WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON9th PresidentFirst President to die in officeJohn Tyler: Vice PresidentVirginia planter and slave-ownerJeffersonian Democratstrict constructionopposed economic nationalismbroke with Jackson over nullificationadded to Whig ticket to obtain votes in South with no expectation ofpolitical power
JOHN TYLERFollowing death of Harrison a Constitutional crisis oversuccessionTyler immediately moved into White HouseTook oath of officeassumed Presidential powersTyler opposed Whig platformmost of Harrison’s cabinet resignedDubbed “His Accidency”Kicked out of Whig Party
JAMES K. POLKPresident from 1844-1849Threatened war with Britain over territory inCanadaMexican WarSecured passage of Walker tariff (low ratepleased South)Polk’s treasury system lasted till 1913
NATIONALISM NATIONALISM AND WESTWARD EXPANSION: DOMINANT ISSUES IN THE1840’S. Boundaries with Canada: finally settled Mexican War and Westward Expansion California Originally settled by Spanish in 1769 to thwart invasion threat by Russians whoestablished trading post off the coast of Oregon Catholic Missionaries and Missions Franciscans Mission building served as Church, fortress and barracks for Spanish soldiers Native Americans forced labor http://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/View/772399/Clip/56830
WESTWARD MIGRATION God ordained the West to be a part of the United States Portrayed as an empty land even though populated by NativeAmericans and Latinos Oregon fever Promise of cheap, empty, fertile land Overland trails Physical hardshipshttp://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/View/772399/Clip/12398
WESTWARD MIGRATION Texas Republic http://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/View/772399/Clip/56828 1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain Southern Migration to Texas Grow cotton and rice in Texas Took slaves with them Avoid Bankruptcy Mexican government Opposed slavery Forbade further migration in 1836 American immigrants Declared Texas Independence in 1836 http://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/View/772399/Clip/56829
WESTWARD MIGRATION Remember the Alamo Texas Independence became a popular cause after the Alamo Battle of San Jacinto: Mexican government recognized TexasIndependence Texans clamored for annexation Northern Abolitionists opposed adding another slave state to union Texas was independent for almost a decade
WESTWARD MIGRATION Mexican War Joint resolution of Congress in 1845 annexed Texas to United States James K. Polk sought to acquire California, New Mexico and Texasthrough negotiations Stand off along Rio Grande American Army insulted Mexican soldiers Mexican Army crossed Rio Grande and U.S declared war
WESTWARD MIGRATION Results of Mexican War 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico ceded California, New Mexico to U.S. and gave up claims to allland North of Rio Grande Vast new territory incited fierce debate over slavery in the new territories Legacy of Westward Expansion http://ahiv.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/View/772399/Clip/56832
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