Scientists can use fossils to make models that show what the organisms might have looked like.
From fossils, scientists can sometimes determine whether the organisms lived in family groups or alone, what types of food they ate, what kind of environment they lived in, and many other things about them.
The oldest recorded art has been found on the walls of caves in France, where Cro-Magnon humans first painted bison, horses, and people carrying spears.
MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.___ Most fossils are in _____ A. Bones C. Sedimentary rock B. Mollusk shells D. Wood C
2.___ Scientist can estimate the age of a fossil by comparing the amount of _____ with the amount of _____ MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Radio active element; nonradioactive element C. Sediment; Fossils B. Fossils; Variation A. Sediments; Radioactive element D
3.___ The fossil record is_____. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Incomplete C. Unimportant B. Complete A. Vestigial D 4.___ DNA studies show that the closest relative of a bear is the _____ A. Dog B. Gorilla C. Sloth D. Wolverine A
5.___ All of the following EXCEPT_____ provides evidence for evolution. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Embryology C. Vestigial structures B. Acquired characteristics A. Homologous structures B
6.___ Is/Are NOT characteristics of all primates. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Opposable thumbs C. Flexible shoulders B. A large brain A. Binocular vision B
7.___ Is NOT a characteristics of Australopithecus. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Having a humanlike jaw and teeth C. Walking upright B. Having a small brain A. Using stone tools A
8.___ Is NOT a characteristics of hominids. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Walking upright C. Burying their dead B. Eating vegtables A. Eating meat C
9.___ Homo habilis was given its name because. MULTIPLE CHOICE D. It was found in East Africa C. Stone tools were found near it B. Its jaw was human like A. Its brain cavity was very small C
10.___ The species Homo sapiens means MULTIPLE CHOICE D. Wise human C. Tool using man B. Southern ape A. Handy man D 11.___ Was the least like modern humans A. Australopithecus B. Cro-magnon C. Homo habilis D. Neanderthal A
Unscramble the letters to form the correct word 12. remains of once living things slifos fossil 13. fossils are found in this type of rock sedimentary yinemesardt 14. method to estimate the age of fossils tevariel gidtan relative dating
Unscramble the letters to form the correct word 17. fossils are found in this type of rock homologous gloemyrybo 16. body part with no apparent use slietavgi retuctrus vestigial structure 15. study of organisms in their earliest stages glosomuhoo embryology
Unscramble the letters to form the correct word 20. fossils are found in this type of rock Homo sapiens starpemi 19. human like primates that walked upright smidhoni hominids 18. mammal group that includes apes and humans mooth spineas primates
IDENTIFY EACH HOMINID 21. Small brain cavity, but humanlike jaw and teeth Homo habilis Neanderthal Cro-Magnon Australopithecus 22. Larger brain than former ancestor; made small stone tools 23. Short , heavy body; hunted with well made stone tools 24. Physical appearance almost identical to modern humans; cared for their elderly and buried their dead
MATCHING 25. Lived in south Africa 2.9 to 3.4 million years ago A. Homo habilis C. Neanderthal B. Cro-Magnon D. Australopithecus 26. Lived in east Africa 1.5 to 2 million years ago
MATCHING 27. Lived in family groups in caves in Africa 125,000 to 35,000 years ago A. Homo habilis C. Neanderthal B. Cro-Magnon D. Australopithecus 28. Lived in Europe, Asia, Australia in art decorated caves 40,000 to 10,000 years ago
MATCHING 29. ___ body part with no apparent function A. evolution C. gradualism B. fossil D. hominid 30. ___ remains of live from another time E. homologous J. Vestigial structure I. variation H. species G. Punctuated equilibrium F. Natural selection J B
MATCHING 31. ___ shares common characteristics with gorillas A. evolution C. gradualism B. fossil D. hominid 32. ___ body part similar in origin and structure E. homologous J. Vestigial structure I. variation H. species G. Punctuated equilibrium F. Natural selection D E
SHORT ANSWER 2. Homo habilis was discovered 33. Place the following scientific findings in order from oldest (1) to most recent (3) 1. Lucy, an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton, was found 3. The fossil skull Australopithecus was discovered