Free powerpoints at http://www.worldofteaching.com Paulo Freire (1921-1997) Brazilian born teacher, writer, theorist, activist, public official Transformative Education Critical Pedagogy Praxis Critical Literacy / Dialogue
We are all biased!
“Washing one's hands of the conflict between the powerful and the powerless means to side with the powerful, not to be neutral.”
“ the essence of education is the practice of freedom"
"The culture of the dominant class hinders the affirmation of men as beings of decision."
Dehumanization , although a concrete historical fact, is not a given destiny but the result of an unjust order that engenders violence in the oppressors, which in turn dehumanizes the oppressed"
“The more people participate in the process of their own education …the more people participate in the development of their selves. The more people become themselves, the better the democracy.”
Dialogue / Narrative
"Trust is established by dialogue."
"Faith in people is an a priori requirement for dialogue."
"Some may think that to affirm dialogue--the encounter of women and men in the world in order to transform the world--is naively and subjectively idealistic. There is nothing, however, more real or concrete than people in the world and with the world, than humans with other humans."
Dialogue cannot exist without humility."
"Dialogue cannot exist, however, in the absence of a profound love for the world and its people."
The Banking Concept
"They call themselves ignorant and say the 'professor' is the one who has knowledge and to whom they should listen."
Banking vs Critical thinking
"Implicit in the banking concept is the assumption of a dichotomy between human beings and the world: a person is merely in the world, not with the world or with others; the individual is spectator, not re-creator."
"Almost never do they realize that they, too, 'know things' they have learned in their relations with the world."
"Education as the practice of freedom--as opposed to education as the practice of domination
"Those who are served by the present limit-situation regard the untested feasibility as a threatening limit-situation which must not be allowed to materialize, and act to maintain the status quo."
Whether one calls this correct thinking 'revolutionary consciousness' or 'class consciousness,' it is an indispensable precondition of revolution. The dominant elites are so well aware of this fact that they instinctively use all means, including physical violence, to keep people from thinking."
Freedom is acquired by conquest, not by gift. It must be pursued constantly and responsibly.
"Freedom is acquired by conquest, not by gift. It must be pursued constantly and responsibly. Freedom is not an ideal located outside of man; nor is it an idea which becomes myth. It is rather the indispensable condition for the quest for human completion."
Recommended Writing / Viewing His Philosophy: subtitled video (6 min.)