Digital Media: Why The News Will Never Be The Same


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Presented with Dr. Ian Fenwick at the Rotary Club of Bangkok South in Bangkok Thailand on February 11, 2011.

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Digital Media: Why The News Will Never Be The Same

  1. 1. Digital Media: Why the News will Never be the Same<br />Ian Fenwick & Dean Outerson<br />For Rotary Club of Bangkok South <br />February 11, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Digital Media: Why the Nudes will Never be the Same<br />Ian Fenwick & Dean Outerson<br />An evolution for better or worse<br />
  3. 3. William Gibson<br />The future is already here. It's just not very evenly distributed<br />“<br />As the famous Canadian science fiction writer, who coined the name ‘cyberspace’ said…<br />
  4. 4. January 31 2011 Al Jazeerah English<br />Recent events reinforce the main points of this talk. Who can doubt the role of digital, and of the individual, in influencing those in power<br /><br />
  5. 5. “I want my internet back”Feb 1 2011Monasosh<br />http://<br />
  6. 6. Facebook against Mubarak Cairo Feb 1 2011 gr33ndata<br /><br />
  7. 7. Reverberating around the world. This a tweet sent in San Francisco<br />#iranelection people printed @Flickr photos #jan25 show photos on iPad #egypt<br /> San Francisco Jan 29 2011 Steve Rhodes<br /><br />
  8. 8. News is New<br />Distributed, Permanent, Concentrated<br />Liquified News<br />
  9. 9. News is New<br />The news has always been changing, and always changed society<br />
  10. 10. Pheidippides<br />1st Persian War<br />Started 492 BC, <br />ended 490<br />One of the first news media<br />
  11. 11. Whose run from Marathon to Athens to announce victory (or we think from Marathon to Athens)…is still remembered today<br />
  12. 12.<br />Litter louts<br />In Marathon races all over the world<br />
  13. 13. You have to say he had balls<br />Victory!<br />He arrived in Athens he announced “Victory”…but of course he said it in Greek<br />http://<br />
  14. 14. You have to say he had balls<br />Nike!<br />NIKE!<br />http://<br />
  15. 15. You have to say he had balls<br />Nike!<br />And collapsed dead…with a swoosh!<br />http://<br />
  16. 16. Of course maps in those days were far from detailed<br />
  17. 17. Athens<br />Marathon<br />Google Maps would have made it so much easier for Pheidippides<br />
  18. 18. Athens<br />Marathon<br />Of course Google maps doesn’t have “running” directions, only walking…but watch out for the missing sidewalk, and tuck some coins in the loincloth for the tolls<br />
  19. 19. Athens<br />Marathon<br />Sparta<br />Some say that he actually went from Athens to Sparta, in which case Google Maps recommends the ferry…and marathons would be boat races<br />
  20. 20. If he’d had the full digital technology, reporting the news would save a lot of effort<br />
  21. 21.<br />Nathan Mayer Rothschild <br />1777-1836<br />Fast forwarding 2200 years or so we get another major innovation in news<br />
  22. 22. Mr Nathan Mayer Rothschild was a major “investor” in the Battle of Waterloo<br />
  23. 23. Nathan Mayer Rothschild<br />A modern day counterpart, allegedly, might be this gent<br /><br />
  24. 24. As the Cambodians & Thais know, the French were never good at drawing maps<br />
  25. 25. Run?<br />Swim?<br />Sail?<br />Fly…<br />Nathan Mayer Rothschild<br />Mr Nathan knew that he needed to news of the Battle of Waterloo’s final score before his competitors…how to do it <br /><br />
  26. 26. Run?<br />Swim?<br />Sail?<br />Fly…<br />Must invent helicopter<br />As an astute business man he knew that inventing the helicopter might take a while…<br />Nathan Mayer Rothschild<br /><br />
  27. 27. What about using something that could already fly…<br />
  28. 28. He bought, and trained, six homing pigeons. His associates released this right after the final score (England won). His offices across Europe got news of the result before his competitors<br />
  29. 29.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />He also knew the value of leaks and rumours. He at once started to sell…others thought that must mean the French had won…and also started selling. When the markets were in free fall…he quietly started buying.<br />Laying the foundations, it is said, of the Rothschild fortune of today<br />
  30. 30.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. His counterpart is not, as yet, apparently so successful<br />
  33. 33. Perhaps using a bird to bring the news was the inspiration for Twitter?<br />
  34. 34. Run?<br />Swim?<br />Sail?<br />Fly?<br />TAP?<br />Paul Julius Reuters<br />The next step for news was beyond running, sailing, flying…it was TAPPING<br />Nathan Mayer Rothschild<br /><br />
  35. 35. The telegraph spread news over wire: in a (sort of) binary code of dots & dashes…<br />News technology again changed the world<br />
  36. 36.<br />SCOOP!<br />Reuters had the news boat met in Ireland; telegraphed the news the last leg; beat the boat by 7 hours<br />1865<br />
  37. 37. News is New<br />So the news has always been changing…<br />
  38. 38. “<br />the medium is the message<br />Famous Canadian Marshall McLuhan pointed out that the medium changed society more than any message.<br />He even called the message (the news) the piece of meat the burglar holds to distract the dog…in this case distracting the mind. While the medium changed society<br />The Medium is the Massage, Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore Bantam Books, 1967<br />,<br />Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, Marshall McLuhan, McGraw-Hill, 1964<br />,<br />
  39. 39. “<br />the medium is the message<br />Another of his books supposedly misprinted message as massage…he liked the title and kept with it<br />The Medium is the Massage, Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore Bantam Books, 1967<br />,<br />Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, Marshall McLuhan, McGraw-Hill, 1964<br />,<br />
  40. 40. “<br />A whole generation of consumers has grown up ‘digitally’, never embracing print as a medium… <br /><br />
  41. 41. Who do you take to bed?<br />Do you check/update Facebook or Twitter after you go to bed?<br /><br />
  42. 42. “<br />Internet Passes TV as Main News Source for US Young Adults<br />2010: <br />65% of under 30’s<br />internet is major source for news<br />And is already the news source for many<br /><br />
  43. 43. Do you check/update Facebook or Twitter first thing in the morning? <br /><br />
  44. 44. News is New<br />Compact,<br />Distributed,<br />Permanent<br />Digital is different<br />
  45. 45. It’s DISTRIBUTED,<br />as media mogul Rupert Murdoch<br />pointed out <br />Distributed<br />“<br />To find something comparable, you have to go back 500 years to the printing press,<br /> the birth of mass media<br /> -- which incidentally is what really destroyed the old world of kings & aristocracies<br />Wired 14.07, July 2006, “His Space,” Spencer Reiss<br />
  46. 46. Wired 14.07, July 2006, “His Space,” Spencer Reiss<br />Distributed<br />“<br />Technology is shifting power away from the editors, the publishers, the establishment, the media elite.<br />Now it’s the people who are taking control.<br />
  47. 47. Distributed<br />Protest 5. Tahiri Square Feb 1 2011 Ahmad Hammoud<br /><br />
  48. 48. Distributed<br />Broadcasting to the world. Anti Mubarak demonstrationTahiri Square Feb 1 2011 Darkroom Productions<br /><br /><br />
  49. 49. Distributed<br />“<br />disappointed with the intelligence community<br />“<br />was someone looking at what was going on the Internet?<br />Intelligence Committee Chair, Dianne Feinstein<br /><br /><br /><br />
  50. 50. “<br />We are the medium <br />the medium is the message<br />In fact as we spend more time on social media, and gather more news that we, it is WE who becoming the medium. <br />Like the villagers spreading newsone to another…now WE spread news in the world. We’ll see Citizen Journalists in a moment<br />The Medium is the Massage, Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore Bantam Books, 1967<br />,<br />Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, Marshall McLuhan, McGraw-Hill, 1964<br />,<br />
  51. 51.<br /><br />
  52. 52. News is New<br />Compact,<br />Distributed,<br />Digital is compact<br />
  53. 53.<br />The Pentagon Papers covered about 7,000 pages.<br />Leaking those was a logistic challenge<br />3,000 pages of historical analysis & <br />4,000 pages of original government documents in 47 volumes…<br />
  54. 54.<br />Compact<br />This thumb drive holds about 200 times the Pentagon Papers<br />about 1.6 million pages<br />(about 200 x Pentagon Papers)<br /><4 mm thick<br />
  55. 55. So secrets aren’t in safes any more, protected by locks.<br />They’re in computers protected by passwords<br /><br /><br />
  56. 56. Some of the Gawker Group of websites were recently hacked and some passwords taken<br /><br />
  57. 57. Most popular Passwords?<br />#1 123456<br />#2 Password<br />#3 12345678<br />#4 qwerty<br />#5 abc123<br />#6 12345<br />The most popular passwords are not too hard to guess.<br />Are you protecting your data? Or will it be in tomorrow’s news?<br /><br />
  58. 58. News is New<br />Compact,<br />Distributed,<br />Permanent<br />Digital is forever<br />
  59. 59. Permanent<br />And then there was one<br />As the Soviets knew, traditional media could be doctored. The originals were hard to find<br /><br />
  60. 60. Permanent<br />“<br />…you can’t take something off the internet<br />that’s like trying to take pee out of a swimming pool…<br />It’s in there, it’s in there<br />Joe Rogan, Newsradio<br /><br />
  61. 61. “<br />Permanent<br />we never, ever, ever intended it to <br />be gunsights. <br />It was simply crosshairs<br />like you see on maps<br />Sarah found that digital is forever. First she could take the map that offended some off her website, but didn’t seem to be able to get it off her Facebook<br />Aide Rebecca MansourSlate, Jan 9 2011<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  62. 62. “<br />Permanent<br />we never, ever, ever intended it to <br />Then when she denied the crosshairs…someone turned up her Tweet admitting them<br />be gunsights. <br />It was simply crosshairs<br />like you see on maps<br />10:43 pm, Nov 4 2010<br />Aide Rebecca MansourSlate, Jan 9 2011<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  63. 63. Permanent<br />Palin did, however, admit that, yes, her map included “crosshairs”<br />She had to recant. <br />Digital 1: Sarah 0 <br />10:43 pm, Nov 4 2010<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  64. 64. News is New<br />Distributed, Compact, Permanent<br />LiquifiedNews<br />This distributed, compact, permanent news we call LIQUIFIED NEWS. News is no longer big pieces on TV and in newspapers. It’s everywhere. It flows everywhere. It leaks…<br />
  65. 65. CitizenJournalists<br />Over 4 years now since Time made YOU Person of the Year<br />December 25, 2006<br />,9263,7601061225,00.html<br />
  66. 66. CitizenJournalists<br />We’re all correspondents now…or capable of being so<br />December 25, 2006<br /><br />
  67. 67. Journalist Citizens<br />Ben Wedeman of CNN<br />Nicholas Kristof of The New York Times<br />If regular news gets shut down, journalists too get the news out via social networks<br /><br />
  68. 68. Journalist & Citizens<br />Citizens and journalists work together to curate a tumblr blog in response to Egypt’s crack downs<br /><br />
  69. 69. CitizenJournalists<br />Al-Jazeer, perhaps the biggest brand gainer from recent events, gets the news out via social networks<br />Al-Jazeera, its Cairo bureau closed<br />Its press credentials revoked <br />relies on tweets & YouTube to get out the news<br /><br />
  70. 70. Liquid news WILL leak<br />Leaks <br />
  71. 71. See how the new news, wikileaks, builds its credibility on the back of the traditional media brands. If the unknown Wikileaks had appeared alone, it would be easily deniable…<br />Leaks <br />
  72. 72. WikiLeaks<br />“<br />in a world where leaking is easy<br />secretive or unjust systems are <br />Nonlinearly hit relative to open just systems<br />
  73. 73. Leaks in WikiLeaks<br />Already the leaks are leaking…liquid news is hard to contain<br />!5716034/wikileaks-big-leak-is-leaked<br /><br />;qid=1297075105&amp;sr=8-1<br />
  74. 74. Leaks in WikiLeaks<br />Inside WikiLeaks: My Time with Julian Assange at the World's Most Dangerous Website<br />!5716034/wikileaks-big-leak-is-leaked<br /><br />;qid=1297075105&amp;sr=8-1<br />
  75. 75. Wicked Leaks <br />Now everyone is said to be getting their leaks in place…soon you will be able to choose just who you leak to<br /><br /><br />
  76. 76. Citizen Surveillance<br />The gap between Citizen Journalist and Citizen Surveillance is very small. For the first time in history surveillance becomes so cheap & easy, that all can be surveilled<br />We Have met big brother and he is us<br />
  77. 77. Citizen Surveillance<br />This pic of a girl below legal driving age (in Thailand), who may or may not have caused a fatal crash swept digital media<br />Reportedly she had to change hospital three times after someone tried to break into her room.<br /><br /><br />
  78. 78. Citizen Surveillance<br />Retweeted 600 times<br /><br /><br />
  79. 79. Citizen Surveillance<br />Retweeted 600 times<br /><br /><br />
  80. 80. Citizen Surveillance<br />Retweeted 600 times<br />@PUREloveNUT the most mentions (double the nearest rival)<br />#WeHateMissA, <br />the most popular topic among Thai twitter users that day<br /><br /><br />
  81. 81. This Facebook page calls her “the killer of nine deaths”. Nine FB pages have been created to condemn her.<br /><br /><br />
  82. 82.<br />The Nation’s cartoonist’s view of things<br />
  83. 83. Citizen Surveillance<br />(Ex-)Representative Chris Lee of New York<br />Married, 46<br />Lobbyist Chris Lee Divorced, 39<br />As sent to Craig’s List “women seeking man” advertiser<br /><br />
  84. 84. News is New<br />Distributed, Permanent, Concentrated<br />Liquified News<br />
  85. 85. “<br />We always over estimatethe change that will occur in the next two years <br />& underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. <br />Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction<br />Bill Gates, Chairman, Microsoft Corporation<br /><br />
  86. 86. Social media doesn’tcreate revolutions: any more than it creates or destroys brands<br />Social media doesn’t create pain: it’s just where you feel pain<br />Social media lets people share their pains<br />Social media lets people realize they are not alone in what they think…<br />Very unsettling for tyrants & dictators<br />From the discussion on<br />
  87. 87. The End<br />
  88. 88. The End<br />