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Structure of a synovial joint and effects of exercise on skeletal system

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Transcript of "Structure of a synovial joint and effects of exercise on skeletal system"

  1. 1. Lloyd Dean Skeletal System
  2. 2. Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: List the structures of a synovial joint Label a diagram of a synovial joint correctly State the long term benefits of exercise on bone and synovial joints Supply short term benefits of exercise on bone and synovial joints
  3. 3. Structures of a Synovial Joint Ligaments Articular Cartilage Joint Cavity Synovial Membrane Synovial Fluid
  4. 4. Structures of a Synovial Joint Ligaments – Joint bone to bone Articular Cartilage – Covers the ends of bone Joint Cavity – “Hole” filled with synovial fluid Synovial Membrane – Found inside the joint capsule and creates synovial fluid Synovial Fluid – Nourishes joint, removes waste debris and lies in joint cavity How can exercises improve the function of a synovial joint? How would your answer impact your warm up,for example?
  5. 5. Short Term Effects Long Term Effects Bones •Can become sore, stressed and damaged after heavy weight bearing exercise •Bone Density increased – Reduced chance of osteoporosis •Arthritis likelihood reduced •More strong Synovial Joints •Synovial fluid becomes less solidified •Can become sore, stressed and damaged after heavy weight bearing exercise •Cartilage and surrounding tissues become stronger •Synovial fluid becomes more lubricated •Increased flexibility •Become more stabilised
  6. 6. Short Term Effects Long Term Effects Bones •Can become sore, stressed and damaged after heavy weight bearing exercise •Bone Density increased – Reduced chance of osteoporosis •Arthritis likelihood reduced •More strong Synovial Joints •Synovial fluid becomes less solidified •Can become sore, stressed and damaged after heavy weight bearing exercise •Cartilage and surrounding tissues become stronger •Synovial fluid becomes more lubricated •Increased flexibility •Become more stabilised
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