ENBE FINAL REPORT

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ENBE FINAL REPORT

  1. 1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 1 The Future City Representation THE ARC LEE YAUE SHEN 0315381 FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  2. 2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 2 Content: 1. Introduction 3 2. A City 4-5 3. Investigation & Data Collection: The Ancient cities 6-9 4. Investigation & Data Collection: The present city/cities 10-13 5. Investigation & Data Collection: The future city/cities 14-16 6. The “X” City The New “X” City / Or the new name 17-25 7. The Process and Progress The Conclusion 26-30 8. The Conclusion 31 9. References list 32
  3. 3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 3 1. Introduction The Future City Representation is the final project for Elements of Natural Built Environment (ENBE). This project contains of 20% individual work and 10% group work. In this project students are required to investigate and research about an ancient, present and future city. With those information collected students have to propose a future city which focus on the needs of people, facilities, infrastructures, and how it sustain itself. This final project is divided into 2 parts. Part A is an individual component while Part B which is a group component. Submission for Part A is a video presentation ( or slide presentation) plus an A4 booklet report. Submission for Part B is a model of the selected city and one A1 presentation board. In this project, each student will have to pretend that they are the mayor of city “X”. As a mayor students will need to propose a new layout of the new city because of reasons that the city “X” is no longer livable.
  4. 4. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 4 2. The City 2.1 The City Definition A city is a form of social organization which consists of transportation, sanitation, housing, land usage, utilities, education system, building and business center. Besides, city also is a large community for people to live and have interaction between each other’s. City is the home for many people and sometimes for animals and plants too. 2.2 What makes a good city A Green City - Build environmentally sound and carbon efficient cities. An Inclusive City - Build socially inclusive, accessible, pro-poor, equitable and gender sensitive cities. A Planned City - Plan the cities of tomorrow for sustainable decision-making processes. Sustainable planning and a planned city are fundamental to make a good city. A Resilient City - Prepare cities for change, managing adversity, resilience and take action to reduce risk. A Productive City - Make cities more efficient and better places to ensure decent work. A Safe and Healthy City - Make cities safer and healthier. Reduce and prevent urban crime and violence.
  5. 5. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 5 2.3 What makes a city The combination of large community and social organization including natural elements will make a city. A city is a place for living things and non-living things to interact between each other’s, it also a place for human to live, play, learn and work. 2.4 How cities sustain itself ? A sustainable city should be a city with low carbon urban transportation. Besides, a sustainable city will has energy efficient buildings and also access to healthy food. Renewable energy is also very important for a sustainable city. In a sustainable city, walking and cycling is safe and public transport is safe.
  6. 6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 6 3. Investigation & Data Collection: Ancient Cities Tenochtitlan 3.1History Tenochtitlan was an Aztec city that flourished between A.D. 1325 and 1521. Built on an island on Lake Texcoco, it had a system of canals and causeways that supplied the hundreds of thousands of people who lived there. Tenochtitlan is the capital city and center of the Aztec Empire. According to legend, the Aztec people left their home city of Aztlan nearly 1,000 years ago. Scholars do not know where Aztlan was, but according to ancient accounts one of these Aztec groups, known as the Mexica, founded Tenochtitlan in 1325.
  7. 7. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 7 3.2Tenochtitlan Location Tenochtitlan is located on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco in what is today south central Mexico. Aztecs were able to settle there because no one else wanted the land. Tenochtitlan wasn't a great place to start a city, but Aztecs built up islands where they could grow crops. The water road also worked as a natural defense against attack from other cities. How big was it? Tenochtitlan is a large city that covered around 5 square miles. According to the estimation of historians, there are nearly 200,000 people lived in the city during its peak. 3.3Details Causeways and Canals The causeways and canals is for transportation to and from the city. Besides, the causeway is a raised road that allowed the people to easily travel over the swampy and wet areas. There were three major causeways. There were bridges that allowed small boats and canoes to travel under them. These bridges could be removed when being attacked. Moreover, many canals built throughout the city. The canals acted like water roads that allowed people to easily
  8. 8. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 8 travel around the city in boats. The city was well planned and laid out in a grid that made traveling around the city easy. City Center City center is at the center of the city there was a large area where many of the public activities took place. Besides that, the largest temple was a pyramid called the Templo Mayor. It was the tallest building in the city in order to be closest to the gods.
  9. 9. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 9 Interesting Facts about Tenochtitlan There were two aqueducts over 2.5 miles long leading into the city that provided fresh water to the people. Large crowds of as many as 8,000 people would sometimes gather in the central area. The Aztec Emperors built their palaces near the temple district. They were large stone structures with as many as 50 rooms as well as their own gardens and ponds. The Aztecs built a 10 mile long dike that sealed off a portion of the lake. It helped keep the water fresh and protected the city from flooding. 3.4Conclusion I like the way how Aztec built their causeways and canals as their main transportation. Besides, I also like the planning of the city such as the center of the city has a large area where many of the public activities took place. I like it because all the citizens can gather and focus at the center of the city.
  10. 10. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 10 4. Investigation & Data Collection: Present Cities Venice 3.1History According to the tradition, Venice was founded in 421 AD on April 25th, Saint Mark’s day, who is the patron saint of Venice. During the Romanic period Venice was not the name of the city we know now but it was the name given to the northern region of Italy. Moreover, it was just after the fall of the Empire and the arriving of the Longboards that the name started to be used in indicating the settlements that born in a group of small islands in the lagoon. For nearly 1400 years, the two or three miles of shallow water separating Venice from mainland Italy, had protected and isolated Venice from invaders and from the Italian political life. Untouched by the Pope and imperialism warfare, feudalism and territorial squabbles, they fixed their attention toward the East and the rich market of Levantine and Constantinople. It was in this way that started the grand trade empire of the Venetian Republic. After having fight against Romans, Arabs and pirates to maintain its autonomy, in 1000 Venice started spreading its commercial boundaries.
  11. 11. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 11 Plan of Venice 3.2Details How Did the City Get Built ? Venice sits on an archipelago and has 118 islands altogether. The city was not actually built on the islets. Instead, its structures are supported by a series of wooden platforms. These platforms are secured by additional structures placed in the sea. There are millions of “piles” underneath the Venetian lagoon. Besides, an astounding 1,106,657 piles were needed to complete its construction. These piles were 11.2 feet long.
  12. 12. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 12 The City’s Problems There were some reasons why Venice suffers with depopulation. First of all, in 1966 there was a flood which promoted a mass escape. Besides that, the current town was slowly sinking. Moreover, the homes were expensive to maintain. Lastly, the small businesses there cannot compete against the larger corporations. The Acqua Alta Acqua Alta is the Venetian term for “high water.” The Acqua Alta occurs during November and December. To fight against the Acqua Alta, Venice has created “Mose” a special engineering project. The Mose is simply a system of barriers. In addition to being moveable, these barriers are able to lift themselves up when a tide exceeds a certain point. This keeps water from flooding a nearby town.
  13. 13. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 13 3.3Conclusion The structure of Venice is very unique, its structures are supported by a series of wooden platforms. Besides, the city plan of Venice is also wonderful, the city is separated into 2 parts by the water canals. I would like to use the idea of the water canals to build my future city. Moreover, the environment there is full of romantic feel.
  14. 14. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 14 5.Investigation & Data Collection: Future Cities LILYPAD 3.1History According to the melting rate of iceberg at North Pole, the global sea levels predicted to rise significantly over the next century due to climate change, a lot of people living in low lying areas are expected to be displaced from their homes. Architect Vincent Callebaut has come up with a possible relocation destination for these climate change refugees in the form of the “Lilypad” concept – a completely self- sufficient floating city that would accommodate up to 50,000.
  15. 15. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 15 3.2Details Structure This future floating city is designed according to the shape of a water lily, it is intended to become a zero emission that floating on the ocean. The double skin of the floating “ecopolis” would be made of polyester fibers which covered by a layer of titanium dioxide (TiO2), which would react with ultraviolet rays and absorb atmospheric pollution via a photocatalytic effect in the same way as the air-purifying concrete and paving stones we looked at last year. Besides that, 3 marinas and three mountains would surround a centrally located artificial lagoon that is totally immersed below the water line to act as ballast for the city. The three mountains and marinas would be dedicated to work, shopping and entertainment, respectively, while suspended gardens and aquaculture farms located below the water line would be used to grow food and biomass.
  16. 16. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 16 Energy This floating city would also include the full complement of renewable energy technologies, including solar, thermal, wind, tidal, and biomass to produce more energy than it consumes. The Lilypads could be located close to land or set free to follow the ocean currents wherever they may lead. 3.3Conclusion I like the concept and idea of the whole city, especially how they sustain their energy. I would add the wave, solar and wind energy feature in my new city. Besides that, I like the shape of the whole city which is look like a water lily. I will use the concept of the shape of the city to design my airport.
  17. 17. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 17 6.The “X” City THE CIRCLE 6.1 History The circle is a city build in 1900; it is located at Malaysia near Selangor. The strong climax change had causes the change of temperature and the melting of iceberg at the North Pole. Citizen there did not take this case seriously and did not aware of its risk. Day by day, the melting of the iceberg becomes more serious and this causes the rising of the sea level. Finally in 2030, there was only 5 percent of land left above the sea level and the population of human on earth had decreased 70%. Others large city had built their new environment with their technology for further surviving. However, The Circle haven carry out any new proposal yet. The citizen there was still waiting for the new hope. In year 2033, there was no land left for human to live. Fortunately, at this emergency situation, the mayor of the city had launched a new floating city named “The Arc”. The new city changed the history of The Circle.
  18. 18. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 18 6.2 People, population and religion All the people in The Circle are Malaysian; they live near the main state of Malaysia which is Selangor. The total population of The Circle is between 200,000-400,000, this city is not that big. Malaysia is a multi-cultural country, therefore there are many type of religion in this city. The types of religion in this city are Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism and Islam. 6.3 Cultural, needs and type of jobs Malaysia is a country which living with different races and religion, therefore The Circle contains of many unique cultures. Malaysia is a wonderful place for tourism just because of its culture. The basic needs of a city will be food supply, water supply and electrical supply. Type of jobs in this city is uncountable, but most of the citizens focus in agriculture. 6.4 What would be a good future city for them? A future city which can float on the sea, this is because the rising of sea level. Besides that, they need a city which can fight again climax change. Moreover, they need a sustainable city which is a city with low carbon urban transportation, has energy efficient buildings and also access to healthy food. Renewable energy is also very important for them.
  19. 19. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 19 6.5 Conclusion about The Circle The Circle is no longer available for human to live in, the city is sinking and only 10% of land left above the sea level. The citizen of this city is struggling and waiting for a change. In 2033, the mayor finally launched a new floating city named “The Arc”. The entire citizen had moved to the new city “The Arc”, they had experienced a big change. This incident had leaded them into a new life; they had to adapt the new environment.
  20. 20. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 20 7.The New “X” City THE ARC 7.1 The solution to create this new city Building materials that used to build this city included a slab of concrete and polystyrene foam. This design concept allows foundation of the city transform into floats. Foam core encased in concrete with steel cables to prevent the structure floating away. No matter how high the sea levels, the structures will remain above the water. 7.2 Why is it on water The rising of sea level cause the sinking of land. To overcome this problem, the city should floats on water. Besides that, compare to others solution such as underground city, underwater city or city in the air, a city which is floating on water is much easier to construct. Furthermore, construct a floating city take less duration of time compare to others solution. Moreover, the environment of floating city is friendlier to human. The presence of water and sunlight allowed citizens to make their own food by agriculture and catching fishes.
  21. 21. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 21 7.3 Important characteristic and elements Geometric Shape, form, structure, pattern The new city “The Arc” is a well-planned city for human to live in the future. The foundation of this city is dynamic but not static, it mean that the foundation can be move anytime according to the sea level. The foundation is attached to steel cables to prevent it float away. The foundation of this city is flexible, because of that it can prevent the happening of tsunami. The geometric shape of The Arc is triangle shape, this is because triangle represents reuse, reduce and recycle. Furthermore, the similar triangle shape is much easier to arrange and organize. Main focus of the city Since the city is focuses more on tourism, the main focus of the city will be tourism area such as the square, monuments, town hall, pavilion and also recreation area. There three town hall in this city which is located in the middle of three residential area. Main focuses of this city is including the well-constructed airport. The airport consist of a recreation park on top of its roof, this provide a place for tourist to relax, rest and enjoy the beautiful scenery of the city and also the government building.
  22. 22. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 22 At night, the airport is illuminated by blue light, this create wonderful scenery for tourist to take picture. Besides that, the government building is one of the main focus of the city. This is the tallest building in the city; it can be spot from every single part of the city. Tourist can enjoy the unique design of the building and also the amazing view of the building. This building is surround by tourism area, the highest level of the building will be the observation level for tourist to observe the whole city. Furthermore, the main focus of the city included the observation building which is located at the energy platform (a platform which consists of large area of solar panel, wind turbine, wave turbine and also the 3 unique power house). The building is well-designed and consists of unique geometric shape. At this building, tourist can enjoy the amazing view of the whole energy platform. The colorful power house is a building that can amaze the tourist. The residential area is also a wonderful place, it is well- planned for the resident to live in. There is two Sky Park above the residential building. The park is a place for citizen to exercise, gather or relax, resident can exercise anytime just above their house. Besides that, a green plant also provides fresh air for the environment and also lowers the temperature. Trees in the park can provide shade for resident to gather or rest.
  23. 23. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 23 Zoning of City The government building is at the middle, below the building is the main railway station, and above the building is an observation level for tourism. Hence, the main focus of the city will be at the center. After that, there will be business area, education area, commercial area, religious area and recreation area. In this zone there will be three police stations and 3 hospitals. The location of the police stations and hospitals is at the middle of residential areas; this can ensure the safety of resident. Behind the residential area will be the Next will be the residential areas, there are 3 residential areas. Besides that, there will be 3 town halls in the middle of each residential area, it is easier to gather the citizen. Behind each of the residential building will be the agricultural areas. Airport, shipping port, energy platform, industrial area and hospitality area will be at the outer most zone of the city. This ensures that the systems of the airport and shipping port can function correctly.
  24. 24. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 24 Transportation The Arc is a city mainly focuses on tourism; there are many unique buildings and recreation areas in this city. Besides that, the transport system here is well-planned to ensure citizen and tourist can travel around easily. In this floating city, there are water canals which act as a water road for citizen or tourist to travel around the city. The concept of this water canals is inspired by the present city named Venice. Citizen can travel around the city by water transport other than cars because of this feature. The grid systems here are also well-planned and organize according to the needs of citizens and tourist. There are bridges which link the different size triangle based foundation together. The bridges allow land transport to travel through every part of the city easily. The railway system is separated into 2 parts, the large circle and the small circle. These 2 parts is linked together by 4 connecting tunnel. At the middle, there will be a main railway station. This railway system is will-organized to ensure citizen and tourist can travel around the city conveniently.
  25. 25. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 25 Energy There are many type of energy here, which is solar energy, wind energy and wave energy. Solar panel illuminated by yellow light, wind turbine illuminated by blue light while wave turbine illuminated by red light. There will also 3 power house which is illuminated by yellow, blue and red color. All this structure is located at the energy platform. Water Distribution Water distribution of the city is between industrial area and hospitality area. The sea water was undergo purification and finally become clean water. The step to get clean water is suction, purification and transfer. Sanitary All the wastewater from the urban area will be transfer to the agriculture area. Plant can get nutrients from the wastewater. This idea is based on the concept of reuse.
  26. 26. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 26 8.The Process & Progress Circle based foundation Many people using circle shape, plus Mr. Wan suggested me to use triangle shape. So I changed it. Triangle based foundation
  27. 27. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 27 Zoning of The Arc Railways system Water canals
  28. 28. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 28 Airport Residential area
  29. 29. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 29 Government building Energy
  30. 30. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 30 Observation Building
  31. 31. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 31 9.Conclusion The combination of large community and social organization including natural elements make a city. A city is a place for living things and non-living things to interact between each other’s, it also a place for human to live, play, learn and work. A good city is a city which can ensure the safety of citizen. Besides that, it also consists of will-planned grid system and zoning. A good city should be sustainable and also can stand for climate change and natural disaster. Moreover, a good city also fulfills the needs and requirement of humans. After this project, I learned that to plan a city is not that easy. There are many expect that needed to plan and consider, such as water supply, electrical supply, food and so on.
  32. 32. ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation LEE YAUE SHEN | 0315381 | Group w | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University 32 10.Reference Links http://www.travel-to-venice.com/special-features/interesting-facts-about-venice.html http://www.p4sc.org/articles/all/global-view-what-makes-city-sustainable http://www.unhabitat.org/categories.asp?catid=685 http://www.ducksters.com/history/aztec_empire/tenochtitlan.php http://www.tenochtitlanfacts.com/ http://inhabitat.com/lilypad-floating-cities-in-the-age-of-global-warming/

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