From e-gov to we-gov

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Presentation on best practice and policy on open data, open government, transparency, citizen engagement

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From e-gov to we-gov

  1. 1. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov GIZ-­‐Delega*on,  Berlin,  April  2013
  2. 2. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov About  me ! Daniel  Dietrich   ! Background  in  Computer  Science  &  Media  Science  in   Frankfurt  &  Berlin,  Germany   ! Working  for  the  Open  Knowledge  Founda*on  since  2009   ! Author  of  several  studies  and  reports  on  Open  Government,  Open   Data,  Transparency  and  Par*cipa*on  
  3. 3. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov About  the  OKFN ! A  not-­‐for-­‐profit  organisa*on,  promo*ng  openness  in  all  its  forms.   !                "From  sonnets  to  sta*s*cs,  genes  to  geo-­‐data”   ! We  build  tools  and  communi*es  to  create,  use  and  share  open   knowledge,  content  and  data  that  everyone  can  use,  share  and   build  on.  
  4. 4. Working  Groups  -­‐  join  today!
  5. 5. ! CKAN  is  an  open  source  data  portal     soWware  that  makes  it  easy  to  publish,   share  and  find  data.   ! CKAN  features  dozens  of  governments'   data  portals  including  United  Kingdom,   Brazil,  Finland,  Norway  and  ...   GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov www.ckan.org   We  build  tools  to  share  data
  6. 6. www.openspending.org   ! Open  Spending  is  an  open  source   soWware  to  visualise  and  help  ci*zens   be[er  understand  how  their  tax-­‐ money  is  being  spend.   ! ! Open  Spending  features  the  budget   and  spending  data  from  dozens  of   Governments  from  around  the  world   to  become  more  transparent.   ! GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov We  build  tools  to  work  with  data
  7. 7. www.opendefini*on.org We  set  the  standards  to  open
  8. 8. census.okfn.org   We  help  to  open  data
  9. 9. We  promote  open  data
  10. 10. www.opendatahandbook.org We  develop  Guidelines
  11. 11.  www.schoolofdata.org   We  provide  training
  12. 12. Open  Knowledge  Fes*val   Oken  Knowledge  Conference     Open  Data  Camp   Open  Data  Day   ...   www.okfn.org/events/ We  bring  people  together
  13. 13. +  400  par*cipants  from   +  40  countries     +  6  Tracks  +  40  sessions   ! www.ogdcamp.org We  run  conferences  and  compe**ons 20k  in  prizes  for  apps,  ideas,  data   430  entries  from     24  EU  Member  States   !www.opendatachallenge.org
  14. 14. www.openglam.org We  care  about  our  cultural  heritage The  open  GLAM  ini*a*ve   promotes  free  and  open  access  to   digital  cultural  heritage  held  by   Galleries,  Libraries,  Archives  and   Museums.   ! !
  15. 15. www.publicdomainreview.org   We  build  the  digital  commons
  16. 16. We  build  tools
  17. 17. We  build  more  tools
  18. 18. We  are  a  global  Network Chapters:  UK,  Germany,  Austria,  Belgium  and  Switzerland   ! Local  groups:  Finland,  Brazil,  Spain,  Czech  Republic,  Italy,  Greece,   Australia,  Netherlands,  India,  South  Africa,  Bosnia  and  ... www.okfn.org/local/  
  19. 19. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov The  German  Chapter  of Open  Knowledge  Founda*on
  20. 20. OKF  DE
  21. 21. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Think  &  Do  Tank ! A  not-­‐for-­‐profit  organisa*on,  promo*ng  the  release,  use  and  re-­‐ use  of  open  knowledge  from  various  domains,  in  par*cular  that  of   government  data.     ! We  work  on  technologies  that  enable  greater  transparency  in   public  life  and  new  spaces  for  ci*zen  par*cipa*on.   21
  22. 22. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Prac*cal  Transparency ! We  seek  a  world  in  which  open  knowledge  is  ubiquitous  and   rou*ne.  We  promote  open  knowledge  because  of  its  poten*al  to   deliver  far-­‐reaching  societal  benefits.   ! We  focus  on  community  driven  projects  &  technology  that  enable   people  to  be[er  understand  society  and  to  become  engaged.     ! 22
  23. 23. Project:  Frag  den  Staat www.fragdenstaat.de    
  24. 24. Project:  Stadt  Land  Code www.stadtlandcode.de  
  25. 25. Project:  Offenes  Parlament www.offenesparlament.de  
  26. 26. Projects:  Offene  Entwicklungshilfe www.offene-­‐entwicklungshilfe.de  
  27. 27. Project:  Apps  &  the  City www.appsandthecity.de  
  28. 28. Project:  Offene  Daten www.offenedaten.de  
  29. 29. Project:  Offener  Haushalt www.offenerhaushalt.de    
  30. 30. Project:  Frankfurt  gestalten www.frankfurt-­‐gestalten.de
  31. 31. Project:  BundesGit github.com/bundestag/gesetze
  32. 32. Project:  KfW  Förderreport foerderreport.kfw.de  
  33. 33. Project:  KfW  Entwicklungsbank   transparenz.kfw-­‐entwicklungsbank.de  
  34. 34. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov
  35. 35. ! § e-­‐Government  is  an  important  tool  to  improve  public  services   and  help  for  be[er  communica*on  between  Governments  and   Ci*zens     § Open  Government  and  Open  Data  is  a  strategy  to  increase   Government  Transparency  and  Accountability  and  Ci*zen   Par*cipa*on.   § This  is  culture  change  about  how  Governments  and  Ci*zens   interact  and  cooperate  towards  to  a  “Government  of  the   people,  by  the  people,  for  the  people”:  we-­‐gov!   ! ! *  President  Abraham  Lincoln’s  Ge[ysburg  Address,  1863 Related  but  different!  
  36. 36. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov e-­‐Government
  37. 37. E-­‐Government  Development  Survey   www.unpan3.un.org/egovkb
  38. 38. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Open  Government   game  changer  or  hype?
  39. 39. ! “We  might  hope  to  see  the  finances  of  the  Union  as  clear  and   intelligible  as  a  merchant's  books  so  that  every  member  of   congress  and  every  man  of  any  mind  ...  should  be  able  to   comprehend  them,  to  inves<gate  abuses,  and  consequently   control  them.”   ! President  Thomas  Jefferson  to  Treasury  Secretary  Albert  Galla*n,  1802   ! New  &  old  ideas  
  40. 40. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov So  -­‐  whats  new?
  41. 41. Open  Government  trailblazers  
  42. 42. Open  Government   ! “My  Administra*on  is  commi[ed  to  crea*ng  an  unprecedented   level  of  openness  in  Government.    We  will  work  together  to   ensure  the  public  trust  and  establish  a  system  of  transparency,   public  par*cipa*on,  and  collabora*on.  Openness  will  strengthen   our  democracy  and  promote  efficiency  and  effec*veness  in   Government.”   ! § Government  should  be  transparent   § Government  should  be  par*cipatory     § Government  should  be  collabora*ve
  43. 43. Using  technology  and  open  data...   Text &  people  &  the  power  of  the  web
  44. 44. ! § supports  ci*zens  to  hold  government  to  account,  which  can   reduce  corrup*on  and  mismanagement.     § supports  ci*zens  to  be[er  understand  why  and  how  decisions   are  made,  which  can  help  rebuild  trust.   § supports  ci*zens  to  make  informed  decisions  and  engage  with   the  government,  thus  playing  an  ac*ve  role  in  society.   § supports  government  and  public  administra*on  to  make  be[er   decisions  and  thus  to  increase  efficiency  and  effec*veness.   § supports  governments,  ci*zens,  academia  and  the  private   sector  to  work  together  and  collabora*vely  find  be[er   solu*ons.   Why  open  data  ma[ers  
  45. 45. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! Data  is  not  a  means  in  itself  -­‐  it  needs  to  be  used  to  create  value.   For  data  to  be  reusable  it  needs  to  be  technically  and  legally   open.     ! “A  piece  of  content  or  data  is  open  if  anyone  is  free  to  use,  reuse,   and  redistribute  it  for  any  purpose  -­‐  without  any  restric*ons”   ! What  is  open  data    www.opendefini*on.org  
  46. 46. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! § Experts  within  the  open  government  data  community  have   established  a  set  of  principles  for  open  data:     ! § 8  open  government  data  principles  by  the  Open  Government   Working  Group,  2008   ! § 10  principles  for  opening  up  government  informa*on  by  the   Sunlight  Founda*on,  2010 Best  prac*ce  for  open  data  
  47. 47. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! Sir  Tim  Berners-­‐Lee,  the  inventor     of  the  World  Wide  Web,  has     introduced  a  5-­‐Star-­‐Scheme     ! You  get  the  first  (big!)  star  if  the     informa*on  has  been  made     public  under  an  open  licence.   Without  the  first  star  you     can  not  get  the  others! Follow  the  stars  
  48. 48. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! § OGD  is  not  a  magic  panacea!  Opening  up  government  data  will   neither  stop  climate  change  nor  eliminate  corrup*on!   § OGD  is  infrastructure  and  prerequisite  for  transparency,   accountability  and  par*cipa*on.   § Unfortunately  the  real  works  only  begins  once  the  data  is   open! Managing  expecta*ons  
  49. 49. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Open  Government state  of  play
  50. 50. census.okfn.org What  data  is  available  
  51. 51. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! § Start  with  low-­‐hanging-­‐fruits   – Those  datasets  that  are  already  available  in  machine-­‐processable   formats.  Data  that  can  be  easily  be  published  for  reuse.   ! § Start  with  data  that  really  ma[ers   – Elec*on  Results,  Company  Register,  Na*onal  Map,  Detailed   Government  Budget  and  Spending  data,  Legisla*on  like  laws  and   statutes,  Parliamentary  protocols  and  documents,  Na*onal  Sta*s*cal   Office  Data,  Na*onal  Postcode/ZIP  database,  Public  Transport   Timetables,  Environmental  Data  on  major  sources  of  pollutants. What  data  first  
  52. 52. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! § Legal  Openness   – Is  the  data  in  a  public  domain?    Can  it  be  re-­‐used  without  restric*ons?   ! § Technical  Openness   – Is  the  data  available  in  standard  machine-­‐readable  formats?   ! § Relevance   – What  kind  of  data  is  most  useful  to  the  public?    Is  this  data  available? Opening  data  
  53. 53. ! Implemen*ng  Open  Government  Data  tools  and  infrastructure   don’t  have  to  be  complicated  and  expensive.     ! § Keep  it  simple!     § Avoid  5-­‐year  plans  and  mul*-­‐million  $  solu*ons!   § Allow  for  itera*ve  process  and  experiments! GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Oh  no!  Thats  complicated  
  54. 54. ! "It  has  to  start  at  the  top,  in  the  middle,  and  at  the  bo[om",  as   Tim  Berners-­‐Lee  observed  in  an  interview.*   ! § Top-­‐level  poli*cal  commitment   ! § An  engaged  and  well-­‐resourced  "middle  layer"  of  skilled   government  bureaucrats;  and   ! § Bo[om  up:  Civil  society,  and  in  par*cular  a  small  but   mo*vated  group  of  "civic  hackers"   ! *  Open  Data  Study  2010 How  to  start  
  55. 55. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov What  Governments  can  do
  56. 56. ! The  Open  Government   Partnership  is  an  ini*a*ve  of  56   countries  commiwng  to  take   ac*on  on  transparency,   accountability,  ci*zen   par*cipa*on  and  innova*on. www.opengovpartnership.org Open  Government  Partnership  
  57. 57. ! § 'Open  Data'  and  'E-­‐Government'  are  the  most  popular   commitments  across  the  Partnership     § Commitments  to  legisla*ve  reforms  such  as  freedom  of   informa*on  or  measures  on  an*-­‐corrup*on  are   underrepresented   § Why  is  this?   GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov *  OGP  ac*on  plan  analysis  by  Global  Integrity  2012 Sewng  the  focus  
  58. 58. ! § Open  Government  is  NOT  mainly  about  be[er  public  service   delivery   § Open  Government  is  about  ci*zen  engagement,  government   transparency  and  accountability   GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Understand  the  cultural  change  
  59. 59. ! § Governments  should  focus  on  serious  legisla*ve  reform,  and   engage  with  ci*zens  and  NOT  on  crea<ng  shiny-­‐web-­‐ interfaces!   § Governments  should  set  up  a  suppor*ng  environment  for   OGD.   § Government  should  publish  data  &  become  a  plaBorm  for   others  to  build  value  added  services  upon.   ! GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Legislate,  don’t  innovate  
  60. 60. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Parliaments  should  endorse  the  Declara*on  of  Parliamentary   Openness  and  become  more  transparent  and  accountable. www.openingparliament.org Parliamentary  transparency  
  61. 61. ! Tim  O’Reilly  encourages  Governments  to  embrace  open   standards  and  open  source  technology  to  build  lightweight  web   applica*ons  for  an  open  data  ecosystem. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Why  interoperability  ma[ers  
  62. 62. Leading  by  best  prac*ce   Crea*ng  single  entry  points  to  all   government  informa*on  and   services.  Simpler,  clearer,  faster.
  63. 63. Leading  by  best  prac*ce   Crea*ng  single  entry  points  to  all   government  informa*on  and   services.  Simpler,  clearer,  faster.
  64. 64. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov What  ci*zens  can  do
  65. 65. Parliamentary  Monitor  Organisa*ons  are   increasingly  using  open  data  and  ICT  to  hold   Parliaments  and  MPs  to  account. www.sejmometr.pl Parliamentary  monitoring  
  66. 66. www.sejmometr.pl Parliamentary  monitoring   www.opencongress.org
  67. 67. www.fixmystreet.com Helping  the  society  
  68. 68. ! § Some  of  the  best  public  services  today  are  not  build  by   Governments  but  by  civil  society  and  private  companies.   § Examples  being  ‘fix  my  street’  by  mySociety.  Tomorrow  most  of   such  services  will  have  to  go  mobile.  Do  we  really  think   governments  should  build  all  this?   § I  think  we  be[er  not! GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov Ac*ve  ci*zens  &  civic  apps  
  69. 69. GIZ-­‐Delega*on  on  e-­‐Government,  April  2013   From  e-­‐gov  to  we-­‐gov ! Open  Knowledge  Founda*on     www.okfn.org  |  @okfn   ! Daniel  Dietrich   daniel.dietrich@okfn.org   www.ddie.me  |  @ddie Thank  you!  

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