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  • 1. Principles for Re-Education -- Thomas Hobbs
  • 2. Life is to be lived now Not in the past and in the future only as a present challenge.
  • 3. Trust between a child and an adult is essential.
  • 4.
    • Trust is the glue that holds teaching and learning together .... The first step in the reeducation process is to help the young person make a new and very important distinction that adults can be counted on as predictable sources of support, understanding and affection.
  • 5. Competence Makes A Difference
  • 6.
    • … .. children and adolescents should be helped to be good at something, and especially at schoolwork. School is near the center of a child's life and that is the natural fulcrum for efforts to help children in trouble ....
  • 7. Time is an ally.
  • 8.
    • Time is an ally, working on the side of growth in a period of development when life has a tremendous forward thrust. A broken bone knits more rapidly at six and sixteen than at sixty; we assume a comparable vitality in the psychological domain.
  • 9. Self control can be taught
  • 10.
    • Self-control can be taught and children and adolescents helped to manage their behavior without the development of psychodynamic insight . Children and adolescents get rejected in large part because of identifiable behaviors that are regarded as unacceptable by family, friends, school or community .... A first step in this process is to help them unlearn particular habits …
  • 11. Intelligence can be taught.
  • 12.
    • Intelligence can be taught. Intelligence is a dynamic, evolving, and malleable capacity for making good choices in living.
  • 13. Feelings should be nurtured.
  • 14.
    • Feelings should be nurtured, shared spontaneously, controlled when necessary, expressed when too long repressed, and explored with trusted others .... Positive feelings are important, too. The simple joy of companionship is encouraged.
  • 15. The Group is Very Important.
  • 16. The group is very important to young people, and it can become a major source of instruction in growing up. When a group is functioning well, it is difficult for an individual student to behave in a disturbing way.
  • 17. Ceremony gives order.
  • 18.
    • Ceremony and ritual give order, stability, and confidence to troubled children and adolescents, whose lives are often in considerable disarray.
  • 19. The body is the armature of the self.
  • 20.
    • The body is the armature of the self, the physical self around which the psychological self is constructed.
  • 21. Communities must be experienced.
  • 22.
    • Communities are important for children and youth, but the uses and benefits of community must be experienced to be learned.
  • 23. A child should know some joy each day.
  • 24. I’d rather graduate one happy street sweeper than a thousand neurotic prime ministers. - A. S. Neill, Summerhill
  • 25.
    • A child should know some joy in each day and look forward to some joyous event for the morrow. There is an extensive literature on anxiety, guilt and dread, but little that is well developed on joy.
  • 26.