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Multimedia Reflection on
concepts in Educational
By: Deanna Monks
What is TPACK?
TPACK stands for Technological
Pedagogical Content Knowledge. It is a
framework that recognizes the knowledge
teachers need for effective teaching with
// Purposeful use of technology in the
//Effective teaching using technology.
The TPACK framework is the interaction, teamwork and entwining
of three manifests of knowledge: Content (CK), Pedagogical (PK)
and Technological (TK). It's displayed in a Venn diagram.
What is CK, PK & TK?
O Content Knowledge: areas of
expertise, curriculum, subject matter, central
facts, concepts, theories and procedures within a
O Pedagogical Knowledge: how to teach, classroom
management, student thinking and
learning, lesson planning, and assessment.
O Technological Knowledge: the ability and
knowledge to use install and update
software, computers, devices, hardware and skills
associated with technology.
Before taking this course, CK, PK, and TK were all concepts that I knew were entwined.
But I did not realize I had limited knowledge in all three areas. Especially when it came
to technology. I was forced to teach myself new tools to keep up with the course
requirements. TPACK gave me the knowledge and understanding that using technology
in the classroom needs to be purposeful and effective to pedagogy.
Where I thought I was at:
But in actuality, I was off.
Technological Knowledge: I feel like I know a lot about technology because I use it daily
for my education and in general life, but I also feel like I have a lot to learn regarding
technology. It grows immensely and constantly. Also there are hundreds of technological
educational tools/software on and offline that I am not comfortable with or never used. I
feel like I would feel comfortable with technology content knowledge but not very
comfortable with pedagogical technological knowledge. Making those connections
between technology and pedagogy practices in very new to me.
Content Knowledge: I feel I know the most about content because I’ve study French,
Science and Math during my university 7 year career along with taking curriculum
of all sorts. Technically, all the classes I would be teaching in elementary I’ve already
grade school. Also not knowing what grade I’d be teaching but I do know that I’d feel
somewhat comfortable teaching the content of kindergarten to grade six. Pedagogical
and content knowledge has an overlap as I feel confidant in teaching content.
Pedagogical Knowledge: I feel I know a lot about pedagogy. My mother is a
teacher and I practically grew up within the school environment. Her colleagues
helped raise me and are big part in why I followed my mother’s footsteps. I also have
worked within a school environment for seven years as a reading assistant and
substitute teacher. I’ve shadowed various teachers from K-6. Now, in my last year of
education and I’ve taken many pedagogy courses; I feel even more comfortable getting
in front of the class, planning well organized lesson plans and use proper classroom
management and differentiation instruction. I also think I have lots of experience ahead of
me to endure, to learn and to adjust my teaching beliefs. I’m really excited to continue to
grow in my teaching skills.
Pedagogical & Content
O how subjects are adapted or changed to the
diverse interest and abilities of learners.
O Subject matter transformed for teaching
O Knowledge of what teaching strategies fit different
O Knowledge that the order in which content is
organized creates better teaching
O Example: boys and girls like to read different
things, so allowing students to choose their own
books to read or for a book report would be an
example of PCK.
O Teaching and learning can change because of particular
technologies like the use of a iPad or tablet
O ability to apply teaching strategies for the use of
technologies., example: using an interactive white board.
O knowledge of the advantages and disadvantage of tool’s
that may not fit to a specific outcome
O Example: Read & Write GOLD is a tool that allows
teachers to provide the differentiated instruction that is
necessary to meet the needs of diverse student populations
and ensure that all students reach their potential and
achieve success. It allows struggling students to access
any curriculum and complete reading, writing, and research
assignments as well as take tests independently.
O Technology and content influence and constrain
O Teaching is more then just subject matter
O Teachers should understand that subject matter
can be changed an applied to particular
O Knowledge that certain technologies are better
suited for different subject matter.
O Examples: using the web tool Story Kit to create
stories as a class, in groups or individually. It will
help students realize their reading fluency.
Creating stories to introduce new topics in various
subjects to a class.
TPACK will impact me as a teacher to
continue to encourage me to grow in my
knowledge of incorporating technology into
effective teaching in my classroom. I want
my students to be respectful digital citizens
and I want them to be engaged in their
learning. I want my students to have
success in their learning and with effective
and purposeful use of technology that will
O Koehler, M. J., & Mishra, P. (2009). What is
technological pedagogical content knowledge?
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher
Education, 9(1), 60-70.
O Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological
Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A framework for
teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record,
108(6), 1017-1054. doi: 10.1111/j.14679620.2006.00684.x.
O Shulman, L.S. (1986). Those who understand:
Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational
Researcher, 15(2), 4-14.