Electrical Campaign Presentation

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  • 1. Look Up and Live Prevention of Electrical Injuries
  • 2. Objectives: Identification and classification of burn injuries Provide information for the prevention of burns in the workplace Emergency management of occupational related burns
  • 3. Definition A burn is damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by heat, chemicals, or electricity.
  • 4. Types of Burns Thermal – Contact Chemical – Scald Electrical – Tar – Flame – Frostbite
  • 5. Skin Functions Largest organ of the body Acts as an immune and mechanical barrier Important for water and heat regulation Largest sensory organ Appearance
  • 6. Depth of Burn Temperature of heat source Duration of contact with heat source
  • 7. Burn Characteristics Superficial Characteristics (first degree) burns – minor damage to – Causes: sunburn, the skin minor scalds – pink to red – heals in 3-5 days – painful with no scarring – skin is dry without blisters
  • 8. Burn Characteristics Partial thickness Characteristics (second degree) – skin: moist, wet and burns weepy – damages, but does – blisters present not destroy, top two – bright pink to red layers of skin – heals in 10-21 days
  • 9. Burn Characteristics Full thickness Characteristics (third degree) – bright red burns – dry - no blisters – destroys all layers of – waxy white the skin – tan or brown – may involve fat, – insensate muscle or bone – will require skin grafts
  • 10. Electrical injury Severity of Injury – Amount of energy delivered – Type of current - Direct or Alternating – Duration of contact – Resistance to the current flow
  • 11. Tissue Resistance Bone High Fat Tendon Skin Muscle Vessel Nerve Low
  • 12. Low Voltage Electrical Injury
  • 13. High Voltage Electrical Injury
  • 14. Types of Electrical Injuries Contact Flash Arc Lightning
  • 15. Types of Electrical Injuries Contact Flash Arc Lightning
  • 16. Types of Electrical Injuries Contact Flash Arc Lightning
  • 17. ELECTRICAL INJURY- lightning
  • 18. ELECTRICAL INJURY- lightning 70% occur June - August 50 - 300 fatalities per year Fatality rate 20 - 32 %
  • 19. Protection for the worker Use proper equipment when working with electricity Wear personal protective equipment Taking short cuts puts you at risk If working with electricity use the lock out principle (know the electricity is really off) If not grounded, not dead
  • 20. Be Aware The most common type of injury occurs when you become too comfortable in your job
  • 21. Outdoor Electric Safety Rules Look up and live -location of all overhead power lines -power lines near trees -flying kites away from power lines 10 foot rule -keep yourself and anything you are handling at least 10 feet from power lines
  • 22. Associated Injuries
  • 23. Outdoor Electric Safety Rules Call 48 hours before you dig -installing fence posts -planting trees -installing lawn sprinkler systems -doing major excavation
  • 24. Outdoor Electric Safety Rules Stay away to stay safe -stay away from downed power lines -call 9-1-1 or utility company -keep everyone away until utility company arrives
  • 25. Emergency Care Protect self – don’t touch until the power is off Stop the Burning Process – Smother the fire – Remove any burning clothing, unless imbedded Assess airway, breathing and circulation – Stabilize spine if fallen – CPR if needed Prompt medical treatment could save a life – Contact EMS (Emergency Medical System), Call 911
  • 26. Conclusions Electrical injuries are preventable Always use proper care when working with electricity Do not take short cuts – It could be your last!