RecapWhat role did Islam play in the Middle East?Answer: The Arab world would not have expandedwithout Islam- It was the Arab Muslims that carried Arabic traditionsand languages
What is Islam? Islam means: “submission to the will of God.” Islam followers: Muslims Monotheistic 610 C.E. the prophet Muhammad received a revelation from the angel Gabriel Muhammad recorded these revelations in the Qur’an Qur’an writings describe God’s powers and expectations, Judgment Day, etc.
Who was Muhammad? Born 570 C.E. in Mecca (a great trading city) Came for a poor family Became a skilled trader and manager
The Qur’an Muslims accept the Qur’an as the word of God Cannot be changed Includes commandments and parables Religious beliefs, religious duties, and good works are important elements of Islam Other literature: hadith based on what Muhammad said and did Shows Muslims how a Muslim should live and behave Sharia Islamic law
Five Pillars Pillars of faith: duties that a Muslim must follow First- a person openly declare his or her faith Second- Muslims pray often to Allah (custom is 5 times a day) Third- charity Fourth- fasting (during daylight hours during month of Ramadan) Fifth- pilgrimage to Mecca hadj at least once
Five Pillars Considered important for the soul, but also serve other purposes Brings Muslim community together Reminds them to help others
Quiz (ish) Surprise!!!!Don’t worry… it’s a quiz for candy, not marks.
Question 1 What role did Islam play in the Arab world?