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His 121 chapter 7 the articles of confederationPresentation Transcript
The Articles of ConfederationChapter 7
Treaty of Paris(Ratified by both sides April 9, 1784) Unfinished painting by Benjamin West. British delegation refused to pose.
Important Points of Treaty of Paris British acknowledged United States to be sovereign nation, free and independent British Crown relinquishes all claims to government, property and territorial rights Established boundaries between the United States and British North America Granted fishing rights to the Grand Banks Lawful debts paid to creditors on both sides Congress of the Confederation “earnestly request” restitution for seized property United States will not seize property of Loyalists Release of prisoners of war U.S. and Great Britain given perpetual access to the Mississippi River Territories captured by U.S. returned to Great Britain without compensation
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation Congress had no power to tax No executive power to enforce laws enacted by Congress Congress had no authority to engage in meaningful diplomacy Trade with West Indies Spanish closed Port of New Orleans Congress could not enforce uniform tax or trade policies among the individual states Tariffs differed from state to state Some states paid their debts others did not Some states printed a lot of paper money, others did not
Shay’s Rebellion Daniel Shays a Revolutionary War veteran of Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, Saratoga Shay’s was wounded in action and never paid wages Hauled into court after the war for non-payment of debts John Hancock and Massachusetts war debt Issuance of more currency devalued the money and enabled the debtor to pay off debt at a lower price. Rebels attempted to shut down courts engaging in actions to collect debts and foreclose on farms Western (rural Massachusetts) vs. Eastern Massachusetts) Private militias and federal armories (January 25, 1787 Cannon fire 4 dead; 20 wounded
Adopting the Constitution The Constitutional Convention Delegates in attendance The emergence of James Madison Differing political philosophies and plans The Virginia Plan The New Jersey Plan
Adopting the Constitution The Great Compromise Principles incorporated into the Constitution Separation of powers Nature of the presidency Nature of the judicial branch Examples of countervailing forces in the new government Ratification provisions
The Fight for Ratification Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Arguments for ratification Arguments against ratification
The Fight for Ratification The decision of the states Small states adopt it first Demand for a Bill of Rights Delaware becomes ninth state to ratify Government is formed