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Acquisition policy and business models of research libraries in a digital era by lars björnshauge






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Acquisition policy and business models of research libraries in a digital era by lars björnshauge Acquisition policy and business models of research libraries in a digital era by lars björnshauge Presentation Transcript

  • LUND UNIVERSITY Acquisition policies and business models of research libraries in a digital era Scientific Publishing in Natural History Institutions -3rd meeting Exchanging know-how, dissemination and access to taxonomic journals - Copenhagen - 7-8 October, 2010 Lars Björnshauge, SPARC Europe Director of Libraries Lund University, Sweden 1
  • LUND UNIVERSITY One of Europe’s Leading Universities • Founded in 1666 • 46 000 students • 2 800 doctoral students • 6 000 employees • 562 professors (18 % women) • Eight faculties • Several campuses • EUR 620 million turnover 5
  • LUND UNIVERSITY One University – multiple campuses Campuses outside Lund: Malmö Malmö Academy of Music Malmö Art Academy Malmö Theatre Academy Skåne University Hospital, Malmö Helsingborg Campus Helsingborg Ljungbyhed School of Aviation 6
  • LUND UNIVERSITY First- and second-cycle education I Students Individuals 46 000 Full-time equivalents 27 800 (of which 23 % in the second cycle) Degrees awarded 4 700 (of which 62 % in the second cycle) Education Study programmes 274 (of which 55 % in the second cycle) Free-standing courses 2 000 (of which 42 % in the second cycle) 7
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Research Libraries in the digital era! • During the last decade libraries have changed more that in the last century • And it doesn´t stop here! • Libraries are re-inventing themselves in the digital era 8
  • LUND UNIVERSITY The Library is no longer an island within the univesity • Libraries are expected to – be involved in development of teaching and support to learning – handle the institutional intellectual output (publishing) – engage in scholarly communication – be involved in research evaluation support – be efficient in their operations 9
  • LUND UNIVERSITY The library as a work space • Researchers doesn´t visit the library premises anymore • Students use the library as a work place • Library space is a space for self-study, group work and learning 10
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Figures – Swedish University Libraries 2002-2008 • Year 2002 2008 • Print journals 86k 54k • E-journals 119k 311K • Staff (FTE) 1759 1649 • Acquisition print mill. SEK 182 92 • Acquisition electr. mill.SEK 129 274 11
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Figures – Swedish University Libraries 2002-2008 • Year 2002 2008 • Loans (books) 8246k 9073k • InterLibraryLoans 223k 193k • E-journal downloads 2343k 11602k • E-book downloads 6k 4141k 12
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Shift from print to digital! • Lund University 2001 2008 • Library Expenses • Books (print) mill.Euro 0.8 0.9 • Journals (print) mill. Euro 1.9 0.7 • E-media mill. Euro 1.2 3.5 • Total Media costs mill. Euro 3.9 5.1 • E-journals 4.456 20.065 13
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Efficient back office processes • Print journals and printed books – might be cheap to purchase , but – are expensive to handle • Purchasing e-journals & e-books in bulk reduces complicated selection and registration processes. • Sorry, but: • Library exchange programmes does not fit! 14
  • LUND UNIVERSITY More content – easier access • Publishers and aggregators offer huge packages with e-journals and e-books • They come into the services of libraries with metadata and links to full-text • Information resources that do not comply with this tend to be forgotten - are and will be invisible! 15
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Discovery and access is key • The library catalogue is no longer the key service/system – too complicated to use, obsolete, does not provide access to digital resources adequately • Users expect the one-stop-shop to information resources – regardless of type of media • Link-servers and discovery tools for easy discovery and delivery. • Information resources must comply – or else … 16
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Library services and library users • Yesterday: – Users had to come to the library and use ”our” systems • Tomorrow: – Libraries have to be where the users are and library services have to be embedded in the users systems, platforms, devices and gadgets • Or become obsolete! 17
  • LUND UNIVERSITY The EDIT ”collection” • Adequate dissemination of the ”EDIT-collection” requires that the journals, series and books are in the ”flow” – Have metadata, are indexed and are incorporated in the offers from aggregators (subscription agents, link-resolvers, discovery services) – If not – they will be forgotten and ignored. 18
  • LUND UNIVERSITY What should be done I • Go digital! – plenty of Open Source publishing software available • Do a real calculation of all the costs associated with the existing print publishing model – including all the hidden costs – – and if appropriate as well the costs of handling incoming documents in library exchange programmes! 19
  • LUND UNIVERSITY What should be done II • Consider the savings – No packaging costs, no postage, no stock costs etc – Consider the advantages: • Consider the advantages: – Your content will come into the flow side by side with the content from the major publishers – Increased visibility 20
  • LUND UNIVERSITY What should be done III If you cannot do it yourself: – Go digital together! – the EDIT-collection online! – Don´t forget to digitize the back files! 21
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Go Open Access! • Eliminate subscription management – invoicing, claiming etc. • Take advantage of Open Access infrastructure: – Global dissemination of metadata – increased visibility – more usage, more citations, more impact – With or without article processing fees • Just as well prepare: Research funders & universities are increasingly mandating Open Access! 22
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Go Open Access – and do it in collaboration! • Create the ”EDIT-open access publishing consortium” or enter agreement with an Open Access Publisher – Co-Action, Igitur (Utrecht University) or … – Use Open Journals Systems and work with a university library – See to that journals are compliant with best practice for OA-journals • OASPA • DOAJ 23
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Monographs and book series as well! • OAPEN - http://oapen.org/ • OAPEN (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) is a collaborative initiative to develop and implement a sustainable Open Access publication model for academic books in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The OAPEN Library aims to improve the visibility and usability of high quality academic research by aggregating peer reviewed Open Access publications from across Europe. • Various models: e-version: Open Access – print version: on demand etc. 27
  • LUND UNIVERSITY How Open Access Journals come into the flow! 29
  • LUND UNIVERSITY DOAJ – the basics • A collection of open access journals that comply to specific criteria: • No embargo! • Quality control measures, – the journal must exercise peer-review or editorial quality control – scholarly articles as primary content – researchers as primary target group • Extensive usage rights 30
  • LUND UNIVERSITY More than a list of OA-journals • Services provided: – Search service on journal title level for end-users – Creating and constantly extending an index of metadata on OA-articles • Federated search through a simple interface • +450.000 articles from 2300 journals – 42% of the journals and increasing – Metadata harvesting: - Heavily used by libraries, library consortia, commercial aggregators (subscription agents& OpenUrl service providers) and search engines 31
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Usage of the DOAJ services • Direct usage from the DOAJ-site: – Every month visits from 160+ countries – Redirected request constantly above 1 million – Distinct host served constantly above 100.000 – Visits from OAI-harvesters substantial • However the indirect usage most important – Harvesting from the DOAJ-site 32
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Global visibility and dissemination of records • Integrated in OPAC´s in many, many libraries • Several service providers are linking to DOAJ • Integrated in the services of aggregators (Serial Solutions, Ullrichs, EBSCO, OVID etc.) • And OpenURL-providers (Exlibris, EBSCO etc.) • Feedback from publishers indicates that DOAJ is among the top 5 referral sites. 33
  • LUND UNIVERSITY DOAJ –services based on a managed collection unique in its composition • Scope/coverage – all scientific subjects • Geographical spread – 100 countries • Language spread – 50 languages • Publisher spread – as of May 2009: – 20 Publishers with 10+ Journals – 50 Publishers with 5+ Journals – 1800 Publishers with 1 Journal! – 2200 Publishers in total 34
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Improving the quality of OA-journals • The evaluation process in itself! • Provision of metadata • The SPARC-Europé certification - SPARC Europe Seal for Open Access Journals • Long Term Preservation of Open Access Journals • Additional service_ • Online guide to Open Access Publishing 35
  • Let your content become visible LUND UNIVERSITY Visitors at the DOAJ-site Oct. 6th Direct usage from the DOAJ-site: Redirected request constantly above 1 million Distinct host served constantly above 100.000 However: indirect usage – HARVESTING METADATA - most important 37
  • LUND UNIVERSITY Links • SPARC Europé - www.sparceurope.org • Oapen - http://oapen.org/ • OnLine guide to Open Access Publishing: – http://www.doaj.org/bpguide/ • Open Journals Systems - http://pkp.sfu.ca/?q=ojs • OASPA - http://oaspa.org/index.php • DOAJ – www.doaj.org • Lars.bjornshauge@lub.lu.se 38