Allen Colin DPC PP for GroningenPresentation Transcript
Colin Allen Groningen, The Netherlands 22 nd November, 2008 Deaf People in Developing Countries
What is the difference between
Countries especially in relation to the Deaf Community?
Famine Dirty Water Emergency Shelter Typhoon Malaria
United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Article 2: Definition
Article 9: Accessibility
Article 21: Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information
Article 24: Education
Article 30: Participation in cultural life, recreation leisure and sport
High income Upper-middle income Lower-middle income Low income http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Developing_countries
AusAID (Australian Government)
DFID – Department for International Development (UK Government)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland (Finland Government)
CIDA - Canadian International Development Agency, (Canadian Government)
SIDA – Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Swedish Government)
USAID – US Agency for International Development (US Government)
DANIDA – Danish International Development Assistance (Danish Government)
ODA – Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japanese Official Development Assistance
Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs Development Co-operation http://www.minbuza.nl/en/developmentcooperation/partners,partnerlanden_in_europa.html
Article No 7: Priority areas for the co-operation:
The WFD recommends the following to be given priority in co-operation work:
Establishment/strengthening of an organisation of the Deaf
Sign language work
Income generating and vocational training
EXAMPLE POTENTIAL RESULTS:
Fundamental foundation of an organisation run by Deaf people;
Leadership and decision-making by Deaf people;
Establish a strong network of the local Deaf club(s) / Association(s) under the National Association of the Deaf; and
Act as an advocacy organisation to improve the status of the Human Rights for the Deaf people’s living standards (Social Services, Government Legislations, Access to Information, et al).
Establishment of an Organisation of Deaf
Sign Language Work
EXAMPLE POTENTIAL RESULTS:
Research and document of local sign language in each country;
Identify themselves as a linguistic community where Deaf people have their own sign language;
Advocate their linguistic right to the government to recognise their language as a part of the government legislations;
Develop Sign Language resource materials to be offered for the parents of Deaf children, school teachers for the Deaf children, university students, Interpreter Training and others;
Supply knowledge of the language for teaching and training the local sign language.
EXAMPLE POTENTIAL RESULTS:
Advocate for the Bilingual Education for Deaf children;
Curricula and materials in using Sign Language resource materials; and
Lifelong learning for Adult Education Programmes.
Organisation Training Sign Language Interpreters Training Sri Lanka Organisation Training Sign Language Work Nicaragua Organisation Training Nepal Deaf Education Laos Organisation Training Sign Language Work Gambia Sign Language Work Deaf Education HIV/AIDS Ethiopia Deaf Sports Bolivia Sweden Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
Deaf Education Organisation Training Viet Nam Children with Disabilities African Decade Deaf Human Rights Pre-planning Project Global Theatre Programme for Deaf Youth Uganda Organisation Training Thailand Organisation Training Resource Centre (Yombo) Tanzania Organisation Training South Africa Sweden Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
Sign Language Work Central Asia & Caucasus Organisation Training Palestine Sign Language Work Ethiopia Vocational Training Cambodia Organisation Support Sign Language Work Advocacy Work Albania Finland Organisation Training Madagascar Norway Organisation Training Ghana Denmark Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
Organisational Work Sign Language Work Deaf Education Mozambique Developing Services for the Prevention of Substance Abuse among Deaf People in North Western Russia North Western Russia Improving Awareness on Substance Abuse among Kyrgyz Deaf People Kyrgyzstan Organisation Work Sign Language Interpreters Training Sign Language Work Kosovo Finland Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
Uganda Malawi Namibia Finland Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
Deaf Leaders Training within Organisation Work JICA Deaf Leadership Program Deaf Youth Training Duskin Leadership Program for Persons with Disabilities Organisation Training Mekong River Sub region (Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam) Sign Language Work Myanmar Japan Development Co-operation Projects Country Ordinary Members
ANAD Albanian National Association of the Deaf
Where is Albania?
After World War II Albania was the most closed country in Europe
The communist regime led by Mr Enver Hoxha effectively isolated Albania from the outer world
1950s Communist Regime
1963 Deaf School Open
1990 Collapse of Communist Regime
1996 Finnish Association of the Deaf
1997 Riot / Financial Scheme Collapse
2000 FAD / ANAD sign the partnership project
2002 Advocacy Project
2003 Sign Language Research Work
2004 Deaf Women Project
2007 Sign Language Interpreters Training Project
The collapse of communism and the opening of the country in 1990s mean that Deaf people were able to meet each other on regular basis.
Sign Language Work in Albania
Albanian Sign Language Work Project
Aim of the project was to research and document the Albanian Sign Language.
Develop the sign language materials recorded on a video tape and first phase of the Albanian Sign Language Dictionary.
The signs in the publication were divided into 6 basic topics
family & people
food & drinks
The first dictionary publication: Gjuha e Shenjave Shqipe 1
Benefits from the Albanian Sign Language Resources
Sign Language Materials available for the Deaf School.
Albanian Sign Language Interpreters Training.
Provide for the Hearing Family who have Deaf children.
Albanian Deaf Community.
Information sessions to the Deaf community in the provinces in Albania
Albanian Sign Language Interpreters
Establish in 2007 for two years program and it was a first time ever held in the history in Albania.
Prepare the Sign Language Program for the interpreter trainees.
Basic Interpreter Training Program
To ensure the Albanian Sign Language Interpreters facilitiate the communication needs for the Albanian Deaf Community for the generic services provided by the Albanian Government.
Trainees for the Albanian Sign Language Interpreters Training
Kosovar Association of the Deaf supported by Finnish Association of the Deaf and Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Where is Kosovo?
From 2001 – the Current Situation
In 2001, a situational analysis of the Kosovar Deaf Community was carried out over two months by the Finnish Association of the Deaf . 2001 – a survey of the Deaf community was conducted by FAD
Seminar with Deaf Community (representatives from 11 Deaf Clubs in Kosovo)
Based on these priorities a funding application was submitted with three main objectives:
Organisational Training to build the capacity of the Deaf community, its clubs and to establish a functioning and representative peak organisation for the Kosovar Deaf Community
Basic Level Sign Language Interpreter Training to enable interpreters to gain greater skills and consequently provide more equal opportunities for Deaf citizens and facilitate greater independence for Deaf people in Kosovar society
Sign Language Work to increase the status of Kosovar Sign Language by producing information and training related to Kosovar sign language
Kosovar Deaf Working Group
As a result of the seminar, a Kosovar Deaf Working Group comprising six members was formed in 2002. This group were elected to represent the Kosovar Deaf Community in seeking project partnership with the Finnish Association of the Deaf.
In 2003, the Finnish Association of the Deaf obtained funding for a three year period from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Finland to implement a training project that entailed all three of the objectives identified at the seminar.
To establish an association representative of the Kosovar Deaf Community with strong networks of all Deaf clubs, whose membership includes all ethnic backgrounds and physical abilities
In late 2004, the project began its implementation and the project team was formed with three local staff members and two international advisors.
The Steering Committee’s role was to monitor the projects activities and finances and to be involved with decisions regarding the future direction of a peak body for the Deaf community.
Aim of Organisational Training The overall aim of this organisational training was to advance these local Deaf Clubs into democratic associations capable of fulfilling their organisational responsibilities by providing organisational services and information to their local Deaf members and advocate for Deaf issues .
Kosovar Association of the Deaf
In March 2007, the Kosovar Deaf Community formed an official board for the Kosovar Association of the Deaf as a peak body organisation that is formally supported by 11 Local Deaf Associations all across Kosovo. The current number of individuals who have become members of their Local Deaf Association and have therefore joined the Kosovar Association of the Deaf now amount to more than 400 members.