Building the Digital Commons - 	

an introduction
Open Cultural Data
About	
  the	
  OKFN
!
A not-for-profit organisation, promoting openness in all its forms.	

!
        "From sonnets to sta...
Working	
  Groups	
  -­‐	
  join	
  today!
CKAN is an open source data portal 	

software that makes it easy to publish,	

share and find data.	

!
CKAN features doze...
www.openspending.org	

!
!
!
Open Spending is an open source	

software to visualise and help citizens
better understand h...
We	
  set	
  the	
  standards	
  to	
  open
census.okfn.org
We	
  help	
  to	
  open	
  up	
  data
We	
  promote	
  open	
  data
www.opendatahandbook.org
We	
  develop	
  Guidelines
www.schoolofdata.org
We	
  provide	
  training
Open Knowledge Festival	

Oken Knowledge Conference 	

Open Data Camp	

Open Data Day	

...	

www.okfn.org/events/
We	
  r...
20k in prizes for apps, ideas, data	

430 entries from 	

24 EU Member States	

!
+ 400 participants from	

+ 40 countries...
We	
  build	
  a	
  global	
  Network
Chapters: UK, Germany,Austria, Belgium, Greece and Switzerland	

!
Local groups: Fin...
Please join :)
Open Cultural Data
What happened so far
A revolution
2nd revolution
3rd revolution
...but still
Too many silos
...but why is this?
Artificial scarcity
While information is becoming abundant, 	

access remains limited.
Apple ≠ Knowledge
!
If I share an apple with you, both of us will have half an
apple. If I share knowledge with you we wil...
What are the Commons?
“Resources accessible to all members of a society”	

- Wikipedia
Environmental Examples
AirFishForrest
Non Excludable
Non Excludable
Non Excludable
Non Rivalrous
What is the Digital
Commons?
"An information and knowledge resources that are
collectively created and owned or shared bet...
The premises of the
Digital Commons
Non Excludable Non Rivalrous
Re-Usable
Digital artifacts can be curated, remixed, anno...
Recent ‘open’ concepts
Open Data
Open Data is a concept of openness (similar to open
source, open content, open access, etc) applied to data.	

!...
Open Government Data
Open Government Data has become a major trend in
public administration. It’s a precondition for Open
...
Open Cultural Data
Cultural institutions making digitized artifacts and metadata
available on the internet, for everybody ...
Cultural Institutions
Public Mission
"Enable access to everyone who wants to do research"	

- British Library, Our Mission and 2020Vision	

!
"O...
Why openness matters
to Cultural Institutions
• Helping GLAMs fulfill their public mission	

• Larger audience	

• Allow th...
Great!
Let’s look a some examples...
Internet Archive
• 2001	

• Volunteers &
Institutions	

• 9.000.000 media files	

• Content	

• Various Licenses
Wikimedia Commons
• Volunteer driven	

• Collaboration with
GLAMs	

• 17.000.000 media files	

• Content	

• Clear licensing
Europeana
• 2008	

• ‘European Identity’	

• 28.000.000 records	

• 2600 Institutions	

• Metadata	

• Link to Institution
Digital Public Library
of America
• 2013	

• 2.500.000 records	

• 200 Institutions	

• Metadata	

• Link to Institution
Summary...
• 30.000.000 metadata records	

• 25.000.000 open media files	

• More is coming! Less than 10% digitized at the...
Issues
!
• Worries about the misuse of data and content	

• Legal uncertainties: licensing, orphan works	

• Technical cha...
Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums
=
=
Digital content or data that is free to use, re-
use and re-distribute with...
• A global network of
organizations, institutions
and people who work to
get content and data from
cultural heritage
insti...
openGLAM workshops
openGLAM APIs
openGLAM apps
Vistory - an example
GLAM wiki project
What data are we talking
about?
!
Digitized content and Metadata
Content!
• Digitized artifacts	

• Scanned images	

• Imagery & Photography	

• Maps	

• Transcriptions	

• Annotations	

...
!
• Name of Author	

• Title	

• Date of Creation	

• Size of Painting	

• Transcription	

• Translation	

• Analysis of c...
Step by step
!
How can GLAM institutions make content available on the
internet so it can be accessed and re-used?
1. Digitalization
!
Costs, technical challenges & longtime preservation
2. Clear IP rights
!
Clear intellectual property rights & apply an open license
3. Make it accessible
!
Publish content on the internet
4. Make it discoverable
!
Enhance your content so it can be easily discovered: open
standards, metadata, improved search, ...
Oh no, it’s complicated!
Keep it simple!
What needs to be done
And who can do it.
Policy
!
Top-down approaches to set rules and regulations.
Demand
!
Citizens, civil society organizations, science and private
sector can make a case by creating innovations build o...
Supply
!
Pioneering GLAM institutions can engage and demonstrate
the benefits of opening up content to others through
succe...
Collaboration
!
Visitors and users can actively contribute to aspects of GLAM
collections: Curation, enrichment and improv...
Curating the Commons
!
Users and Experts work hand-in-hand to create & curate the
Digital Commons.
21st Century GLAM
• It remains:	

• The key preserver of our shared cultural heritage	

• An authoritative source of infor...
21st Century GLAM
• It stands to gain:	

• An audience far beyond the wildest dreams of its first
founders	

• Connections ...
Thanks!
Open Knowledge Foundation, www.okfn.org	

Daniel Dietrich, daniel.dietrich@okfn.org @ddie	

open Glam, www.opengla...
Reading
Topic Report: Open Data in Cultural Heritage
Institutions	

http://epsiplatform.eu/content/topic-report-open-data-...
open GLAM - building the digital commons
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open GLAM - building the digital commons

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A presentation on open GLAM - building the digital commons, by Daniel Dietrich at Wikimania 2013 in Hong Kong, www.openglam.org, @OpenGLAM

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open GLAM - building the digital commons

  1. 1. Building the Digital Commons - an introduction Open Cultural Data
  2. 2. About  the  OKFN ! A not-for-profit organisation, promoting openness in all its forms. !         "From sonnets to statistics, genes to geo-data” ! We build tools and communities to create, use and share open knowledge, content and data that everyone can use, share and build on.
  3. 3. Working  Groups  -­‐  join  today!
  4. 4. CKAN is an open source data portal software that makes it easy to publish, share and find data. ! CKAN features dozens of governments' data portals including United Kingdom, Brazil, USA, Finland, Germany and ... www.ckan.org We  build  tools  to  share  data
  5. 5. www.openspending.org ! ! ! Open Spending is an open source software to visualise and help citizens better understand how their tax-money is being spend. ! ! Open Spending features the budget and spending data from dozens of Governments from around the world to become more transparent. ! We  build  tools  to  work  with  data
  6. 6. We  set  the  standards  to  open
  7. 7. census.okfn.org We  help  to  open  up  data
  8. 8. We  promote  open  data
  9. 9. www.opendatahandbook.org We  develop  Guidelines
  10. 10. www.schoolofdata.org We  provide  training
  11. 11. Open Knowledge Festival Oken Knowledge Conference Open Data Camp Open Data Day ... www.okfn.org/events/ We  run  events
  12. 12. 20k in prizes for apps, ideas, data 430 entries from 24 EU Member States ! + 400 participants from + 40 countries + 6 Tracks + 40 sessions ! www.ogdcamp.org We  run  hackdays  and  compeAAons www.opendatachallenge.org
  13. 13. We  build  a  global  Network Chapters: UK, Germany,Austria, Belgium, Greece and Switzerland ! Local groups: Finland, Brazil, Spain, Czech Republic, Italy,Australia, Netherlands, India, South Africa, Bosnia and ... www.okfn.org/local/
  14. 14. Please join :)
  15. 15. Open Cultural Data
  16. 16. What happened so far
  17. 17. A revolution
  18. 18. 2nd revolution
  19. 19. 3rd revolution
  20. 20. ...but still
  21. 21. Too many silos ...but why is this?
  22. 22. Artificial scarcity While information is becoming abundant, access remains limited.
  23. 23. Apple ≠ Knowledge ! If I share an apple with you, both of us will have half an apple. If I share knowledge with you we will both have the same knowledge.
  24. 24. What are the Commons? “Resources accessible to all members of a society” - Wikipedia
  25. 25. Environmental Examples AirFishForrest Non Excludable Non Excludable Non Excludable Non Rivalrous
  26. 26. What is the Digital Commons? "An information and knowledge resources that are collectively created and owned or shared between or among a community and that is, be (generally freely) available to third parties.Thus, they are oriented to favor use and reuse, rather than to exchange as a commodity.”- Mayo Fuster Morell on Wikipedia
  27. 27. The premises of the Digital Commons Non Excludable Non Rivalrous Re-Usable Digital artifacts can be curated, remixed, annotated by anyone
  28. 28. Recent ‘open’ concepts
  29. 29. Open Data Open Data is a concept of openness (similar to open source, open content, open access, etc) applied to data. ! “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.” ! - www. opendefinition.org
  30. 30. Open Government Data Open Government Data has become a major trend in public administration. It’s a precondition for Open Government principles, such as: transparency, participation and collaboration.
  31. 31. Open Cultural Data Cultural institutions making digitized artifacts and metadata available on the internet, for everybody to reuse and build on it.
  32. 32. Cultural Institutions
  33. 33. Public Mission "Enable access to everyone who wants to do research" - British Library, Our Mission and 2020Vision ! "Our core values are: accessibility, sustainability, innovation and cooperation." -National Library of the Netherlands, Our Mission andVision ! "To provide diverse audiences with the best quality experience and optimum access to our collections, physically and digitally." - theVictoria & Albert Museum, Mission and Objectives ! "The Federal Archives have the legal responsibility of permanently preserving the federal archival documents and making them available for use." - German Federal Archives - Responsibilities ! The National Gallery of Denmark is Denmark’s premier museum of art.Through Accessibility, education, and exhibition - Danish National Gallery - Mission
  34. 34. Why openness matters to Cultural Institutions • Helping GLAMs fulfill their public mission • Larger audience • Allow the audiences to participate • Connect and contextualize collections • Keep memory institutions relevant in a Digital Age
  35. 35. Great! Let’s look a some examples...
  36. 36. Internet Archive • 2001 • Volunteers & Institutions • 9.000.000 media files • Content • Various Licenses
  37. 37. Wikimedia Commons • Volunteer driven • Collaboration with GLAMs • 17.000.000 media files • Content • Clear licensing
  38. 38. Europeana • 2008 • ‘European Identity’ • 28.000.000 records • 2600 Institutions • Metadata • Link to Institution
  39. 39. Digital Public Library of America • 2013 • 2.500.000 records • 200 Institutions • Metadata • Link to Institution
  40. 40. Summary... • 30.000.000 metadata records • 25.000.000 open media files • More is coming! Less than 10% digitized at the moment
  41. 41. Issues ! • Worries about the misuse of data and content • Legal uncertainties: licensing, orphan works • Technical challenges: standards, tools • Concerns over lost revenue streams • Attraction of private schemes that lockdown heritage
  42. 42. Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums = = Digital content or data that is free to use, re- use and re-distribute without technical or legal restriction
  43. 43. • A global network of organizations, institutions and people who work to get content and data from cultural heritage institutions openly available for anybody to access, re-use and enjoy
  44. 44. openGLAM workshops
  45. 45. openGLAM APIs
  46. 46. openGLAM apps
  47. 47. Vistory - an example
  48. 48. GLAM wiki project
  49. 49. What data are we talking about? ! Digitized content and Metadata
  50. 50. Content! • Digitized artifacts • Scanned images • Imagery & Photography • Maps • Transcriptions • Annotations • Descriptions • OCR
  51. 51. ! • Name of Author • Title • Date of Creation • Size of Painting • Transcription • Translation • Analysis of content • Further Reading Metadata
  52. 52. Step by step ! How can GLAM institutions make content available on the internet so it can be accessed and re-used?
  53. 53. 1. Digitalization ! Costs, technical challenges & longtime preservation
  54. 54. 2. Clear IP rights ! Clear intellectual property rights & apply an open license
  55. 55. 3. Make it accessible ! Publish content on the internet
  56. 56. 4. Make it discoverable ! Enhance your content so it can be easily discovered: open standards, metadata, improved search, search engine optimization, specialized data catalog software, RDF standards, publish as Linked Open Data.
  57. 57. Oh no, it’s complicated!
  58. 58. Keep it simple!
  59. 59. What needs to be done And who can do it.
  60. 60. Policy ! Top-down approaches to set rules and regulations.
  61. 61. Demand ! Citizens, civil society organizations, science and private sector can make a case by creating innovations build on freely available open cultural data.
  62. 62. Supply ! Pioneering GLAM institutions can engage and demonstrate the benefits of opening up content to others through successful initiatives and best practice.
  63. 63. Collaboration ! Visitors and users can actively contribute to aspects of GLAM collections: Curation, enrichment and improvement, or provide content for new collections.
  64. 64. Curating the Commons ! Users and Experts work hand-in-hand to create & curate the Digital Commons.
  65. 65. 21st Century GLAM • It remains: • The key preserver of our shared cultural heritage • An authoritative source of information and expertise about their collections • Curate, contextualize and tell stories about their collections
  66. 66. 21st Century GLAM • It stands to gain: • An audience far beyond the wildest dreams of its first founders • Connections to other collections that contextualize stories about its objects • A closer connection to its audience (and the improvements to its digital collections that come with that)
  67. 67. Thanks! Open Knowledge Foundation, www.okfn.org Daniel Dietrich, daniel.dietrich@okfn.org @ddie open Glam, www.openglam.org, @OpenGLAM
  68. 68. Reading Topic Report: Open Data in Cultural Heritage Institutions http://epsiplatform.eu/content/topic-report-open-data-cultural- heritage-institutions
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