International perspectives on open data Germany

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Presentation on the state of play on open government and open data in Germany

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International perspectives on open data Germany

  1. 1. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 ! State  of  Play   Open  Data  in  Germany     2013  &  outlook  2014 Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013
  2. 2. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 About  me ! Daniel  Dietrich,  1973,  Berlin,  Germany.   ! Computer  &  Media  ScienLst,  Researcher,  Author,  AcLvist.   ! Extensive  work  on  the  Knowledge  Society,  Open  Government,   Open  Data,  Transparency,  Accountability  and  CiLzen  Engagement.     ! Working  for  the  Open  Knowledge  FoundaLon  since  2009.  Focus  on   Open  Data  technologies  and  policies.  
  3. 3. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 About  the  OKFN ! A  not-­‐for-­‐profit  organizaLon,  promoLng  openness  in  all  its  forms.   !   “Empowering  people  through  open  knowledge”   ! We  build  tools  and  communiLes  to  create,  use  and  share  open   knowledge,  content  and  data  that  everyone  can  use,  share  and   build  on.
  4. 4. Working  Groups  -­‐  join  today! www.okfn.org/wg  
  5. 5. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 ! CKAN  is  an  open  source  data  portal     so_ware  that  makes  it  easy  to  publish,   share  and  find  data.   ! CKAN  features  dozens  of  governments'   data  portals  including  United  Kingdom,   Brazil,  Finland,  Norway  and  ...   www.ckan.org   We  build  tools  to  share  data
  6. 6. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 www.openspending.org   ! Open  Spending  is  an  open  source   so_ware  to  visualize  and  help  ciLzens   beber  understand  how  their  tax-­‐ money  is  being  spend.   ! ! Open  Spending  features  the  budget   and  spending  data  from  dozens  of   Governments  from  around  the  world   to  become  more  transparent.   ! We  build  tools  to  work  with  data
  7. 7. www.opendefiniLon.org We  set  the  standards  to  “open”
  8. 8. census.okfn.org   We  run  an  open  data  census census.okfn.org
  9. 9. We  promote  open  data
  10. 10. www.opendatahandbook.org We  develop  handbooks  &  guidelines www.datajournalismhandbook.org
  11. 11. www.schoolofdata.org We  provide  training
  12. 12. Open  Knowledge  FesLval   Open  Knowledge  Conference     Open  Data  Camp   Open  Data  Day   …   www.okfn.org/events We  run  events
  13. 13. We  build  tools www.okfn.org/projects
  14. 14. We  run  an  open  Lab www.okfnlabs.org
  15. 15. A  global  network  of  communiLes www.okfn.org/local5  Chapters,  14  local  iniLaLves,  26  ambassadors
  16. 16. Same  same,  but  different
  17. 17. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 The  German  Chapter  of Open  Knowledge  FoundaLon
  18. 18. OKF  DE
  19. 19. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 Think  &  Do  Tank ! A  not-­‐for-­‐profit,  non-­‐parLsan  organizaLon,  promoLng  the  release   and  re-­‐use  of  open  knowledge  from  various  domains,  in  parLcular   that  of  government  data.     ! We  aim  to  help  organizaLons  to  open  up  data  and  help  others  to   reuse  the  data. 19
  20. 20. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 PracLcal  Transparency ! We  work  on  technologies  that  enable  greater  transparency  and   accountability  in  public  life.   ! We  focus  on  community  driven  projects  &  technologies  that  enable   ciLzens  to  beber  understand  society  and  to  become  engaged. 20
  21. 21. Project:  Frag  den  Staat www.fragdenstaat.de    
  22. 22. Project:  Stadt  Land  Code www.stadtlandcode.de  
  23. 23. Project:  Offenes  Parlament www.offenesparlament.de  
  24. 24. Projects:  Offene  Entwicklungshilfe www.offene-­‐entwicklungshilfe.de
  25. 25. Project:  Apps  &  the  City www.appsandthecity.de  
  26. 26. Project:  Offene  Daten www.offenedaten.de  
  27. 27. Project:  Offener  Haushalt www.offenerhaushalt.de  
  28. 28. Project:  Frankfurt  gestalten www.frankfurt-­‐gestalten.de
  29. 29. Project:  BundesGit github.com/bundestag/gesetze
  30. 30. foerderreport.kfw.de   Project:  KfW  Förderreport
  31. 31. Project:  Jugend  hackt   www.jugendhackt.de
  32. 32. Project:  Code  for  All     www.codeforall.de
  33. 33. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 State  of  Play Germany  2013/14
  34. 34. A  fragmented  picture Federal  level Federal  state  level Municipality  level
  35. 35. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 Successful  open  data  policies,  depend  on   ! 1. Legal  framework   2. Availability  of  data   3. CondiLons  for  reuse 35
  36. 36. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 1.  Legal  framework   ! • No  coherent  open  data  policy   • NaLonal  data  license   • Weak  implementaLon  of     – PSI  direcLve   – FOI  legislaLon   • GeoZG  &  GeoNutzV  (INSPIRE) 36
  37. 37. NaLonal  data  licenses
  38. 38. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 NOT  a  good  idea! Please  read  the  COMMUNIA  policy   paper  on  the  proposal  to  amend  the   European  DirecLve  on  re-­‐use  of  Public   Sector  InformaLon   38 www.communia-­‐associaLon.org/policy-­‐papers
  39. 39. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 2.  Availability  of  data   ! • NaLonal  portal   • ThemaLc  portals  (geo,  environment,  etc)   • Federal  states  portals   • City  portals 39
  40. 40. NaLonal  portal   census.okfn.org www.govdata.de
  41. 41. Geodata  portal www.geodatenzentrum.de
  42. 42. Berlin  portal daten.berlin.de
  43. 43. Moers  portal offenedaten.moers.de
  44. 44. Great!  But  wait…
  45. 45. Germany’s  Performance  compared www.jugendhackt.de census.okfn.org
  46. 46. Germany’s  Performance census.okfn.org/country/overview/Germany
  47. 47. Germany’s  Performance theodi.github.io/open-­‐data-­‐barometer-­‐viz
  48. 48. Sweden’s  Performance theodi.github.io/open-­‐data-­‐barometer-­‐viz
  49. 49. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 3.  CondiLons  for  reuse ! • High  transacLon  costs     – Availability   – Discoverability   – Interoperability     • technical:  non  open  standards   • legal:  different  licenses   • Charging  PSI 49
  50. 50. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 Remaining  issues  in  Germany ! • Key  datasets  NOT  available   • Pricing  PSI  beyond  marginal  costs   • High  transacLon  costs     – Discoverability   – Interoperability     • Technical  :  open  standards   • Legal  :  standard  open  license 50
  51. 51. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 RecommendaLons ! • A  coherent  open  data  policy,  including:   – Open  by  default!   – Free  of  charge  for  all  reuse  cases   • Lower  transacLon  costs   • Invest  in  Open  Data  training  programs   • Promote  reuse  &    sLmulate  businesses   • Get  ciLzens  &  the  private  sector  engaged 51
  52. 52. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 Is  this  all? 52
  53. 53. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 No! Opening  Data  is  just  the  beginning.   Digital  infrastructure  for  something   bigger:  Open  Government   53
  54. 54. ! Germany  must  join  the  OGP!  and   engage  in  a  truly  open  mulL-­‐ stakeholder  process. www.opengovpartnership.org Open  Government  Partnership  
  55. 55. ! Germany  must  join  the  OGP!  and   engage  in  a  truly  open  mulL-­‐ stakeholder  process  to  make  real   improvements  in  transparency,   accountability,  parLcipaLon  and   innovaLons. www.opengovpartnership.org Open  Government  Partnership  
  56. 56. ! Parliaments  should  endorse  the  DeclaraLon  of  Parliamentary   Openness  and  become  more  transparent  and  accountable. www.openingparliament.org Open  Data  is  not  enough!  
  57. 57. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 Outlook  2014 57
  58. 58. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 There  is  hope… ! • New  government  will  strengthen  open  data   • G8  Open  Data  Charter!   • NaLonal  license  will  be  reworked  (Version  2.0)   • GeoNutzV  will  make  geo-­‐data  available   • Transparency  LegislaLon  on  federal  state  level   • CiLes  are  making  progress   • Civil  society  is  pushing  hard  for  open  by  default 58
  59. 59. Internetdagarna  2013,  Stockholm,  25.11.2013   State  of  Play:  Open  Data  in  Germany  2013/14 ! Open  Knowledge  FoundaLon     www.okfn.org  |  @okfn   ! Daniel  Dietrich   daniel.dietrich@okfn.org   www.ddie.me  |  @ddie Thank  you!  QuesLons?  

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