Living Standards

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Living Standards

  1. 1. Standards of Living
  2. 2. UN Human Development Index Standard of Living1) Life expectancy2) Literacy rates3) Gross Domestic Product (income)
  3. 3. Geographers use indicators to determine a country’s living standard literacy Death ratedivorce GDP Life Expectancy
  4. 4. 1) Life ExpectancyAverage Canadian life: late 70s, early 80s Canadian women: Why are they living such long
  5. 5. What is the relationship between literacy rates and fertility? Country Total Fertility Rate Female Literacy Rate % Afghanistan 6.8 14 Australia 1.9 99 Bolivia 4.8 71 Canada 1.7 99 Ecuador 3.7 84 Germany 1.5 99 Guatemala 5.4 47 India 4.0 34 Jamaica 2.8 99 Mexico 3.3 85 Rwanda 8.3 37 United Kingdom 1.8 99
  6. 6. What can you gather from this source? What conclusions can you make?
  7. 7. 2) LiteracyLevels at which a group of peopleis able to read and write effectively Adult and youth literacy rates # of kids to reach the 5th grade Primary and secondary school enrolment Math, science, engineering enrolment Canada is a top performer
  8. 8. 3) Gross Domestic Product (income) Sum total of all goods and services
  9. 9. Compliments of Mr. Marshall3. Gross Domestic ProductThe value of all final goods and services produced in a nation (Data comes from IMF and/or World Bank)
  10. 10. Compliments of Mr. Marshall GDPThink in terms of consumption, investment, (government spending) imports/exportsGDP is usually measured separated in terms of Private and Public (gov’t) spending/wealth Goods Services
  11. 11. Compliments of Mr. MarshallUN Human Development Index 0.950 and over 0.700 - 0.749 0.450 - 0.499 0.900 - 0.949 0.650 - 0.699 0.400 - 0.449 0.850 - 0.899 0.600 - 0.649 0.350 - 0.399 0.800 - 0.849 0.550 - 0.599 under 0.350 0.750 - 0.799 0.500 - 0.549 not available
  12. 12. UN Human Development Index LOWTHREE CATEGORIES: economic LOW technologicalLow human development MEDIUM Medium human development economic MEDIUM technological High human development HIGH economic HIGH technological
  13. 13. Least Liveable-20041. Niger 2. Sierra Leone 3. Burkina Faso 4. Mali 5. Chad
  14. 14. United Nations Development ProgramSub-Saharan African countries Improved countries, like Bangladesh, China, Laos HIV/AIDS
  15. 15. How does development occur?Traditional Economies Industry Development Infrastructure Development Technological Advances = Increased productivity
  16. 16. CPR- 1880s
  17. 17. Developed Economies Diverse wealth generation Strong secondary industries Dominant tertiary industries***Supply and demand of capitalism
  18. 18. What makes it easier for acountry to become developed? Free/fair political system Natural resources High literacy Openness to change
  19. 19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_literacy_rate

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