Essential English
Classroom Rules 매일 수업 시간에 영어책 ,  노트 ,  연필 ,  지우개를 가져오세요 Bring your English book,  notebook, pencil and eraser  to class ev...
Classroom Rules 자기 것이 아닌 물건은 만지지 마세요 .  손을 자신에게 두세요 .  Do not touch things  that do not belong to you.  Keep your hands to...
Classroom Rules 몸을 깨끗이 하세요 .  Clean up after yourself. 나갈 때 의자를 밀어 넣으세요 .  Push your chair in when you leave.
Classroom Rules 선생님한테  " 배고파요 ,  목말라요 ,  사탕주세요 ,  샌드위치주세요 ,  물주세요 ,  커피주 세요 ,  주세요 " 라고 하지 마세요   Do not complain...
Classroom Rules 선생님 허락 없이 영어 교실에 들어가지 마세요 .  No students allowed  in English classroom  without a teacher.
Classroom Rules 선생님 책상 뒤로 가지 마세요 .  Do not go behind the teachers’ desk. No Teacher? No Students!
Essential English Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Essential English <ul><li>Alphabet game </li></ul><ul><li>Pick teams </li></ul><ul><li>Each team pick one writer </li></ul...
Essential English Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Apple Banana Cat Dog Elephant April Bear Cow December English __________ __________ _____...
Essential English Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj   February George House Indian January __________ __________ __________ __________ ______...
Essential English Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Kangaroo Little Month November October __________ __________ __________ __________ ______...
Essential English Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Pirate Queen Radio Snake Tuesday __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ _...
Essential English Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Unicorn Violin Wednesday X-ray Yellow __________ __________ __________ __________ _______...
Essential English Phonics “ TH”  sound
Essential English Whats this? Three
Essential English Whats this? Thumb
Essential English Whats this? Thunder (and lightning)
Essential English Whats this? Mouth
Essential English Whats this? Moth
Essential English Whats this? Earth
Essential English Whats this? Tooth
Essential English Whats this? Thread
Essential English Whats this? Bath
Essential English Whats this? Thorn
Essential English Phonics “ SH”  sound
Essential English Whats this? Sheep
Essential English Whats this? Shell
Essential English Whats this? Shirt
Essential English Whats this? Shoe
Essential English Whats this? Shadow
Essential English Whats this? Shelf
Essential English Whats this? Shark
Essential English Whats this? Fish
Essential English Whats this? Wash
Essential English Whats this? Push
Essential English Plurals
Essential English Word Plurals chairs
Essential English Word Plurals ducks
Essential English Word Plurals books
Essential English Word Plurals balls
Essential English Word Plurals grapes
Essential English Word Plurals pencils
Essential English Word Plurals boxes
Essential English Word Plurals foxes
Essential English Word Plurals toothbrushes
Essential English Word Plurals watches
Essential English Word Plurals glasses
Essential English Word Plurals B uses
Essential English Word Plurals monkeys
Essential English Word Plurals baby
Essential English Word Plurals puppy
Essential English Word Plurals candies
Essential English Word Plurals keys
Essential English Word Plurals boys
Essential English Position Phrases
Essential English The cat is  in  the box.
Essential English The cat is  on  the box.
Essential English The cat is  in front of  the box.
Essential English The cat is  beside  the box.
Essential English The cat is  behind  the box.
Essential English The cat is  under  the box.
Essential English The cat is  between  the boxes.
Essential English The cat is jumping  over  the box.
Essential English Compound Words
Essential English Each picture has a name say each picture word and you find the compound word
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조 지 Jo-ji George English  Study Book
Essential English Numbers
Essential English <ul><li>One 6 Six </li></ul><ul><li>Two 7 Seven </li></ul><ul><li>Three 8 Eight </li></ul><ul><li>Four 9...
Essential English <ul><li>Eleven   16 Sixteen </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve   17 Seventeen </li></ul><ul><li>Thirteen  18 Eight...
Essential English 21 Twenty-one 40 Forty 22 Twenty-two 50 Fifty 23 Twenty-three 60 Sixty 24 Twenty-four 70 Seventy 25 Twen...
Essential English <ul><li>One Hundred </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 One Thousand </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 Ten Thousand </li></ul...
Essential English Ordinal Numbers
Essential English 1 st First 11 th Eleventh 2 nd Second 12 th Twelfth 3 rd Third 13 th Thirteenth 4 th Fourth 14 th Fourte...
Essential English 21 st Twenty-first 22 nd Twenty-second 23 rd Twenty-third 24 th Twenty-fourth 25 th Twenty-fifth 26 th T...
Essential English 40 th Fortieth 50 th Fiftieth 60 th Sixtieth 70 th Seventieth 80 th Eightieth 90 th Ninetieth 100 th One...
Essential English English quiz answers Thank you ( 감사합니다 )  You’re Welcome ( 괜찮아요 )    ( 재미있어요 )  It’s Fun!
Essential English Calendar
Essential English Months of the Year 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June
Essential English Months of the Year 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December
Essential English Days of the week Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Essential English <ul><li>1. How old are you? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am _______ years old. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><l...
Essential English Yesterday 어제   Today 오늘   Tomorrow 내일   Last week 지난 주   This week 이번 주   Next week 다음 주
Essential English C o l o r s
Essential English Red Red Red apple Stop sign Lady bug strawberry lips
Essential English Orange carrot pumpkin Gold fish fire
Essential English Yellow banana flower bird raincoat corn chick Taxi cab
Essential English Blue Blue Blue Blue Blue bird The sky A blue fish blueberries A shark A butterfly
Essential English Purple Purple Purple Purple
Essential English Green Green Green Green Green
Essential English Brown
Essential English Gray Gray Gray Gray
Essential English Black
Essential English White
Essential English Pink Pink Pink Pink
Essential English Peach
Essential English Silver
Essential English Gold
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Essential English What color are Tigers? What color are Leopards? What color are Zebras?
Essential English What color are Cows? What color are Clownfish? What color are Ladybugs?
Essential English What color are Dalmations? What color are Bees? What color are Giraffes?
Essential English How to Say the Colors in Many Languages: brun marrón koréechneviy castanho marrone braun brun brown 갈색  ...
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Essential English Making Friends Making Conversation
Essential English Hello, My Name is __________,  What is your name? Hi, My name’s __________,  What’s your name? Hi, I’m _...
Essential English My Name’s _________, nice to meet you! Nice to meet you, too!
Essential English Greetings Good morning (before 12:00pm) Good afternoon (after 12:00pm) Good evening (after 6:00pm) Good ...
Essential English Greetings Hello. How are you? I’m fine thank you, and you?
Essential English Other Greetings How-are-you-doing? “ Howyadoin?” How’s it going? What’s happening? What’s up? What’s goi...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>How are you?   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How are you today?   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fi...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Not too well, actually.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What's wrong with you?  </li></ul></ul><...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Good bye.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bye. / See you.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you la...
Essential English Study Book 5
Essential English <ul><li>How old are you? </li></ul><ul><li>I am _______ years old. </li></ul><ul><li>When is your birthd...
Essential English <ul><li>How tall are you? </li></ul><ul><li>I am _______ (feet/inches) tall. </li></ul><ul><li>How much ...
Essential English <ul><li>Where are you from? </li></ul><ul><li>I am from _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you ...
Essential English <ul><li>Do you have any pets? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I have _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>No, I don...
Essential English Who are your friends? My friends are… __________ __________ __________ __________
Essential English When is their birthday?? My friends birthdays are… __________  __________ __________  __________ _______...
Essential English How Old are your friends??? My friends are… __________  __________  __________  __________  __________  ...
 
 
 
 
Essential English Study Book 6
Essential English Thank-you.  You’re welcome (My pleasure) kam sa hamnida ( 감사합니다 )  guen chun nay oh( 괜찮아요 ) Excuse me (P...
Essential English BIG little words Who?   누구세요 What ? 뭐예요 Where ? 어디 When ? 언제 Why ? 왜요 How ? 어떻게
Essential English BIG little words Who made this mess? What are you doing? Where are you going? When is this class over? W...
Essential English BIG little words How far? How many? 몇개예요 ? How much? 얼마예요 ? Where is? 어디있습니까 ?  What’s this? 이건뭐에요 ?
Essential English BIG little words I’m busy now. Na pah bayo. 나 바빠요 . Don’t do that! Gu ro ji ma! 그러지마 ! Look at me! Yo gi...
Essential English
Essential English I’m Lost! Excuse me, can you help me… Where is…
Essential English Go Strait Turn Right Left Near Next to Behind In front of Between
Essential English Go strait (through the door) Go up ( 위로가다 ) /Go down ( 아래로가다 ) Turn left ( 왼쪽으로돌다 )/ turn right ( 오른쪽으로돌...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Asking and Giving Directions   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do I get to ...?  </li></u...
Essential English Family
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father, dad, daddy (Apa)  엄마 </li></ul>...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather, granddad , grandpa (Harabo...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather, granddad , grandpa (Harabo...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>boyfriend  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>father-in-law  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul>...
Essential English Body Parts
Essential English Body Parts Skin Head , hair, forehead, face, forehead, cheeks, chin, jaw,  Ears, earlobes Eyes, eyelashe...
Essential English Body Parts
Essential English Clothes
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Essential English Clothing Underwear Panties Briefs, Boxers Shirt Blouse T-shirt Sweater Jeans (Pants) Dress Shorts Skirt ...
Essential English Time
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Essential English 8:00  Eight O’clock
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Essential English 7:15  Seven fifteen  /  Quarter past Seven
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Essential English 6:30  Six thirty  Half past six
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Essential English 8:45  Eight forty-five  Quarter to Nine
Essential English   2:30 9:30 6:30 8:45
Essential English USA Money
Essential English American Money One Penny One Cent $0.01 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln  Memorial
Essential English American Money One Nickel Five Cents $0.05 Thomas Jefferson  Monticello
Essential English American Money One Dime Ten Cents $0.10 Franklin D. Roosevelt torch, oak branch, olive branch
Essential English American Money One Quarter Twenty-five Cents $0.25 George Washington  American Eagle (Before 1999)
Essential English American Money New Quarter back After 1999
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back
Essential English American Money New Quarter back 2007 Montana Washington Idaho   Wyoming Utah  2008 Oklahoma New Mexico A...
Essential English American Money One Half-dollar Fifty Cents $0.50 John F. Kennedy The Great Seal of the  President of the...
Essential English American Money One Dollar One hundred Cents $1.00 Sacagawea Eagle in flight
Essential English American Money
Essential English American Money
Essential English American Money
Essential English American Money
Essential English American Money
Essential English American Money
Essential English Pets
Essential English Opposites
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Big </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Small </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Small and Big are opposites </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>A turtle is slow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the opposite of slow? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Fast  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rabbit is  fast </li></ul></ul>
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Essential English More opposites Win Lose Heads Tails Boy Girl Buy Sell Light Dark Stand Sit White Black Easy Hard Begin E...
Essential English Pets
Essential English Dog
Essential English Cat
Essential English Fish
Essential English Rabbit
Essential English Bird
Essential English Hamster
Essential English Guinea Pig
Essential English One Mouse, Two Mice
Essential English Horse
Essential English Turtle
Essential English Lizard
Essential English Gecko
Essential English Iguana
Essential English Snakes
Essential English Pig / piglets
Essential English Chicken Hen Rooster
Essential English Goat
Essential English Sheep
Essential English Cow
Essential English Animals A to Z
Essential English Alligator
Essential English Bear
Essential English Camel Cheetah
Essential English Deer Donkey Duck
Essential English Elephant
Essential English Fox
Essential English Gorilla Giraffe
Essential English Hippopotamus
Essential English Insect
Essential English Jellyfish
Essential English Kangaroo Koala
Essential English Lion
Essential English Monkey Mosquito
Essential English Newt
Essential English Owl Octopus
Essential English Penguin Panda
Essential English Quail
Essential English Raccoon Rhinoceros
Essential English Shark
Essential English Tiger
Essential English Urial
Essential English Vampire bat Viper
Essential English Walrus
Essential English Wasp
Essential English X
Essential English Yak
Essential English Zebra
Wow! Pets
Essential English I like…  I don’t like…
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Essential English spiders cake cheese
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Essential English <ul><ul><li>Shop Assistant   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can I help you?  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Shop Assistant   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much / many would you like?  </li></ul><...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Customer  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I need ...  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I'd...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Customer  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have you got this in another size / color?  </li></...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Appearance  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am / You are / He is / She is …   </li></ul></u...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Appearance  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I have / You have / He has / She has (got) … ...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Clothing and Accessories   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I wear / You wear / He wears /...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Character  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am / You are / He is / She is …   </li></ul></ul...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a pencil </li></ul></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s an eraser </li></ul></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a pencil sharpener </li></ul><...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a “sharp” pencil </li></ul></u...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>Sight seeing eyes Touch feeling fingers Hear listening ears Smell sm...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>I see with my eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you see? </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two volunteers...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Sight is the one sen...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul>1. Ears help us to hear. 2. There...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing activity </li></ul></ul>Pair up students Give li...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>Some things smell good, and some th...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>Name something that you like to sme...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>Tongues have tastebuds.
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste Activity </li></ul></ul>Some things taste…  sour o...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>Some things feel…  hard or soft smo...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name something...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>생일축하합니다 .  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>생일축하합니다 .  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>American Holidays </li></ul></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>January </li></ul></ul></ul>New Year's Day: January 1  Martin Luther King,  Jr's  Birthd...
Essential English January 1 New Years Day An international celebration celebrating the first day of the gregorian calendar...
Essential English Third Monday in January  Martin Luther King Jr. Day &quot; I have a dream... I have a dream that one day...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>Groundhog Day: February 02  Lincoln's Birthday: February 12...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>Groundhog Day: February 02
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>V alentine's Day, a holiday honoring love and lovers, is ce...
Essential English Third Monday in February  Presidents Day Presidents' Day  is the common name for the United States feder...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>March </li></ul></ul></ul>St. Patrick's Day: March 17 Mardi Gras:
Essential English <ul><li>The History of Mardi Gras </li></ul><ul><li>             Mardi Gras came to New Orleans through ...
Essential English The History of St. Patricks Day On St. Patrick's Day there are many different customs that people do. On...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>April Fool's Day: April 1  Easter : Sunday, April 16  Earth Da...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>T raditions associated with the holiday is the  Easter rabbit ...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>April Fools Day
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>Cinco de Mayo: May 5  Mother's Day : Sunday, May 14  Memorial Da...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>May 5th  Cinco de Mayo a
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>Third Sunday in May  Mothers Day a
Essential English Last Monday in May  Memorial Day Memorial Day  is a  United States   federal holiday  that is observed o...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>June </li></ul></ul></ul>Flag Day: June 14  Father's Day : Sunday, June 18
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>July </li></ul></ul></ul>US Independence Day : July 4
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>July </li></ul></ul></ul>July 4th  Independence Day In the  United States ,  Independenc...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>August </li></ul></ul></ul>
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>September </li></ul></ul></ul>Labor Day: Monday, September 4
Essential English First Monday in Septamber  Labor Day Labor Day  is a  United States   federal holiday  that takes place ...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>October </li></ul></ul></ul>Columbus Day: October 09  Halloween : October 31
Essential English 2nd Monday in October  Columbus Day Columbus Day falls officially on October 12 and is celebrated on the...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>October </li></ul></ul></ul>H alloween is one of the oldest holidays with origins going ...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>November </li></ul></ul></ul>All Saint's Day: November 1  All Soul's Day: November 2  Ve...
Essential English November 11th  Veterans Day Veterans' Day , formerly called  Armistice Day , is the day the  United Stat...
Essential English 4th Thursday in November  Thanksgiving Day a
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>November </li></ul></ul></ul>I n 1621, after a hard and devastating first year in the Ne...
Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>December </li></ul></ul></ul>World Aids Day: December 1  Chanukah  (Begins at Sundown*):...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One poin...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place </...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher t...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher t...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To intro...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of: appr...
Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For: cal...
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Essential English

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Essential English

  1. 1. Essential English
  2. 2. Classroom Rules 매일 수업 시간에 영어책 , 노트 , 연필 , 지우개를 가져오세요 Bring your English book, notebook, pencil and eraser to class everyday.
  3. 3. Classroom Rules 자기 것이 아닌 물건은 만지지 마세요 . 손을 자신에게 두세요 . Do not touch things that do not belong to you. Keep your hands to yourself.
  4. 4. Classroom Rules 몸을 깨끗이 하세요 . Clean up after yourself. 나갈 때 의자를 밀어 넣으세요 . Push your chair in when you leave.
  5. 5. Classroom Rules 선생님한테 &quot; 배고파요 , 목말라요 , 사탕주세요 , 샌드위치주세요 , 물주세요 , 커피주 세요 , 주세요 &quot; 라고 하지 마세요 Do not complain to the teacher, “ I am hungry, thirsty, give me candy, give me sandwich, give me water, give me coffee, give me, give me, give me…” 이건 버릇없어요 . This is not polite.
  6. 6. Classroom Rules 선생님 허락 없이 영어 교실에 들어가지 마세요 . No students allowed in English classroom without a teacher.
  7. 7. Classroom Rules 선생님 책상 뒤로 가지 마세요 . Do not go behind the teachers’ desk. No Teacher? No Students!
  8. 8. Essential English Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
  9. 9. Essential English <ul><li>Alphabet game </li></ul><ul><li>Pick teams </li></ul><ul><li>Each team pick one writer </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone come up with as many words as you can for each letter of the Alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Speak very quietly, or the other team will hear your words! You have TEN minutes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Essential English Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Apple Banana Cat Dog Elephant April Bear Cow December English __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  11. 11. Essential English Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj February George House Indian January __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  12. 12. Essential English Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Kangaroo Little Month November October __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  13. 13. Essential English Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Pirate Queen Radio Snake Tuesday __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  14. 14. Essential English Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Unicorn Violin Wednesday X-ray Yellow __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  15. 15. Essential English Phonics “ TH” sound
  16. 16. Essential English Whats this? Three
  17. 17. Essential English Whats this? Thumb
  18. 18. Essential English Whats this? Thunder (and lightning)
  19. 19. Essential English Whats this? Mouth
  20. 20. Essential English Whats this? Moth
  21. 21. Essential English Whats this? Earth
  22. 22. Essential English Whats this? Tooth
  23. 23. Essential English Whats this? Thread
  24. 24. Essential English Whats this? Bath
  25. 25. Essential English Whats this? Thorn
  26. 26. Essential English Phonics “ SH” sound
  27. 27. Essential English Whats this? Sheep
  28. 28. Essential English Whats this? Shell
  29. 29. Essential English Whats this? Shirt
  30. 30. Essential English Whats this? Shoe
  31. 31. Essential English Whats this? Shadow
  32. 32. Essential English Whats this? Shelf
  33. 33. Essential English Whats this? Shark
  34. 34. Essential English Whats this? Fish
  35. 35. Essential English Whats this? Wash
  36. 36. Essential English Whats this? Push
  37. 37. Essential English Plurals
  38. 38. Essential English Word Plurals chairs
  39. 39. Essential English Word Plurals ducks
  40. 40. Essential English Word Plurals books
  41. 41. Essential English Word Plurals balls
  42. 42. Essential English Word Plurals grapes
  43. 43. Essential English Word Plurals pencils
  44. 44. Essential English Word Plurals boxes
  45. 45. Essential English Word Plurals foxes
  46. 46. Essential English Word Plurals toothbrushes
  47. 47. Essential English Word Plurals watches
  48. 48. Essential English Word Plurals glasses
  49. 49. Essential English Word Plurals B uses
  50. 50. Essential English Word Plurals monkeys
  51. 51. Essential English Word Plurals baby
  52. 52. Essential English Word Plurals puppy
  53. 53. Essential English Word Plurals candies
  54. 54. Essential English Word Plurals keys
  55. 55. Essential English Word Plurals boys
  56. 56. Essential English Position Phrases
  57. 57. Essential English The cat is in the box.
  58. 58. Essential English The cat is on the box.
  59. 59. Essential English The cat is in front of the box.
  60. 60. Essential English The cat is beside the box.
  61. 61. Essential English The cat is behind the box.
  62. 62. Essential English The cat is under the box.
  63. 63. Essential English The cat is between the boxes.
  64. 64. Essential English The cat is jumping over the box.
  65. 65. Essential English Compound Words
  66. 66. Essential English Each picture has a name say each picture word and you find the compound word
  67. 67. Essential English
  68. 68. Essential English
  69. 69. Essential English
  70. 70. Essential English
  71. 71. Essential English
  72. 72. Essential English
  73. 73. Essential English
  74. 74. Essential English
  75. 75. Essential English
  76. 76. Essential English
  77. 77. Essential English
  78. 78. Essential English
  79. 79. Essential English
  80. 80. 조 지 Jo-ji George English Study Book
  81. 81. Essential English Numbers
  82. 82. Essential English <ul><li>One 6 Six </li></ul><ul><li>Two 7 Seven </li></ul><ul><li>Three 8 Eight </li></ul><ul><li>Four 9 Nine </li></ul><ul><li>Five 10 Ten </li></ul>
  83. 83. Essential English <ul><li>Eleven 16 Sixteen </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve 17 Seventeen </li></ul><ul><li>Thirteen 18 Eighteen </li></ul><ul><li>Fourteen 19 Nineteen </li></ul><ul><li>Fifteen 20 Twenty </li></ul>
  84. 84. Essential English 21 Twenty-one 40 Forty 22 Twenty-two 50 Fifty 23 Twenty-three 60 Sixty 24 Twenty-four 70 Seventy 25 Twenty-five 80 Eighty 26 Twenty-six 90 Ninety 27 Twenty-seven 28 Twenty-eight 29 Twenty-nine 30 Thirty
  85. 85. Essential English <ul><li>One Hundred </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 One Thousand </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 Ten Thousand </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 One Hundred Thousand </li></ul><ul><li>1,000,000 One Million </li></ul><ul><li>1,000,000,000 One Billion </li></ul><ul><li>1,000,000,000,000 One Trillion </li></ul>
  86. 86. Essential English Ordinal Numbers
  87. 87. Essential English 1 st First 11 th Eleventh 2 nd Second 12 th Twelfth 3 rd Third 13 th Thirteenth 4 th Fourth 14 th Fourteenth 5 th Fifth 15 th Fifteenth 6 th Sixth 16 th Sixteenth 7 th Seventh 17 th Seventeenth 8 th Eighth 18 th Eighteenth 9 th Ninth 19 th Nineteenth 10 th Tenth 20 th Twentieth
  88. 88. Essential English 21 st Twenty-first 22 nd Twenty-second 23 rd Twenty-third 24 th Twenty-fourth 25 th Twenty-fifth 26 th Twenty-sixth 27 th Twenty-seventh 28 th Twenty-eighth 29 th Twenty-ninth 30 th Thirtieth
  89. 89. Essential English 40 th Fortieth 50 th Fiftieth 60 th Sixtieth 70 th Seventieth 80 th Eightieth 90 th Ninetieth 100 th One Hundredth
  90. 90. Essential English English quiz answers Thank you ( 감사합니다 ) You’re Welcome ( 괜찮아요 ) ( 재미있어요 ) It’s Fun!
  91. 91. Essential English Calendar
  92. 92. Essential English Months of the Year 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June
  93. 93. Essential English Months of the Year 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December
  94. 94. Essential English Days of the week Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
  95. 95. Essential English <ul><li>1. How old are you? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am _______ years old. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2. When is your birthday? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>My birthday is ____________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. What grade are you in? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I’m in _______ grade. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4. What’s your favorite color? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>My favorite color is ________. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  96. 96. Essential English Yesterday 어제 Today 오늘 Tomorrow 내일 Last week 지난 주 This week 이번 주 Next week 다음 주
  97. 97. Essential English C o l o r s
  98. 98. Essential English Red Red Red apple Stop sign Lady bug strawberry lips
  99. 99. Essential English Orange carrot pumpkin Gold fish fire
  100. 100. Essential English Yellow banana flower bird raincoat corn chick Taxi cab
  101. 101. Essential English Blue Blue Blue Blue Blue bird The sky A blue fish blueberries A shark A butterfly
  102. 102. Essential English Purple Purple Purple Purple
  103. 103. Essential English Green Green Green Green Green
  104. 104. Essential English Brown
  105. 105. Essential English Gray Gray Gray Gray
  106. 106. Essential English Black
  107. 107. Essential English White
  108. 108. Essential English Pink Pink Pink Pink
  109. 109. Essential English Peach
  110. 110. Essential English Silver
  111. 111. Essential English Gold
  112. 112. Essential English
  113. 113. Essential English What color are Tigers? What color are Leopards? What color are Zebras?
  114. 114. Essential English What color are Cows? What color are Clownfish? What color are Ladybugs?
  115. 115. Essential English What color are Dalmations? What color are Bees? What color are Giraffes?
  116. 116. Essential English How to Say the Colors in Many Languages: brun marrón koréechneviy castanho marrone braun brun brown 갈색 svart negro chyórniy preto nero schwarz noir black 검정색 grå gris sériy cinza griio grau gris gray 회색 vit blanco béliy branco bianco weiß blanc white 흰색 rosa rosa, rosado rózoviy cor-de-rosa rosa rosa rose pink 분홍색 lila morado fiolétoviy roxo porpora lila violet purple 보라색 blå azul séeneey azúl azzurro blau bleu blue 파랑색 grön verde zelyóniy verde verde grün vert green 초록색 gul amarillo zhyóltiy amarelo giallo gelb jaune yellow 노랑색 orange anaranjado oránzheviy cor-de-laranja arancione orange orangé orange 주황색 röd rojo krásniy vermelho rosso rot rouge red 빨강색 Swedish Spanish Russian Portuguese Italian German French English 한글
  117. 117. Essential English
  118. 118. Essential English
  119. 119. Essential English
  120. 120. Essential English Making Friends Making Conversation
  121. 121. Essential English Hello, My Name is __________, What is your name? Hi, My name’s __________, What’s your name? Hi, I’m __________. What’s your name?
  122. 122. Essential English My Name’s _________, nice to meet you! Nice to meet you, too!
  123. 123. Essential English Greetings Good morning (before 12:00pm) Good afternoon (after 12:00pm) Good evening (after 6:00pm) Good night (going to bed)
  124. 124. Essential English Greetings Hello. How are you? I’m fine thank you, and you?
  125. 125. Essential English Other Greetings How-are-you-doing? “ Howyadoin?” How’s it going? What’s happening? What’s up? What’s going on?
  126. 126. Essential English <ul><ul><li>How are you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How are you today? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine, thank you/thanks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too bad. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm okay / all right. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So-so. </li></ul></ul>
  127. 127. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Not too well, actually. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What's wrong with you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What's the matter with you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you all right? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm tired. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm exhausted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I've got a cold. </li></ul></ul>
  128. 128. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Good bye. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bye. / See you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you later. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you soon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you again. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you tomorrow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you next week. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good night. </li></ul></ul>
  129. 129. Essential English Study Book 5
  130. 130. Essential English <ul><li>How old are you? </li></ul><ul><li>I am _______ years old. </li></ul><ul><li>When is your birthday? </li></ul><ul><li>My birthday is ____________. </li></ul><ul><li>What grade are you in? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m in _______ grade. </li></ul><ul><li>What’s your favorite color? </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite color is ________. </li></ul>
  131. 131. Essential English <ul><li>How tall are you? </li></ul><ul><li>I am _______ (feet/inches) tall. </li></ul><ul><li>How much do you weigh? </li></ul><ul><li>I weigh ____________ pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>What school do you go to? </li></ul><ul><li>I go to ________ _________ school. </li></ul><ul><li>What’s your favorite food? </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite food is ________. </li></ul>
  132. 132. Essential English <ul><li>Where are you from? </li></ul><ul><li>I am from _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you live? </li></ul><ul><li>I live in ________________. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your phone number? </li></ul><ul><li>My number is _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your e-mail address? </li></ul><ul><li>My e-mail is ___________________________. </li></ul>
  133. 133. Essential English <ul><li>Do you have any pets? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I have _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>No, I don’t have any pets. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any brothers or sisters? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I have _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>No, I don’t have any siblings. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your favorite sport? </li></ul><ul><li>I like _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t like ______________. </li></ul>
  134. 134. Essential English Who are your friends? My friends are… __________ __________ __________ __________
  135. 135. Essential English When is their birthday?? My friends birthdays are… __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
  136. 136. Essential English How Old are your friends??? My friends are… __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ … years old.
  137. 141. Essential English Study Book 6
  138. 142. Essential English Thank-you. You’re welcome (My pleasure) kam sa hamnida ( 감사합니다 ) guen chun nay oh( 괜찮아요 ) Excuse me (Pardon me) No problem ( 괜찮아요 ) Sil ay hamnida ( 실례합니다 ) Bless you! ( 죄송합니다 ) Thank-you ( 감사합니다 ) I’m sorry ( 죄송합니다 ) It’s okay ( 괜찮아요 ) Do you understand? I don’t understand I understand Mo-lah-yo ( 몰라요 ) Eye-lah-oh ( 알아요 )
  139. 143. Essential English BIG little words Who? 누구세요 What ? 뭐예요 Where ? 어디 When ? 언제 Why ? 왜요 How ? 어떻게
  140. 144. Essential English BIG little words Who made this mess? What are you doing? Where are you going? When is this class over? Why do I have to study English? How is the weather?
  141. 145. Essential English BIG little words How far? How many? 몇개예요 ? How much? 얼마예요 ? Where is? 어디있습니까 ? What’s this? 이건뭐에요 ?
  142. 146. Essential English BIG little words I’m busy now. Na pah bayo. 나 바빠요 . Don’t do that! Gu ro ji ma! 그러지마 ! Look at me! Yo gi Buy oh! 여기봐요 ! Come here. E lee hwa yo. 이리와요 . Listen Carefully! Chal du loh bo say yo 잘들어 보세요 !
  143. 147. Essential English
  144. 148. Essential English I’m Lost! Excuse me, can you help me… Where is…
  145. 149. Essential English Go Strait Turn Right Left Near Next to Behind In front of Between
  146. 150. Essential English Go strait (through the door) Go up ( 위로가다 ) /Go down ( 아래로가다 ) Turn left ( 왼쪽으로돌다 )/ turn right ( 오른쪽으로돌다 ) Far ( 멀리 )/ near ( 근처에 ) Next to ( 다음에또 ) Across from ( 가로지르는곳 ) Around the corner ( 코너를돌다 ) Behind In front of Between
  147. 151. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Asking and Giving Directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do I get to ...? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What's the best way to ...? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where is ...? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go straight ahead (until you come to ...) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turn left/right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take the first/second road on the left/right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It's on the left/right </li></ul></ul></ul>
  148. 152. Essential English Family
  149. 153. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father, dad, daddy (Apa) 엄마 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mother, mom , mommy (Oma) 아빠 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 parent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 parents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>son (Namja) 남자 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>daughter (Yoja) 여자 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>brother (Opa) 오빠 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sister (Nuna) 누나 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pets (Dog, cat) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  150. 154. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather, granddad , grandpa (Haraboji) 할아버지 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandmother, grandma , granny (Haramoni) 할머니 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>grandson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>granddaughter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>grandchild </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>uncle (Samchun) 삼촌 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aunt (Emo) 이모 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cousin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nephew (sachun jo ka) 사촌 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>niece (Sachun) 조카 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  151. 155. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather, granddad , grandpa (Haraboji) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandmother, grandma , granny (Haramoni) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>grandson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>granddaughter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>grandchild </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>uncle (Samchun) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aunt (Imo) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cousin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nephew (Sachun) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>niece (Sachun) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  152. 156. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>boyfriend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>girlfriend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fiancé </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fiancée </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bride </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>groom, bridegroom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>husband </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spouse </li></ul></ul></ul>
  153. 157. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Members of a Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>father-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mother-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>parents-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>son-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>daughter-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>brother-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sister-in-law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>godfather </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>godmother </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>godson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>goddaughter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>godchild </li></ul></ul></ul>
  154. 158. Essential English Body Parts
  155. 159. Essential English Body Parts Skin Head , hair, forehead, face, forehead, cheeks, chin, jaw, Ears, earlobes Eyes, eyelashes, eyebrows Nose, nostrils Mouth, 1 tooth; 2 teeth, gums, tongue, lips Neck , throat, adam’s apple Shoulders, underarms Arms , biceps, elbows, forearms, wrists, hands, palms, fingers, fingernails, knuckles, thumbs, fists Torso , breast (chest), ribcage, bellybutton, abdomen (stomach), groin, back, spine, waist, hips, buttocks, (private parts) Legs , thigh, knees, 1 calf: 2 calves, ankles, 1 foot; 2 feet, heels, sole, toes, toenails
  156. 160. Essential English Body Parts
  157. 161. Essential English Clothes
  158. 162. Essential English
  159. 163. Essential English
  160. 164. Essential English
  161. 165. Essential English
  162. 166. Essential English
  163. 167. Essential English
  164. 168. Essential English
  165. 169. Essential English Clothing Underwear Panties Briefs, Boxers Shirt Blouse T-shirt Sweater Jeans (Pants) Dress Shorts Skirt (Mini-skirt) Socks Stockings Slippers, Sandals Boots, Sneakers, Shoes High heels Coat (hood), Jacket, Scarf, Gloves, Mittens, Earmuffs, Hat
  166. 170. Essential English Time
  167. 171. Essential English
  168. 172. Essential English 8:00 Eight O’clock
  169. 173. Essential English
  170. 174. Essential English 7:15 Seven fifteen / Quarter past Seven
  171. 175. Essential English
  172. 176. Essential English 6:30 Six thirty Half past six
  173. 177. Essential English
  174. 178. Essential English 8:45 Eight forty-five Quarter to Nine
  175. 179. Essential English 2:30 9:30 6:30 8:45
  176. 180. Essential English USA Money
  177. 181. Essential English American Money One Penny One Cent $0.01 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Memorial
  178. 182. Essential English American Money One Nickel Five Cents $0.05 Thomas Jefferson Monticello
  179. 183. Essential English American Money One Dime Ten Cents $0.10 Franklin D. Roosevelt torch, oak branch, olive branch
  180. 184. Essential English American Money One Quarter Twenty-five Cents $0.25 George Washington American Eagle (Before 1999)
  181. 185. Essential English American Money New Quarter back After 1999
  182. 186. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  183. 187. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  184. 188. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  185. 189. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  186. 190. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  187. 191. Essential English American Money New Quarter back
  188. 192. Essential English American Money New Quarter back 2007 Montana Washington Idaho Wyoming Utah  2008 Oklahoma New Mexico Arizona Alaska Hawaii http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_Quarters
  189. 193. Essential English American Money One Half-dollar Fifty Cents $0.50 John F. Kennedy The Great Seal of the President of the United States
  190. 194. Essential English American Money One Dollar One hundred Cents $1.00 Sacagawea Eagle in flight
  191. 195. Essential English American Money
  192. 196. Essential English American Money
  193. 197. Essential English American Money
  194. 198. Essential English American Money
  195. 199. Essential English American Money
  196. 200. Essential English American Money
  197. 201. Essential English Pets
  198. 202. Essential English Opposites
  199. 203. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Big </li></ul></ul>
  200. 204. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Small </li></ul></ul>
  201. 205. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Small and Big are opposites </li></ul></ul>
  202. 206. Essential English <ul><ul><li>A turtle is slow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the opposite of slow? </li></ul></ul>
  203. 207. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Fast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rabbit is fast </li></ul></ul>
  204. 208. Essential English
  205. 209. Essential English
  206. 210. Essential English
  207. 211. Essential English
  208. 212. Essential English
  209. 213. Essential English
  210. 214. Essential English
  211. 215. Essential English
  212. 216. Essential English
  213. 217. Essential English
  214. 218. Essential English
  215. 219. Essential English
  216. 220. Essential English
  217. 221. Essential English
  218. 222. Essential English
  219. 223. Essential English
  220. 224. Essential English
  221. 225. Essential English
  222. 226. Essential English
  223. 227. Essential English
  224. 228. Essential English
  225. 229. Essential English More opposites Win Lose Heads Tails Boy Girl Buy Sell Light Dark Stand Sit White Black Easy Hard Begin End Winter Summer Start Finish Low High
  226. 230. Essential English Pets
  227. 231. Essential English Dog
  228. 232. Essential English Cat
  229. 233. Essential English Fish
  230. 234. Essential English Rabbit
  231. 235. Essential English Bird
  232. 236. Essential English Hamster
  233. 237. Essential English Guinea Pig
  234. 238. Essential English One Mouse, Two Mice
  235. 239. Essential English Horse
  236. 240. Essential English Turtle
  237. 241. Essential English Lizard
  238. 242. Essential English Gecko
  239. 243. Essential English Iguana
  240. 244. Essential English Snakes
  241. 245. Essential English Pig / piglets
  242. 246. Essential English Chicken Hen Rooster
  243. 247. Essential English Goat
  244. 248. Essential English Sheep
  245. 249. Essential English Cow
  246. 250. Essential English Animals A to Z
  247. 251. Essential English Alligator
  248. 252. Essential English Bear
  249. 253. Essential English Camel Cheetah
  250. 254. Essential English Deer Donkey Duck
  251. 255. Essential English Elephant
  252. 256. Essential English Fox
  253. 257. Essential English Gorilla Giraffe
  254. 258. Essential English Hippopotamus
  255. 259. Essential English Insect
  256. 260. Essential English Jellyfish
  257. 261. Essential English Kangaroo Koala
  258. 262. Essential English Lion
  259. 263. Essential English Monkey Mosquito
  260. 264. Essential English Newt
  261. 265. Essential English Owl Octopus
  262. 266. Essential English Penguin Panda
  263. 267. Essential English Quail
  264. 268. Essential English Raccoon Rhinoceros
  265. 269. Essential English Shark
  266. 270. Essential English Tiger
  267. 271. Essential English Urial
  268. 272. Essential English Vampire bat Viper
  269. 273. Essential English Walrus
  270. 274. Essential English Wasp
  271. 275. Essential English X
  272. 276. Essential English Yak
  273. 277. Essential English Zebra
  274. 278. Wow! Pets
  275. 279. Essential English I like… I don’t like…
  276. 280. Essential English
  277. 281. Essential English spiders cake cheese
  278. 282. Essential English
  279. 283. Essential English
  280. 284. Essential English
  281. 285. Essential English
  282. 286. Essential English
  283. 287. Essential English
  284. 288. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Shop Assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can I help you? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can I do for you? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are you being helped ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sorry, we don't sell stamps. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anything else? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It's on sale. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buy two for the price of one. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  285. 289. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Shop Assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much / many would you like? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What size do you take? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sorry, we are out of bread . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Would you like to try it on? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The fitting room is over there. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay at the cash desk please. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That's 20 euros/euro altogether . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You don't happen to have any change , do you? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Here's your change. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  286. 290. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Customer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I need ... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I'd like a bottle of milk, please. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have you got souvenirs ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you sell stamps? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where can I buy post cards? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where can I get a film for my camera? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where can I find newspapers? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are these bottles returnable ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It doesn't fit me. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I don't like it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It's too small / big / wide / tight / expensive . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  287. 291. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Customer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have you got this in another size / color? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May I try this on, please? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where can I try this on, please? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much is it? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That's all. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the cash desk / till? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could I get a receipt , please? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could I get a (plastic) bag, please? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I'm afraid/ Sorry) I don't have any change . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you accept credit cards? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  288. 292. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am / You are / He is / She is … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>small </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>overweight, fat   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>slim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>young </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… years old. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>beautiful / pretty (Girl) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>handsome (Boy) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sun-tanned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pale </li></ul></ul></ul>
  289. 293. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I have / You have / He has / She has (got) … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  blue / green / grey / brown eyes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  freckles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a beard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a full beard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a moustache </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a goatee </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a stubbly beard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  blond hair, red hair, brown hair, black hair </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  dyed hair </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  blond highlights </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  short hair, long hair </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  straight hair, curly hair / curls </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a bald head </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a square / round / triangular / oval face </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a big / small / long nose </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  big / small ears </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  290. 294. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Clothing and Accessories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I wear / You wear / He wears / She  wears … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  glasses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  contact lenses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  I am wearing / You are wearing / He/She is wearing … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  earrings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a necklace </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a wristband </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a bracelet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a cap </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a red scarf </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a tie </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  291. 295. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am / You are / He is / She is … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  shy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  quiet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  lively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  active </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  easygoing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  outgoing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  nice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  friendly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  funny </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  happy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  annoying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  sad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  aggressive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a pain in the neck </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  a little chatter box </li></ul></ul></ul>
  292. 296. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
  293. 297. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a pencil </li></ul></ul></ul>
  294. 298. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
  295. 299. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s an eraser </li></ul></ul></ul>
  296. 300. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
  297. 301. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a pencil sharpener </li></ul></ul></ul>
  298. 302. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul>
  299. 303. Essential English <ul><ul><li>What’s this? What’s that? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a “sharp” pencil </li></ul></ul></ul>
  300. 304. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  301. 305. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  302. 306. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  303. 307. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  304. 308. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  305. 309. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>I see with my eyes I touch with my fingers I hear with my ears I smell with my nose I taste with my tongue
  306. 310. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul>Sight seeing eyes Touch feeling fingers Hear listening ears Smell smelling nose Taste tasting tongue
  307. 311. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul>
  308. 312. Essential English <ul><ul><li>I see with my eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you see? </li></ul></ul>
  309. 313. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul>
  310. 314. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw bean bag back and forth five times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blindfold each volunteer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now, try to throw the beanbag so your partner catches it. </li></ul></ul>
  311. 315. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Sight is the one sense used most often to learn about the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Behavior changes when one sense is taken away. </li></ul></ul>
  312. 316. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul>1. Ears help us to hear. 2. There are soft and loud sounds.
  313. 317. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul>
  314. 318. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing activity </li></ul></ul>Pair up students Give list of descriptions to student A Give paper to student B Student A reads the descriptions Student B writes or draws what he hears Compare pictures
  315. 319. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>Some things smell good, and some things smell bad…
  316. 320. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>
  317. 321. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell </li></ul></ul>Name something that you like to smell Name something you do not like to smell
  318. 322. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>Tongues have tastebuds.
  319. 323. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>
  320. 324. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul></ul>
  321. 325. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste Activity </li></ul></ul>Some things taste… sour or sweet salty or bitter
  322. 326. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>Some things feel… hard or soft smooth or rough hot or cold sharp or smooth wet or dry
  323. 327. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>
  324. 328. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>
  325. 329. Essential English <ul><ul><li>5 Senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name something you touch that is cold. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name something you touch that is Hot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name something that is soft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name something that is sharp. </li></ul></ul>
  326. 330. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>생일축하합니다 . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>생일축하합니다 . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>사랑하는 연우 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>생일 축하합니다 . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  327. 331. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>American Holidays </li></ul></ul></ul>
  328. 332. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>January </li></ul></ul></ul>New Year's Day: January 1 Martin Luther King, Jr's Birthday : Third Monday in January
  329. 333. Essential English January 1 New Years Day An international celebration celebrating the first day of the gregorian calendar and marks traditional end of the “holiday season” Father Time is a mythical personification of time. He is usually depicted as an elderly bearded man, dressed in a robe, carrying an hourglass or other timekeeping device (representing time's constant movement). In various New Year's Eve customs, Father Time's image is used as the personification of the previous year (or &quot;the Old Year&quot;), who &quot;hands over&quot; the duties of time to the Baby New Year (or &quot;the New Year&quot;). In this case, his old age is emphasized (in particular, he may be depicted walking with the aid of a stick). Champagne toast at midnight, New Years resolutions, and fireworks are traditional activities.
  330. 334. Essential English Third Monday in January Martin Luther King Jr. Day &quot; I have a dream... I have a dream that one day little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today&quot;     Each year on the third Monday of January schools, federal offices, post office and banks across America close as we celebrate the birth, the life and the dream of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.     It is a time for the nation to remember the injustices that Dr. King fought. A time to remember his fight for the freedom, equality, and dignity of all races and peoples. A time to remember the message of change through nonviolence. Traditionally, This holiday was celebrated on his birthday, January 15th.
  331. 335. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>Groundhog Day: February 02 Lincoln's Birthday: February 12 Valentine's Day : February 14 President's Day: Monday, February 20 Washington's Birthday: February 22
  332. 336. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>Groundhog Day: February 02
  333. 337. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>February </li></ul></ul></ul>V alentine's Day, a holiday honoring love and lovers, is celebrated on February 14th.
  334. 338. Essential English Third Monday in February Presidents Day Presidents' Day is the common name for the United States federal holiday officially designated as Washington's Birthday . It is celebrated on the third Monday of February. As the official title of the federal holiday, Washington's Birthday was originally implemented by the federal government in 1880 in the District of Columbia and expanded in 1885 to include all federal offices. As the first federal holiday to honor an American-born citizen, the holiday was celebrated on Washington's birthday, February 22. In 1971 the federal holiday was shifted to the third Monday in February. The theme has expanded the focus of the holiday to honor another February President Abraham Lincoln and often other Presidents of the United States as well. Lincoln's birthday is February 12 and although it was never a federal holiday
  335. 339. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>March </li></ul></ul></ul>St. Patrick's Day: March 17 Mardi Gras:
  336. 340. Essential English <ul><li>The History of Mardi Gras </li></ul><ul><li>             Mardi Gras came to New Orleans through its French heritage in 1699. Early explorers celebrated this French Holiday on the banks of the Mississippi River. Throughout the years, Orleanians have added to the celebration by establishing krewes (organizations) which host parades and balls. Carnival quickly became an exciting holiday for both children and adults. </li></ul><ul><li>       Mardi Gras means &quot;Fat Tuesday&quot; and of course is celebrated on that day of the week. The date can fall between February 3 and March 9 depending on the Lunar calendar, used by the Catholic Church to determine the date of Easter . Mardi Gras is always 47 days before Easter Sunday . </li></ul><ul><li>       The official colors for Mardi Gras are purple, green, and gold . These colors were chosen in 1872 by the King of Carnival, Rex. He chose these colors to stand for the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Purple represents justice </li></ul><ul><li>green stands for faith </li></ul><ul><li>gold stands for power </li></ul><ul><li>       The Mardi Gras season begins on January 6 and continues until Fat Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday . On the Christian calendar, the twelfth day after Christmas is known as &quot;Epiphany&quot;, &quot;Twelfth Night&quot;, or &quot;Kings Day.&quot; It is the day the gift-bearing Magi visited the baby Jesus, and is celebrated with its own unique rituals. </li></ul>
  337. 341. Essential English The History of St. Patricks Day On St. Patrick's Day there are many different customs that people do. One of the most widely known customs is to wear green. One famous saying is that on St. Patrick's Day everybody is Irish . Every year on March 17 more than 100 U.S. cities have a parade for this festive holiday. The largest parade is held in New York City. Another custom takes place in Chicago. The custom is dyeing the Chicago River green. The tradition started in 1962 when some city pollution control workers used dye to trace some illegal sewage discharge and realized that the green dye might provide a unique way to celebrate St. Patrick's Day. On that year they released 100 pounds of green vegetable dye into the river. That much dye made the river green for a whole week. Today only 40 pounds are used so the river stays green for several hours. Another custom is that people dress in green and wear shamrocks. Drinking green beer and reciting Old Irish Blessings are also very popular on St. Patricks Day… May your neighbors respect you, Troubles neglect you, The angels protect you, And Heaven accept you. May you be in Heaven a half hour before the Devil knows you're dead!
  338. 342. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>April Fool's Day: April 1 Easter : Sunday, April 16 Earth Day: April 22 Passover (Begins at Sundown*) : April 12 Yom Ha Shoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day): April 25
  339. 343. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>T raditions associated with the holiday is the Easter rabbit , a symbol of fertility, and in colored easter eggs, originally painted with bright colors to represent the sunlight of spring, and used in Easter-egg contests.     T he Christian celebration of Easter embodies a number of converging traditions with emphasis on the relation of Easter to the Jewish festival of Passover , another name used by Europeans for Easter. Passover is an important feast in the Jewish calendar which is celebrated for 8 days and commemorates the flight and freedom of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt     T he early Christians, many of whom were of Jewish origin, were brought up in the Hebrew tradition and regarded Easter as a new feature of the Passover festival, a commemoration of the advent of the Messiah as foretold by the prophets.     E aster is observed by the churches of the West on the first Sunday following the full moon that occurs on or following the spring equinox (March 21). So Easter became a &quot;movable&quot; feast which can occur as early as March 22 or as late as April 25     E aster is at the end of the Lenten season, which covers a forty-six-day period that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends with Easter. The Lenten season itself comprises forty days, as the six Sundays in Lent are not actually a part of Lent. Sundays are considered a commemoration of Easter Sunday and have always been excluded from the Lenten fast. The Lenten season is a period of penitence in preparation for the highest festival of the church year, Easter     H oly Week, the last week of Lent, begins its with the observance of Palm Sunday. Palm Sunday takes its name from Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem where the crowds laid palms at his feet. Holy Thursday commemorates the Last Supper, which was held the evening before the Crucifixion. Friday in Holy Week is the anniversary of the Crufixion, the day that Christ was crucified and died on the cross     H oly week and the Lenten season end with Easter Sunday, the day of resurrection of Jesus Christ
  340. 344. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>April </li></ul></ul></ul>April Fools Day
  341. 345. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>Cinco de Mayo: May 5 Mother's Day : Sunday, May 14 Memorial Day: Monday, May 29
  342. 346. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>May 5th Cinco de Mayo a
  343. 347. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>May </li></ul></ul></ul>Third Sunday in May Mothers Day a
  344. 348. Essential English Last Monday in May Memorial Day Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (most recently observed May 29 , 2006 ). It was formerly known as Decoration Day . This holiday commemorates U.S. men and women who have died in military service to their country. It began first to honor Union soldiers who died during the American Civil War . After World War I , it expanded to include those who died in any war or military action. One of the longest standing traditions is the running of the Indianapolis 500 , which has been held in conjunction with Memorial Day since 1911. In addition to remembrance, Memorial Day is also a time for picnics , family gatherings, and sporting events. Some Americans view Memorial Day as the unofficial beginning of summer and Labor Day as the unofficial end of the season.
  345. 349. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>June </li></ul></ul></ul>Flag Day: June 14 Father's Day : Sunday, June 18
  346. 350. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>July </li></ul></ul></ul>US Independence Day : July 4
  347. 351. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>July </li></ul></ul></ul>July 4th Independence Day In the United States , Independence Day , also called the Fourth of July , is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on 4 July 1776 , declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain . Independence Day is commonly associated with parades , barbecues , picnics , baseball games, and various other public and private events celebrating the history and traditions of the U.S. Fireworks have been associated with the Fourth of July since 1777 .
  348. 352. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>August </li></ul></ul></ul>
  349. 353. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>September </li></ul></ul></ul>Labor Day: Monday, September 4
  350. 354. Essential English First Monday in Septamber Labor Day Labor Day is a United States federal holiday that takes place on the first Monday of September. In 2006, Labor Day will be September 4th . The origins of the American Labor Day can be traced back to the Knights of Labor in the United States and a parade organized by them on September 5 , 1882 in New York City . In 1884 another parade was held, and the Knights passed resolutions to make this an annual event. Labor Day has been celebrated on the first Monday in September in the United States since the 1880s . Labor Day is generally regarded simply as a day of rest and, forms of celebration include picnics , barbecues , fireworks displays , water activities, and public art events. Families with school-age children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of summer . Some teenagers and young adults view it as the last weekend for parties before returning to school .
  351. 355. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>October </li></ul></ul></ul>Columbus Day: October 09 Halloween : October 31
  352. 356. Essential English 2nd Monday in October Columbus Day Columbus Day falls officially on October 12 and is celebrated on the 2nd Monday in October. The first recorded celebration of Columbus Day in the USA was held by the Tammany Society , also known as the Colombian Order, in New York on October 12 , 1792 , marking the 300th anniversary of Columbus's landing in the Bahamas . Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of Italian-American heritage. The first state celebration was in Colorado in 1905, and in 1937, at the behest of the Knights of Columbus (a Catholic fraternal service organization named for the voyager), President Franklin Delano Roosevelt set aside Columbus Day as a holiday in the United States. Since 1971, the holiday has been commemorated in the U.S. on the second Monday in October. Some Italian-Americans feel pride in the day due to the fact that Christopher Columbus, an Italian sailor, sailed to the Americas. To some, it is awkward that Italian-Americans celebrate the day since Columbus did sail to the Americas under the name of Spain and not Italy.
  353. 357. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>October </li></ul></ul></ul>H alloween is one of the oldest holidays with origins going back thousands of years. The holiday we know as Halloween has had many influences from many cultures over the centuries.                O n October 31st after the crops were all harvested and stored for the long winter the cooking fires in the homes would be extinguished. The Druids, the Celtic priests, would meet in the hilltop in the dark oak forest (oak trees were considered sacred). The Druids would light new fires and offer sacrifices of crops and animals. As they danced around the the fires, the season of the sun passed and the season of darkness would begin.     W hen the morning arrived the Druids would give an ember from their fires to each family who would then take them home to start new cooking fires. These fires would keep the homes warm and free from evil spirits.                T he November 1st festival was called Samhain (pronounced &quot;sow-en&quot;). The festival would last for 3 days. Many people would parade in costumes made from the skins and heads of their animals. This festival would become the first Halloween.     D uring the first century the Romans invaded Britain. They brought with them many of their festivals and customs. One of these was the festival know as Pomona Day, named for their goddess of fruits and gardens. It was also celebrated around the 1st of November. After hundreds of years of Roman rule the customs of the Celtic's Samhain festival and the Roman Pomona Day mixed becoming 1 major fall holiday.                T he next influence came with the spread of the new Christian religion throughout Europe and Britain. In the year 835 AD the Roman Catholic Church would make November 1st a church holiday to honor all the saints. This day was called All Saint's Day, or Hallowmas, or All Hallows. Years later the Church would make November 2nd a holy day. It was called All Souls Day and was to honor the dead. It was celebrated with big bonfires, parades, and people dressing up as saints, angels and devils.     B ut the spread of Christianity did not make people forget their early customs. On the eve of All Hallows, Oct. 31, people continued to celebrate the festivals of Samhain and Pomona Day. Over the years the customs from all these holidays mixed. October 31st became known as All Hallow Even, eventually All Hallow's Eve, Hallowe'en, and then - Halloween.     T he Halloween we celebrate today includes all of these influences, Pomona Day's apples, nuts, and harvest , the Festival of Samhain's black cats, magic, evil spirits and death, and the ghosts, skeletons and skulls from All Saint's Day and All Soul's Day.
  354. 358. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>November </li></ul></ul></ul>All Saint's Day: November 1 All Soul's Day: November 2 Veterans Day: November 11 Thanksgiving Day (US) : Thursday, November 23
  355. 359. Essential English November 11th Veterans Day Veterans' Day , formerly called Armistice Day , is the day the United States commemorates the contributions of those who have served in its military. It falls on the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended the First World War . It is celebrated as a federal holiday on 11 November . All major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice . Armistice Day was first commemorated in the United States by President Wilson in 1919, and many states made it a legal holiday. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 inviting all Americans to observe the day, and made it a legal holiday nationwide in 1938. The holiday has been observed annually on November 11 since that date - first as Armistice Day, later as Veterans' Day.
  356. 360. Essential English 4th Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day a
  357. 361. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>November </li></ul></ul></ul>I n 1621, after a hard and devastating first year in the New World the Pilgrim's fall harvest was very successful and plentiful. There was corn, fruits,     T he Pilgrims had beaten the odds. They built homes in the wilderness, they raised enough crops to keep them alive during the long coming winter, and they were at peace with their Indian neighbors. Their Governor, William Bradford, proclaimed a day of thanksgiving that was to be shared by all the colonists and the neighboring Native American Indians.     T he custom of an annually celebrated thanksgiving, held after the harvest, continued through the years. During the American Revolution (late 1770's) a day of national thanksgiving was suggested by the Continental Congress.     I n 1817 New York State adopted Thanksgiving Day as an annual custom. By the middle of the 19th century many other states also celebrated a Thanksgiving Day. In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed a national day of thanksgiving. Since then each president has issued a Thanksgiving Day proclamation, usually designating the fourth Thursday of each November as the holiday.
  358. 362. Essential English <ul><ul><ul><li>December </li></ul></ul></ul>World Aids Day: December 1 Chanukah (Begins at Sundown*): December 15 Christmas Day : December 25 Kwanzaa : December 26
  359. 363. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One point in time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On is used with days: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I will see you on Monday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The week begins on Sunday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At is used with noon, night, midnight, and with the time of day: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My plane leaves at noon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The movie starts at 6 p.m. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In is used with other parts of the day, with months, with years, with seasons: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He likes to read in the afternoon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The days are long in August. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The book was published in 1999. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The flowers will bloom in spring. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  360. 364. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express extended time, English uses the following prepositions: since, for, by, from—to, from-until, during,(with)in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She has been gone since yesterday. (She left yesterday and has not returned.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm going to Paris for two weeks. (I will spend two weeks there.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The movie showed from August to October. (Beginning in August and ending in October.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The decorations were up from spring until fall. (Beginning in spring and ending in fall.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I watch TV during the evening. (For some period of time in the evening.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We must finish the project within a year. (No longer than a year.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  361. 365. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of place, English uses the following prepositions: to talk about the point itself: in , to express something contained: inside , to talk about the surface: on , to talk about a general vicinity, at . For more detail, see our handouts on Prepositions of Location and Prepositions of Direction . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a wasp in the room. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put the present inside the box. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I left your keys on the table. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She was waiting at the corner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  362. 366. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher than a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being higher than a point, English uses the following prepositions: over, above . For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He threw the ball over the roof. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hang that picture above the couch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower than a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being lower than a point, English uses the following prepositions: under, underneath, beneath, below. For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rabbit burrowed under the ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child hid underneath the blanket. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We relaxed in the shade beneath the branches. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The valley is below sea-level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being close to a point, English uses the following prepositions: near, by, next to, between, among, opposite . For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She lives near the school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is an ice cream shop by the store. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An oak tree grows next to my house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The house is between Elm Street and Maple Street. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I found my pen lying among the books. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bathroom is opposite that room. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To introduce objects of verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English uses the following prepositions to introduce objects of the following verbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She took a quick glance at her reflection. ( exception with mirror : She took a quick glance in the mirror.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You didn't laugh at his joke. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm looking at the computer monitor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We rejoiced at his safe rescue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That pretty girl smiled at you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop staring at me. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of: approve, consist, smell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I don't approve of his speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My contribution to the article consists of many pages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He came home smelling of alcohol. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of (or about): dream, think </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I dream of finishing college in four years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you think of a number between one and ten? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am thinking about this problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did someone call for a taxi? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He hopes for a raise in salary next year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm looking for my keys. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We'll wait for her here. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You go buy the tickets and I'll watch for the train. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you wish for an &quot;A&quot; in this class, you must work hard. </li></ul></ul>
  363. 367. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher than a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being higher than a point, English uses the following prepositions: over, above . For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He threw the ball over the roof. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hang that picture above the couch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower than a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being lower than a point, English uses the following prepositions: under, underneath, beneath, below. For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rabbit burrowed under the ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child hid underneath the blanket. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We relaxed in the shade beneath the branches. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The valley is below sea-level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  364. 368. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to a point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To express notions of an object being close to a point, English uses the following prepositions: near, by, next to, between, among, opposite . For more detail, see our handout on Prepositions of Spatial Relationship . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She lives near the school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is an ice cream shop by the store. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An oak tree grows next to my house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The house is between Elm Street and Maple Street. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I found my pen lying among the books. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bathroom is opposite that room. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  365. 369. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To introduce objects of verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English uses the following prepositions to introduce objects of the following verbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At: glance, laugh, look, rejoice, smile, stare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She took a quick glance at her reflection. ( exception with mirror : She took a quick glance in the mirror.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You didn't laugh at his joke. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm looking at the computer monitor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We rejoiced at his safe rescue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That pretty girl smiled at you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop staring at me. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  366. 370. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of: approve, consist, smell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I don't approve of his speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My contribution to the article consists of many pages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He came home smelling of alcohol. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of (or about): dream, think </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I dream of finishing college in four years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you think of a number between one and ten? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am thinking about this problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  367. 371. Essential English <ul><ul><li>Prepositions of Time, of Place, and to Introduce Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For: call, hope, look, wait, watch, wish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did someone call for a taxi? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He hopes for a raise in salary next year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm looking for my keys. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We'll wait for her here. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You go buy the tickets and I'll watch for the train. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you wish for an &quot;A&quot; in this class, you must work hard. </li></ul></ul>

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