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Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
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Avoiding Plagiarism


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Brief guide to documention for 1st year College English

Brief guide to documention for 1st year College English

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  • 1. And Citing Correctly Avoiding Plagiarism
  • 2. The Bottom Line: The following will lose you marks.
    • No citations? Fail (see plagiarism)
    • Citations in anything other than MLA or APA, or consistent failure to format correctly:? Automatic 10% deduction.
    • Quotes not integrated or formatted incorrectly (long quote not set off with hanging indent), treated as “serious error,” three will lose you 10%
    • Titles incorrectly formatted: automatic 5% deduction.
    • Incorrect punctuation, treated as punctuation error. Five will lose you 10%
  • 3. Titles
    • Books (Perspectives on Contemporary Issues, Pride and Prejudice) and sometimes plays are underlined or in italics. Not both.
    • Poems, essays (“The Game”) and other works within works (sometimes plays) are in quotation marks.
  • 4. Formatting Quotes
    • Integrate grammatically whenever possible into your own sentence.
    • More than two lines of anything should be indented five spaces on both sides and set off from the text. No quotation marks .
    • As a rule, quote as little as possible; paraphrase or put in your own words (but don’t forget to cite)
  • 5. Parenthetical Citations 1: What
    • ANYTHING, either exact quote, fact or opinion, that you read in your research
    • Page of text you are using – cite author’s name once at the beginning but unless you cite something other than your main work there is no need to keep repeating it.
    • If no author, use ABBREVIATED title – this applies to journal articles and web page articles as well.
    • Have as many citations per paragraph as there are different sources. Don’t worry about having too many.
  • 6. Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: MLA
    • First quotation or reference: “Quote quote quote” (Author 25).
    • All subsequent quotes or references by same author, or where author is mentioned by name in sentence: “quote quote quote” (26).
    • NOTE: NO “p” for page, NO comma between author and number
  • 7. Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: APA
    • When author is used in signal phrase:
    • According to Author, “quote quote quote” (2006, p. 19).
    • If no signal phrase or for paraphrased material This is an important piece of information for my research paper (Author, 2006, p.19)
    • NOTE: includes year, “p” for page and commas between entries. Do NOT confuse MLA and APA
  • 8. Parenthetical Citations 2: Where
    • The parentheses go after the quote but before the period except in the case of indented quotes when it goes at the end.
    • Milton echoes Marlowe when he writes that a mind “in itself / Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n” (234-5).
    • Elizabeth Barrett Browning suggests that women “are paid / The worth of our work, perhaps” (464).
  • 9. More Punctuation
    • Reproduce internal punctuation (and capitalization) exactly as written except for a closing period (which goes after the parentheses). Retain closing exclamation and question marks.
    • Dorothea Brook responds: “What a wonderful little almanac you are, Celia!” (7).