MARK TWAIN Also known as:Samuel Langhorne Clemens
BACKGROUND Samuel Langhorne Clemens: Moved to Hannibal, Missouri in 1839, on the Mississippi River Born: November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri. His father passed when he was just 12 years old and soon after begin Parents: John Marshall and Jane writing for his brother Orion’s Moffit Clemens and was the sixth newspaper. “Hannibal Journal” child. Twain contributed reports, poems, Since Samuel was born 2 months and humorous sketches to the Journal premature and therefore he for several years. suffered for the first 10 years with his health.
MISSISSIPPI RIVER Twain persuaded a riverboat pilot by the name of Horace Bixby to teach him the skills of piloting. In April of 1859, Twain had become a licensed riverboat pilot. Mark Twain was established on February 3, 1863. “The phrase, meaning two fathoms deep, was called in making soundings from Mississippi Riverboats”.
BACKGROUND Married: Olivia L. Langdon on February 2, 1870. They had four children. One son Langdon and three daughters: Susy, Clara, and Jean. In 1872, Langdon their infant son died. In 1874, Mark Twain and his family moved into a 19- room house in Hartford, Connecticut.
MARK TWAIN Tw a i n w r o t e t h e m a j o r i t y o f h i s Twain’s Quote: major works at homeTo us, our house…hadheart, and a soul, andeyes to see us with; andapprovals andsolicitudes and deepsympathies; it was ofus, and we were in itsconfidence and lived inits grace and the peaceof its benediction.
A FEW OF TWAIN’S SHORT STORIES AND NOVELS 1873: 1st Novel: Roughing It. The Adventures of Huckleberry title refers to the decades Finn was considered to be succeeding the Civil War. Twain’s greatest work. 1876: The Adventures of Tom 1889: A Connecticut Yankee in Sawyer. Twain’s first major use of King Arthur’s Court. memories of his childhood. 1880: A Tramp Abroad. 1892: The American Claimant. 1882: The Prince and the Pauper. 1894: The Tragedy of Pudd’n 1883: Life on the Mississippi. head Wilson. 1884 in the United Kingdom and 1889: The Man That Corrupted 1885 in the United States: Hadleyburg. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
AS THE HUMOR UNFOLDS Twain was best known as a humorist. “He was a great fictionist and a rough-hewn stylist” (Garland) “His verbal mannerism became a trademark: impassive, diffident, drawling, even bumbling” (Perkins) Twain was constantly the binary man, speaking with a dual voice. His nom de plume, expressed this split personality. “Twain was an improviser, an oral performer depending on an audience for his best effects”. (Perkins)
WHAT OTHER AUTHORS SAID ABOUT TWAIN: He is “A gifted raconteur, distinctive humorist, and irascible moralist, he transcended the apparent limitations of his origins to become a popular public figure and one of Americas best and most beloved writers”. (Author Unknown) “He was, at the very least, already a double creature. He wanted to belong but he also wanted to laugh from the outside”. (Kaplan)
MARK TWAIN With each book Twain focused on a multitude of things here’s a few examples. Huckleberry Finn: was written in the aftermath of Reconstruction after the Civil War. He used realistic language in this novel. Life on the Mississippi: describes the history, sights, people, and legends of the steamboats and towns of the Mississippi River region. The Tragedy of Pudd’n Head Wilson: Twain focused on racial prejudice as the most critical issue facing American society.
HIS FINAL CHAPTER As his career cultivated, he seemed to become more and more removed from the humorous, cocky image of his younger days. Twain Died: April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut of a heart disease He left behind numerous unpublished manuscripts, including his large but incomplete autobiography.
WORKS CITED:Craven, Jackie. The Mark Twain House. About.com. 2007. New York Times Co. http://architecture.about.com/od/housetours/ig/Mark-Twain- House/Mark-Twain-House.-0ia.htmGarland, Hamlin. NAR. June 1910. p. 833Kaplan, Justin. Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain (Simon). 1966. p.18Leninger, Phillip., Perkins, Barbara., Perkins, George. Benet’s Readers Encyclopedia of American Literature. 1991. Harper Collins Publisher.Mark Twain. 2011. A & E Television Networks., http://www.history.com/topics/mark-twain