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Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
Unity and Conformity
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Unity and Conformity

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Transcript

  • 1. Unity and Conformity Qin Dynasty (256-202 B.C.E) Han Dynasty (206-220 C.E.) Buddhism Sui Dynasty (589-618 C.E.) Text book pages 86-92
  • 2. Qin Dynasty (256-202 B.C.E)• Qin prince defeated last Zhou king- 256 B.C.E.• Prince called himselfShi Huangdi (means 1st emperor) • Ended feudal government too much power to nobles • Established new government that lasted until 1911
  • 3. Shi Huangdi
  • 4. Qin Dynasty• Shi Huangdi • Created strong, central government • Created 36 districts • official appointed for each based on loyalty to Shi Huangdi • Inspectors toured districts
  • 5. Nobles and Peasants• Nobles: • Nobles forced to live in the capital• Peasants • land divided among peasants • Equal land to support family and pay taxes • Public labour & serve in army (still)
  • 6. Qui Accomplishments• Shi Huangdi fought wars to expand China• Improved economy & defenses • Built more roads • Standardized system of money, weights, and measures easier trade • Standardized writing characters easier communication • Constructed the Great Wall linked earlier walls together project lasted 2000 years
  • 7. Shi Huangdi• Despite accomplishments, Shi Huangdi was not a popular emperor • Legalist • Nobles resented losing power and land • Peasants resented public work projects inhumane conditions• Disagreed with Confucianism thought it would weaken the newly established government • Thousands of classis books burned • Scholars and families killed
  • 8. Shi Huangdi• Suspicious man • Feared for his life • Moved frequently • Executed his son • Ordered servants to search for life-preserving potions• 210 B.C.E- Shi Huangdi died • Buried in a great tomb with terra cotta warriors to guard his body • After the death, people revolted against Qin • Generals fought each other, until eventually the Han Dynasty was founded
  • 9. Han Dynasty (206- 220 C.E)• Gaozu- 1st Han emperor • Established capital at Chang’an • Kept centralized Qin system • Eased Qin harsh Legalist policies • Confucian scholars hired as advisors to the emperor • Some Legalist ideas maintained • Government opposition not allowed • Laws remained strict
  • 10. Han Officials• Officials could win positions through merit, not birth • Had to pass difficult exams • Had to show appreciation for art and literature• Sima Qian- government official • Wrote first major Chinese history
  • 11. China Expands• Han waged military campaigns to enlarge the empire • Expanded in the south • Grew to include Manchuria and Korea • Expanded far into central Asia• Expansion into central Asia • Contact with India, Middle East, Africa, and Europe • Silk Road constucted • Trade route linked China with distant lands
  • 12. How do you think the Silk Road affected China?
  • 13. Chinese Economy• Silk Road- economy boomed • Chinese exports: mainly silk increased artisans and merchants • Chinese imports: raw materials• Han emperors continued public works • Roads, canals, irrigation, flood-control, granaries
  • 14. Agriculture• Farmers • Lived in small villages near farms • Market town close by to sell and buy products • Still owed taxes to labour government and participated in public works & army
  • 15. Family• Several generations lived together• Elder male (grandfather)- head of family • Powerful choose children’s spouses and career path • Respected without question• asdf
  • 16. Inventions and Art• Inventions • Paper • Breast-strap harnesses • stirrups • Rudder • compass• Art • Dishes and sculptures out of bronze, gold, and silver
  • 17. Han- Mandate of Heaven Lost• Han lost the Mandate of Heaven • Later emperors were less capable • Natural disasters • some government factions undermined government work• Rebellions broke out • Han Dynasty overthrown • Replaced by “Period of Chaos (220- 589 C.E.) • China fragmented into small kingdoms that competed in trying to form a new dynasty
  • 18. Buddhism• What is Buddhism? • Does not include worship of god(s) • Based on teachings of Siddartha (Indian prince)• Siddartha • Gave up wealth & family • Goal: solve misery of the world • Received enlightenment became Buddha
  • 19. Buddhism- Beliefs• Suffering existed when people were too involved in the physical world• Focus mind to find higher truths • monastery • meditation• Reincarnations • Soul reborn until it finds enlightenment • Enlightenment= seeing the light of truth
  • 20. Buddhism in China• Spread quickly in China• Wealthy & influential people• Appealing faith during political unrest
  • 21. Sui Dynasty (589-618 C.E)• After Han- numerous small kingdoms• 589- kingdom official tried to reunite China defeated other kingdoms• Wendi (emperor)- founded Sui Dynasty• Short, but accomplished a lot
  • 22. Sui Dynasty- Accomplishments• Reunited China• Rebuilt sections of the Great Wall• Revived examination system to elect government officials• ***Constructed the Grand Canal able to ship food from Chang Jiang region north• Chang’an (capital)- became largest city in the world
  • 23. Sui Rule• Cruel • Tried to do too much, too soon • Harsh working conditions• People rebelled Tang Dynasty founded

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