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Personality Mapping in Conflict Management and Team Building Dr. D. Dutta Roy, Ph.D. Psychology Research Unit Indian Statistical Institute 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata – 700 108 E-mail: ddroy @ isical .ac.in http://www.isical . ac.in/~ddroy/invt.html Venue : Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata 29.11.08
Participant observation is a set of research strategies which aim to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given group of individuals (such as a religious, occupational, or sub-cultural group, or a particular community) and their practices through an intensive involvement with people in their natural environment, often though not always over an extended period of time.
Malinowski in data collection
INTERVIEW MODEL Least control on Respondent More control on Respondent Informal Unstructured Semi-structured Structured
Probability for variable exploration Structured Unstructured High prob. Low prob
In focus group, a screened (qualified) group of respondents gathers in the same room . There are usually 6 to 10 members in the group, and the session usually lasts for 1 to 2 hours. A moderator guides the group through a discussion that probes attitudes about a client's proposed products or services. The discussion is loosely structured, and the moderator encourages the free flow of ideas.
Lying on a couch (a position imposing a certain state of relaxation), the patient speaks freely of anything that may cross his/her mind, without searching for some specific subject or topic. The flow of his/her thoughts is free, and followed with no voluntary intervention. The important thing is that the critical mind does not intervene to censor spontaneous thoughts. We truly have the drive to censure the products of our thinking, starting from various criteria: moral, ethic, narcissistic, cultural, spiritual. The method of free associations demands us to temporarily give up intellectual censorship and freely speak about any thought.
Freud explored principles of defense mechanisms based on free association techniques.
Unstructured stimuli to which individual responds. Stimuli ranged from complete unstructured to semi structured. Complete unstructured stimuli are inkblots suggested by Swiss Psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922). Projective techniques are used for revealing one’s innermost thoughts and feelings (Rapaport, 1942, 1970).
Rorschach noted the followings:
A large percentage of clearly visualized forms;
Many kinaesthetic influences acting in the perceptive process;
A large number of whole answers;
Good conceptive types – W, W-D, or W-D-Dd;
Optimum rigidity of sequence of mode of apperception (orderlys);
Small percentage of animal answers;
Neither too large nor too small percentage of original answers;
DATA MINING http://www.csu.edu.au/special/auugwww96/proceedings/crawford/crawford.html
Psychometric : It is a study to explain psychological phenomenon (e.g. ability or competency/personality etc.) in terms of measurement principles. It covers measurement principles of test development (Item analysis, assessing reliability, validity, test standardization etc.), and of profile analysis (profile similarity and classification).
Profile : Graphical representation of the correspondence of the set of data.
Profiling : Plotting correspondence of the set of data.
Each party in conflict seeks to give up some thing, sharing occurs, resulting in a compromised outcome. Here no one is loser or winner but solution provides incomplete satisfaction of both parties’ concerns.
How is Personality Mapping related to Conflict management and team building ? Personality Mapping data provides insight About the probability of taking into consideration what types of conflict ( definition , Types ) management styles ( different styles ) are likely to be followed by the individual or by the group.
Dutta Roy,D.(1994) Relative importance of personality factors in discriminating four occupational groups, Indian Journal of Applied Psychology , 31,1,34-38.
Mukerjee,M.and Dutta Roy, D. (1994) A Cross cultural study on similarity of personality profiles of teachers and physicians developed on the basis of 16 PF, Indian Journal of Psychology , 69, 3 & 4, 79-86.
Dutta Roy, D. (1994) Personality structure of teacher s , Indian Educational Review ,25, 34, 89-92.
Dutta Roy, D.(1995) Differences in personality factors of experienced teachers,physicians, bank managers and fine artists , Psychological Studies, 40,1, 51-56.
Dutta Roy, D. (1995) A comment on the similarities in the sixteen PF profiles of Indian and American creative artists , Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 1,(1 & 2), 11-14.
Dutta Roy, D. (1995) Personality profile similarity of Indian and British physicians , Asian Journal of Psychology and Education, 28, 5-6, 5-8.
Dutta Roy, D. (2002) Personality differences across four metropolitan cities of India, Indian Psychological Review , 58,2,71-78.
THANK YOU Publications: http://www.isical.ac.in/~ddroy/abstract.html