Reflections on Resilience and Communitation

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Reflections on Resilience and Communitation

  1. 1. Reflections on resilience and communication Prof. David Alexander CESPRO - University of Florence
  2. 2. Source: World Disasters Report 2005 Wisdom: ability to take decisions on the basis of principles, experience and knowledge Knowledge: understanding of how things function (or should function) Information: description of physical and social situations Data: basic facts and statistics COMMUNICATION
  3. 3. Resilience [Resiliency]: • definition: readily recovering from shock, buoyant • the term is derived from rheology, the science of the deformation of matter • as with materials, so with society: aim for the optimum combination of ability to resist and absorb shocks • resilience is an amalgam of attitude, preparedness and redundancy.
  4. 4. Attitude: • positive outlook RESILIENCE • ingenious approaches • searching for solutions • involving other people Redundancy • expensive but worthwhile • alternative solutions Preparedness: • extra capacity • emergency plans • monitoring & forecasting • warning & evacuation • public information
  5. 5. Causes of disaster natural geophysical, technological, social RESILIENCE History Human Adaptation single and cultures to risk cumulative constraints impact and of past opportunities disasters IMPACTS
  6. 6. PEOPLE'S IDEAS WHETHER ABOUT POSSIBLE RISK HAS DAMAGE AND LOSS BEEN ABATED ABILITY TO ACCESS TO PERCEIVE RISK INFORMATION HOW PEOPLE PERCEIVE RISK EXPERIENCE PROPENSITY WITH RISK TO DENY RISK ABILITY TO REDUCE RISK: • money • expertise • knowledge • resources
  7. 7. - negative Risk perception factors + positive Total vulnerability Risk DIALECTIC Risk amplification mitigation factors factors
  8. 8. Emergency not decoded Images Ignorance of reality Cultural filter Symbolic constructions Perceptual filter Diffusion of information Enlightenment Emergency decoded
  9. 9. Optimisation Process Emergency Technology response Message Perception Plan Social Culture factors
  10. 10. Emergency Emergency co-ordination procedures plan The emergency environment Real-time Spontaneous contingency improvisation planning
  11. 11. Emergency management: an evolutionary approach Civil defence...............Civil protection Proxy Participatory Command and control Collaboration Vertical chain Task forces of command Population consulted Population excluded and included Law and order Problem solving Secrecy Openness
  12. 12. Command Locus of function control principle Tension of Spectrum of opposites alternatives Locus of Support collaboration function (support) principle
  13. 13. Order..................Chaos Locus of Directed.......Ungovernable control Control.......Loss of control Autonomy.........Constraint Locus of collaboration Initiative.......Obey orders (support) Collaboration.."Freelancing"
  14. 14. + • utilised Disaster • adopted risk • learned reduced Analysis Past Lessons events • registered - • • archived Vulnerability forgotten maintained. • ignored
  15. 15. Health Contingency system planning Emergency Search Emergency medical and response response rescue Emergency Emergency communications management
  16. 16. Bem-hajam pela atenção dispensada!

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