American Colonial Empires: Spain

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  • 1. Theme 3 Part 1 Spanish Empire Dylan DeFatta
  • 2. Diego Vasicuio
    • The Spanish tried to convert the Indians into Catholics.
    • Language barrier was a major problem.
    • As Indians became slaves to the Spanish the language barrier was not as big of an issue as it once had been.
  • 3. Francisco Baquero
    • Buenos Aires became one of the most valuable towns for the Spanish.
    • Over the next few years as trading restrictions dwindled their economy began to boom.
    • Still no legal system seemed to really exist.
  • 4. Martin Ocelotl
    • More and more Spanish ships began being spotted off the coast of Mexico.
    • Native Aztecs were worried by this and took it as religious symbols.
    • The Aztecs had never seen ships like this and came up with their own reasoning's for what they might be.
  • 5. Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar
    • Central Mexico became the “heartland” for New Spain.
    • Two slaves stories of struggle to survive became famous.
    • The story involves Juan writing a despairing letter on how he had made a pact with the Devil.
  • 6. Cristobal Bequer
    • Bequer eventually had many issues with the Church.
    • Real troubles began when Bequer’s whole family got mixed up in a murder.
    • Cristobal and his brother ran from authorities and hid in monasteries in Lima.
  • 7. Isabel Moctezuma
    • During the Spanish Conquest it was said that Isabel was the father to 150 children.
    • At one point it was believed that he had 50 women pregnant at the same time.
    • There were clearly discrepancies to who was to be his heir to the Aztec throne.
  • 8. Beatriz de Padilla
    • In western New Spain, a few large scandals arose.
    • One of which Beatriz was accused of murdering two of her lovers.
    • Some even accused her of using magic to kill.
  • 9. Online Sources
    • Spanish colonization lasted over four-hundred years.
    • Beginning with Christopher Columbus in the last 1400’s, the Spanish expanded over a great deal of land.
    • Colonization of Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico all took place.
  • 10. Online Sources
    • Along with Columbus, Vasco Nunez de Balboa was another very famous explorer.
    • The first mainland settlement did not happen until 1509.
    • However, this first settlement was abandoned in less that a year.
  • 11. Online Sources
    • The first permanent Spanish settlement was in 1510, in Santa Maria la Antigua del Darien.
    • Although different conquests, the conquest of Yucatan and the conquest of the Aztec Empire were both very important.
    • The Spanish conquest of Yucatan lasted almost 150 years.
  • 12. Online Sources
    • During the 19 th century, the Peninsular War began to take place between France and Spain.
    • It was not until the early 1800s that Independence was declared against Spanish rule.
    • The Treaty of Cordoba gave Mexico independence from Spain in 1821.
  • 13. Online Sources
    • Victory was won by the United states in 1898 in the Spanish-American War.
    • This victory marks the end of the “colonial era.”
    • Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines also were taken under by the United States in 1898.