go after the quote but before the period except in the case of indented quotes when it goes at the end. Milton echoes Marlowe when he writes that a mind “in itself / Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n” (234-5). Elizabeth Barrett Browning suggests that women “are paid / The worth of our work, perhaps” (464).
  • 13. More Punctuation Reproduce internal punctuation (and capitalization) exactly as written except for a closing period (which goes after the parentheses). Retain closing exclamation and question marks. Dorothea Brook responds: “What a wonderful little almanac you are, Celia!” (7).
  • 14. Part Two: List of References
  • 15. What it’s Called In MLA, it’s a “Works Cited” list It’s not a bibliography
  • 16. Items Must be in Alphabetical Order The order is by Author’s last name. If you have no Author, use title, and integrate that alphabetically. NOTE: do not number entries
  • 17. Sample Entry 1: BookMLA Ishiguro, Kazuo. Never Let Me Go. Toronto:Vintage Canada, 2006.
  • 18. Sample Works Cited Entry 2 Simple Journal Entry MLA Koepke Brown, Carole. “Episodic Patterns and The Perpetrator: The Structure and Meaning of Chaucer’s Wife of Bath’s Tale.” The Chaucer Review 31:01 (1996) : 19-34.
  • 19. Sample Works Cited Entry 3Journal Entry from EBSCO (MLA) Neman, Beth S. "A Modest Proposal for Testing A Voyage to the Country of the Houynhnms For Dramatic Irony." English Language Notes. 24:2 (Dec 86). p37. 7p. Retrieved Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 20 Nov 2009.
  • 20. Sample Works Cited Entry 3 Online Article MLA Vaught, Jennifer C. “Spenser’s Dialogic Voice in Book I of The Faerie Queene.” 2001. 23 Web. 15 Nov 2009.
  • 21. Citing Wikipedia“Dystopia." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 10 April2007.In text, use (“Dystopia”) only.