Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran

575 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
575
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran

  1. 1. A Perspective on Natural Hazard Resilience in Iranian CitiesDavid AlexanderUniversity College London
  2. 2. The rosebud and the soulWrite mysteries on their margins,Fold by fold,Stay closed,And wait.Hafez Shirazi
  3. 3. BENIGN (healthy) at the service of the peopleIDEOLOGY interplay dialectic CULTURE MALIGN (corrupt) at the service of vested interestsJustification Development [spiritual, cultural, political, economic]
  4. 4. Aspects ofpreparedness in Iran
  5. 5. Earthquake preparedness information campaigns
  6. 6. Seismic monitoring
  7. 7. Civil protectionand emergency response
  8. 8. Emergency planning
  9. 9. Critical infrastructure protection
  10. 10. The complexity and diversity ofIranian urban environments presentsa challenge to disaster risk reduction
  11. 11. Tehran• 8-16 million inhabitants• three fault systems: mag. 6.9-7.1• last major quake 1840: seismic gap?• 50% building stock not antiseismic• predicted 400,000 deaths.
  12. 12. Elements of vulnerability and resilience of historic buildings in IranContrasting Sinān with Bahā al-dīn al-Āmilī
  13. 13. Islamic architecture and dynamic hazards • domes and vaults: heavy and rigid • arches: shallow and round-headed • minarets: tall, slender and fragile = rigidity, spreading stress distribution, high centre of mass.
  14. 14. Mitigating factors in Iran• widespread use of acute arch (stress distribution more contained)• high quality of masonry and design• use of flexible, energy- absorbing wooden spacers.
  15. 15. An unknown quantity...
  16. 16. Problems ofEnvironmental Protection
  17. 17. Where theres no sign of hope in the desertSo much hope still lives inside despairHeart, dont kill that hope,Even willows bear sweet fruitIn the garden of the soul.Maulana (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī)Kolliyat-e-Shams-e-Tabrizi
  18. 18. Kheyli mamnoon va khoda hafez! david.alexander@ucl.ac.ukemergency-planning.blogspot.comwww.slideshare.net/dealexander

×