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Africities 2009: The challenges and the opportunity
 

Africities 2009: The challenges and the opportunity

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  • We are faced with an urbanzing world – a world in which in 2007 for the first time over half the world’s population lived in cities.
  • We are faced with an urbanzing world – a world in which in 2007 for the first time over half the world’s population lived in cities.
  • Estimate that there were at least 921 million slum-dwellers as of 2001: Residents of slums constitute a staggering 78.2 per  cent of the urban population of the least developed countries and fully a third of the global urban population.29 Extrapolating from the age structures of most Third World cities, at least half of the slum population is under the age of 20.   Oberai, Population Growth, Employment and Poverty in Third World Mega-  Cities, New York 1993, p. 28. In 1980 the 0–19 cohort of big oecd cities was from  19 to 28 per cent of the population; of Third World mega-cities, 40 to 53 per cent.   
  • The region has the youngest population of any region in the world, the second highest urbanization rate and an annual urban growth rate of 4% in the past two decades, second only to Sub-Saharan Africa (Dhillon, 2009).

Africities 2009: The challenges and the opportunity Africities 2009: The challenges and the opportunity Presentation Transcript

  • Youth Development in MENA Cities: A Crisis and an Opportunity Presentation for Africities Marrakesh, Morocco December 17, 2009
  • Global Trends A Rapidly Urbanizing World Year 1970 Year 2000 Year 2020 63% RURAL 37% URBAN 53% RURAL 47% URBAN 44% RURAL 56% URBAN
  • Global Trends A Rapidly Urbanizing World
  • Global Trends A Rapidly Urbanizing World
  • Global Trends in Urban Youth Development
  • Global Trends in Urban Youth Development
  • Global Trends in Urban Youth Development
    • Almost half of the global population is under the age of 24
    • 85% of world’s youth live in developing countries,
    • The majority of slums constitute a staggering 78.2 per  cent of the urban population
    • Of the one billion slum dwellers in the world today, it is estimated that more than 70% are under the age of 30.
  • Urban Youth: Developing a Framework Youth in Transition moving from childhood through to the economic independence of adulthood. The World Bank World Development Report presents three strategic directions for policy makers that provide a valuable framework for understanding how to capitalize on the youth bulge opportunity: broadening opportunities, developing capabilities and providing second chances . Youth and Urban Space Dedicated youth spaces in urban centres have been shown to be key to both the physical and emotional wellbeing of youth. Studies have suggested that the provision of urban space can raise youth’s self-esteem, help them form close and healthy bonds with their peers and become aware of social issues which directly effect them Youth spaces also positively impact key issues such as health, for example lowering HIV AIDS infections
  • Urban Youth: Developing a Framework Policy Recommendation 1 The development of urban centres and programmes for youth that provide for their transitional needs. These spaces should provide job training and support entrepreneurial activities. The centres as well should support the social and physical needs of youth, providing space for recreation, and services in areas such as sexual health, and HIV AIDS prevention and care. Policy Recommendation 2 The development of youth programmes and centres focused on shelter related vocations. These trainings should include lifeskills and entrepreneurship training, and be linked to apprenticeships with local businesses.   Policy Recommendation 3 The development of programmes, and provision of space within established centres, for young women and girls. The programmes should be designed around the needs of young girls and women.    
  • Urban Youth: Developing a Framework Proposed Policy Recommendation Encourage community life and all forms of action which embody democracy and pluralism Policy Recommendation Helping young people to participate fully in community life. Adapting the current partnership for social change and the types of youth organization. Policy Recommendation Encourage the active participation of youth Policy Recommendation Educate all those involved in politics and decision makers to fully take advantage of the valuable contribution that youth can make as active and responsible citizens. Implement from the local up to national level youth policies intersectoral integration and coherence.
  • Urban Youth: Developing a Framework Proposed Policy Recommendation Reviving the Maison de Jeunes. Proposed Policy Recommendation Encouraging young people to become involved in local development and not extras in many events and decisions affecting them are not caught unawares.