Theory of Settlement : Navi Mumbai

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theory of settlement of navi mumbai, study of a concept of a twin city

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Theory of Settlement : Navi Mumbai

  1. 1. EVOLUTION OF NAVI MUMBAI<br />THEORY OF SETTLEMENT<br />BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE<br />SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE<br />BAWESH PRADHAN<br />DEBASKHI MITRA<br />DEBASHISH BISWAS<br />TRIPTI MAHASETH<br />
  2. 2. MUMBAI<br />Mumbai also called as Bombay is the capital of Indian state of Maharashtra.<br />Estimated population is 19 million second most populous city in the world including Navi Mumbai and thane.<br />It is the economic center of India.<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>Mumbai’s development has basically been a negotiation with the edges of each of the seven islands as well as of the larger island of Salsette which, housing the extended suburbs, is the major part of Mumbai’s footprint today.
  4. 4. The edge condition is a huge part of the experience of the city, also due to variety of human interventions like the urban rail and road transport corridors.</li></ul>N<br />
  5. 5. SPATIAL GROWTH AND EVOLUTION OF NAVI MUMBAI<br />1508 – 1661<br />Portuguese Occupation.<br />Creation of <br />Fortified City.<br />1661 - 1775<br />England Occupation.<br />Population grew from 10,000 to 60, 0000<br />
  6. 6. 1708<br />1772<br />Land fill between Mahim and Sion<br />Land fill between Mahalaxmi and Worli<br />
  7. 7. Grid Housing<br />Mid 18th century<br />with British control of Bombay confirmed, city planning began and restrictions for heights.<br />
  8. 8. Mid 18th century<br />Segregation between British and Indian was enforced<br />
  9. 9. 1853<br />First Rails were laid<br />1854<br />The first cotton mills was founded in Bombay.<br />
  10. 10. 1899 – 1900<br />The suburbia development effected by the people’s movement<br />1890s<br />The bubonic plague killed and scattered off Bombay’s population.<br />
  11. 11. 1925<br />Electrified Suburban Trains.<br />Completion of northern suburbs.<br />1945 – 47<br />Greater Bombay Was Established.<br />India became a free country.<br />
  12. 12. 1965<br />1957<br />Navi Mumbai<br />1950<br />Arabian sea<br />1910<br />Expansion of Bombay<br />1973 - today<br />The Vashi Bridge was opened to Public.<br />Bombay became Mumbai.<br />Creation of Navi-mumbai.<br />
  13. 13. MUMBAI METROPOLITAN REGION<br /><ul><li>AREA : 4355 SQ.KM
  14. 14. POPULATION : 19 MILLION
  15. 15. 4 DISTRICTS : MUMBAI, SUB-URBAN, THANE AND RAIGADH
  16. 16. 7 MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS: GREATER MUMBAI, THANE, KALYAN, NAVI-MUMBAI, ULHASNAGAR, MIRA-BHAYANDAR, BHIWANDI-NIZAMPUR.
  17. 17. 13 MUNICIPAL COUNCILS
  18. 18. 17 URBAN CENTERS
  19. 19. 1003 VILLAGES</li></li></ul><li>
  20. 20. NAVI MUMBAI – NEED FOR A NEW CITY<br /><ul><li>To reduce the growth of population in Mumbai city by creating an attractive urban center which will –
  21. 21. Absorb the immigrants who will otherwise go to Mumbai
  22. 22. Attract some of Mumbai’s present population so that overall population of Greater Mumbai can be contained within a manageable limit
  23. 23. To support the state-wide industrial location policy which will eventually lead to an efficient and rational distribution of industries over the state and a balanced development of urban centers in the hinterland
  24. 24. To provide physical and social services, raising the living standards and reducing the disparities in the amenities available to the different sections of the population </li></li></ul><li>NAVI MUMBAI – CREATION<br /><ul><li>The prominent authors of “twin city concept” were Charles Correa, Pravin Mehta and Shirish Patel who presented the government a proposal for constructing new growth centers across Bombay harbor on the mainland.
  25. 25. The implementation occurred through political and bureaucratic channels in 1969.
  26. 26. The site was finally chosen across the harbor from Bombay Island.
  27. 27. It was a narrow piece of land bounded by Western Ghat Mountain ranges on the north, south, east and Arabian sea on the west.
  28. 28. CIDCO was formed to plan and develop Navi Mumbai in 1970.</li></ul>New Growth Center<br />Growth centers of Bombay<br />Town <br />center<br />Arabian sea<br />Harbor<br />Twin city across the Harbor<br />
  29. 29. NAVI MUMBAI – THE BUILT FORM<br /><ul><li>The CBD lies art the center with all the major commercial, political and social activities.
  30. 30. This zone was surrounded by the transition zone which has factories and warehouses.
  31. 31. Older residential areas being taken over by expanding CBD.
  32. 32. The next zone had lower income levels and successive zones had higher income levels</li></ul>Airoli<br />Ghansoli<br />KoparKhairane<br />Vashi<br />Sanpada<br />Kharghar<br />Nerul<br />Jui<br />Belapur<br />RESIDENTIAL<br />INDUSTRIES<br />NhavaSheva<br />CBD<br />Dronagiri<br />Concentric Zone Theory, Burges Model<br />
  33. 33. NAVI MUMBAI – PROFILE<br /><ul><li>World largest Planned city with an area of 344 sq.kms.
  34. 34. Has a coastal stretch 34.2 kms.
  35. 35. Located at an altitude of 20oN and 73oE latitude.
  36. 36. The mean annual temperature ranges from 25oC to 280C.
  37. 37. The area has sub-tropical monsoonal climate of humid-per-humid to semi-arid and sub-humid type.
  38. 38. The area receives an annual rainfall of 2500 to 3500 mm.
  39. 39. The area has marine humid climate which ranges from 41 to 97 %.</li></li></ul><li>DEMOGRAPHY<br />NAVI MUMBAI, 344 SQ.KM, 9,25,346 POPULATION<br />MAHARASTRA, 30775310 KM, 97,000,000 POPULATION<br />INDIA, 3,150,41450 KM, 1,100,000,000 POPULATION<br />The decadal population growth rate in NMMC area is 87.5% as per the census of 2001.<br />
  40. 40. CIDCO-DRAFT DEVELOPMENT PLAN, 1973 <br /><ul><li>The task of planning and developing Navi Mumbai was entrusted to CIDCO.
  41. 41. The following principles were used in design:
  42. 42. Polycentric pattern of development
  43. 43. Acquisition of land to have control over development.
  44. 44. The site has following potential:
  45. 45. The MIDC at Taloja for industrial development.
  46. 46. The Bridge over the creek for transportation.
  47. 47. Two existing municipal corporations at Panvel and Uran.
  48. 48. The thane-pune national highway and railways link.</li></ul>Turbhe<br />MIDC Industrial Estate<br />Creek<br />Bridge<br />Taloja<br />Arabian <br />sea<br />Nhava<br />Sheva<br />Panvel<br />Development Potential of the site<br />
  49. 49. NAVI MUMBAI – DESIGN PRINCIPLES<br /><ul><li>The conceptual design of Navi Mumbai was developed at a height of modernism
  50. 50. The principles were
  51. 51. Decentralization by the design of self sufficient townships (nodes).
  52. 52. Residential neighborhoods (sectors)
  53. 53. Single use zoning as opposed to traditional multiple use zoning.
  54. 54. The total area of Navi Mumbai was divided into three townships. Each township has several sectors. Many were residential in nature.
  55. 55. Each node was planned to accommodate a range of some income groups.
  56. 56. Ponds were created to accumulate excess run off.</li></ul>Airoli<br />Ghansoli<br />KoparKhairane<br />Kalomboli<br />Vashi<br />Sanpada<br />Kharghar<br />Nerul<br />Jui<br />Belapur<br />Panvel<br />NhavaSheva<br />Dronagiri<br />Nodes of Navi Mumbai<br />
  57. 57. NAVI MUMBAI – LANDUSE PATTERN<br /><ul><li>Though the Navi Mumbai project began in 1970 the process has been slow.
  58. 58. Growth in the other areas of Mumbai has an adverse effect on Navi Mumbai’s Growth.
  59. 59. Since 1990, the growth acclerated due to presence of NhavaSheva port.
  60. 60. CIDCO provided services for both government and private ownership.
  61. 61. Houses has been constructed for EWS, LIG, MIG and HIG.</li></ul>Landuse map of navimumbai<br />
  62. 62. REGIONAL PLAN 1996 - 2011<br /><ul><li>DEVELOPMENT AREAS (34%)
  63. 63. URBANISABLE ZONE - I
  64. 64. URBANISABLE ZONE – II
  65. 65. INDUSTRIAL ZONE
  66. 66. RECREATION AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ZONE
  67. 67. CONSERVATION AREAS (66%)
  68. 68. FOREST ZONE
  69. 69. GREEN ZONE – I
  70. 70. GREEN ZONE – II
  71. 71. QUARRY ZONE
  72. 72. COASTAL WETLAND</li></li></ul><li>RIVERS IN THE REGION<br />HILLY AREAS IN THE REGION<br />
  73. 73. MUMBAI AND NAVI MUMBAI – PRESENT STUATION<br />Dharavi: organic development<br />Navi Mumbai: structured development<br />Local - “organic”/non-linear growth<br />- indigenous settlements <br />- City of Faith<br />Global - “structures”/ linear growth<br />- Colonial Period<br />- City as machine <br />City growth is structured between 2 types of development forces nurtured by trade and commerce, a constant dialogue between the City of Faith and The City as a Machine<br />
  74. 74. VISUAL ELEMENTS OF THE CITY<br />

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