La Mitrailleuse 1915Oil on canvas777 x 670 x 90C.R. W. Nevinson
 Engulfed the entire globe Harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles    › Unbalanced global economy    › Led to Great Depr...
Sorted by number Mobilized   Germany   Austria-Hungary      7,800,000   1,200,000   3,620,000    2,200,000   Turkey       ...
   Combustible rivalry between Great Britain and    Germany    › The King of England, the German Kaiser, the Russian Czar...
   Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austro-    Hungarian Empire assassinated in June    1914 by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian    ...
Gavrillo PrincipArchduke’s Bloodied Jacket
Princip’s Arrest
Trial of the Black Hand MembersPrincip sentenced to Life in Prison.Lived 3+ years in this cell. TB, boneDisease (required ...
   The Balkans    › The Austro-Hungarians and the Ottomans:      unsteady empires    › Nationalist movements and pan-Slav...
   Summer 1914    › July: Austria issued an ultimatum       A punitive campaign to restore order in Bosnia        and cr...
   Summer 1914    › The Serbs mobilized their army    › July 28, 1914: Austria declared war    › Austria saw the conflict...
   Diplomatic maneuvers    › Germany       Detailed war plans       Kaiser Wilhelm II sent an ultimatum to Russia    › ...
   Diplomatic maneuvers    › August 7, 1914: Montenegrins joined the      Serbs against Austria    › July: the Japanese d...
Europe in 1914, just before WWI
   German war plans    › Designed to suit Germany’s efficient but      small army    › Von Schlieffen Plan—Attack France ...
   German war plans    › Problems       The plan overestimated physical and logistical        capabilities       The sp...
   The Battle of the Marne    › The Western Front       The Great Powers dug in       Trench warfare    › The importanc...
Cheshire Regiment (British) Trench near Alberta-Bapaume RoadJuly 1916 during the Battle of the Somme
   Gallipoli and naval warfare    › Turkish intervention       Threatened Russia’s supply lines       Endangered Britis...
   Gallipoli and naval warfare    › Gallipoli landing (April 25, 1915)       Incompetent naval leadership       Fought ...
   http://firstworldwar.com/photos/maps.ht    m
Australian Troops attempt in vain to take Dardanelles
Ottoman guns mounted on cliffs above the Allied Landing
   A war of attrition    › The nature of modern war    › The total mobilization of resources    › The Allies imposed a na...
 Reliance on Technology Mobilization of entire population War on Civilians Total Devastation left little to recover  o...
Austrian 30.5cm mortar
A German 38cm gun fires the first shot at Fort Douaumont in the battle of Verdun.
American railroad artillery detachment posed on a 14in. rail gun
British heavy artillery
Rail gun Julie with her crew in a camouflaged position.
The weight of the mount and gun - 200 tons
German Soldier next to a rail gun shell
Powder sack used in 16 inch guns
Imagine the size of the shells to fit this breech
German Gun being pulled into action
Named for Bertha Krupp 42 cm gun
British                          French,                          “They Shall NOT                                         ...
Russian                                     American                    American          Italian                         ...
French Soldiers being Gassed
Belgian Soldiers leaving the Front
Greek Soldiers Listen to Sermon before a battle
Italian Soldiers in Formation
Training women soldiers in Russia
Turkish troops Marching to war
Every encouragement should be givenfor singing and whistling"- extract from a Military Manual
“How Long Have You Got, Fred?”
from Bullets & Billets:                               "First Discovered in the Alluvial Deposits                          ...
The Sadness of the Somme, Oil on Plywood by Mary Riter Hamilton
Ravages of War, Charcoal by Mary Riter Hamilton
Canadian Monument, Passchendaele Ridge, Oil on Cardboard by Mary RiterHamilton
Paths of Glory (1917) C.R. W. Nevinson
The Harvest of War, 1917 C.R.W. Nevinson
Pluck” by Eva Dobell (a British Nurse)Crippled for life at seventeen,His great eyes seem to question why:with both legs sm...
First SoulI was a peasant of the Polish plain;I left my plough because the message ran:-Russia, in danger, needed every ma...
Second SoulI was a Tyrolese, a mountaineer;I gladly left my mountain home to fightAgainst the brutal treacherous Muscovite...
Third SoulI worked in Lyons at my weavers loom,When suddenly the Prussian despot hurledHis felon blow at France and at the...
Fourth SoulI owned a vineyard by the wooded Main,Until the Fatherland, begirt by foesLusting her downfall, called me, and ...
Fifth SoulI worked in a great shipyard by the Clyde;There came a sudden word of wars declared,Of Belgium, peaceful, helple...
 Great Depression Bolshevik Revolution Militarization Rise of militant German nationalism Rise of anti-Semitism Crea...
Article Two of the UN Convention on Genocide of December 1948describes genocide as carrying out acts intended to destroy, ...
 January 1918 to December 1920 Between 50 and 100 million died Attacked young, apparently healthy  people between 18-25...
   Serbia lost 40% of its troops (15% of its    population   France, Britain and Germany each lost about    one third of...
   http://www.worldwar1.com   http://voiceseducation.org/content/world-    war-i   http://firstworldwar.com
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
His 102 and 112 WWI power point
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

His 102 and 112 WWI power point

771 views
671 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
771
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
55
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

His 102 and 112 WWI power point

  1. 1. La Mitrailleuse 1915Oil on canvas777 x 670 x 90C.R. W. Nevinson
  2. 2.  Engulfed the entire globe Harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles › Unbalanced global economy › Led to Great Depression › Became a rallying point for NAZI brand of German nationalism Destroyed 3 Empires: Russia, Austro- Hungarian, Ottoman 70 million men mobilized
  3. 3. Sorted by number Mobilized Germany Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 Turkey 2,850,000 325,000 400,000 250,000 Bulgaria 1,200,000 87,500 152,390 27,029These figures from Everett, Susan, The Two World Wars, Vol I - World War I (1980Bison Books)
  4. 4.  Combustible rivalry between Great Britain and Germany › The King of England, the German Kaiser, the Russian Czar and the Empress of Austria-Hungary were cousins—the Grandchildren of Queen Victoria Rivalry over who controlled the seas, who controlled colonies in Africa and the Middle East, whose industrial output was greatest Rivalries › Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Central Powers) vs. › Britain, France, Russia (Triple Entente) Italy (Allied Powers) › Secret Alliances: agreed to go to war to defend satellite nations and each other
  5. 5.  Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austro- Hungarian Empire assassinated in June 1914 by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian national who was a member of the Black Hand
  6. 6. Gavrillo PrincipArchduke’s Bloodied Jacket
  7. 7. Princip’s Arrest
  8. 8. Trial of the Black Hand MembersPrincip sentenced to Life in Prison.Lived 3+ years in this cell. TB, boneDisease (required amputation ofOne arm) and malnutrition killedHim.
  9. 9.  The Balkans › The Austro-Hungarians and the Ottomans: unsteady empires › Nationalist movements and pan-Slavism › Great powers tried to avoid direct intervention › The First Balkan War (1912)  Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria, and Montenegro against the Ottomans
  10. 10.  Summer 1914 › July: Austria issued an ultimatum  A punitive campaign to restore order in Bosnia and crush Serbia  The demands were deliberately unreasonable
  11. 11.  Summer 1914 › The Serbs mobilized their army › July 28, 1914: Austria declared war › Austria saw the conflict as a chance to reassert its authority › Russia saw the conflict as a way to regain the tsar’s authority › July 30, 1914: Russia mobilized its troops to fight Austria and Germany
  12. 12.  Diplomatic maneuvers › Germany  Detailed war plans  Kaiser Wilhelm II sent an ultimatum to Russia › Germany demanded to know French intentions › August 1, 1914: Germany declared war on Russia
  13. 13.  Diplomatic maneuvers › August 7, 1914: Montenegrins joined the Serbs against Austria › July: the Japanese declared war on Germany › August: Turkey allied itself with Germany › A “tragedy of miscalculation”  Little diplomatic communication  Austrian mismanagement  The lure of the first strike
  14. 14. Europe in 1914, just before WWI
  15. 15.  German war plans › Designed to suit Germany’s efficient but small army › Von Schlieffen Plan—Attack France first, neutralize the Western Front, then attack Russia
  16. 16.  German war plans › Problems  The plan overestimated physical and logistical capabilities  The speed of movement was too much for the troops  The resistance of the Belgian army  Frequent changes made to the plan
  17. 17.  The Battle of the Marne › The Western Front  The Great Powers dug in  Trench warfare › The importance of the Marne  Changed Europe’s expectation of war  The war would now be long, costly, and deadly
  18. 18. Cheshire Regiment (British) Trench near Alberta-Bapaume RoadJuly 1916 during the Battle of the Somme
  19. 19.  Gallipoli and naval warfare › Turkish intervention  Threatened Russia’s supply lines  Endangered British control of the Suez Canal › Churchill argued for a naval offensive in the Dardanelles
  20. 20.  Gallipoli and naval warfare › Gallipoli landing (April 25, 1915)  Incompetent naval leadership  Fought for seven months and then the British withdrew  Major Allied defeat
  21. 21.  http://firstworldwar.com/photos/maps.ht m
  22. 22. Australian Troops attempt in vain to take Dardanelles
  23. 23. Ottoman guns mounted on cliffs above the Allied Landing
  24. 24.  A war of attrition › The nature of modern war › The total mobilization of resources › The Allies imposed a naval blockade on Germany › Germany responded with submarine warfare  Germans sank the Lusitania (May 7, 1915)  Almost twelve hundred killed  Provoked the animosity of the United States
  25. 25.  Reliance on Technology Mobilization of entire population War on Civilians Total Devastation left little to recover once hostilities ceased
  26. 26. Austrian 30.5cm mortar
  27. 27. A German 38cm gun fires the first shot at Fort Douaumont in the battle of Verdun.
  28. 28. American railroad artillery detachment posed on a 14in. rail gun
  29. 29. British heavy artillery
  30. 30. Rail gun Julie with her crew in a camouflaged position.
  31. 31. The weight of the mount and gun - 200 tons
  32. 32. German Soldier next to a rail gun shell
  33. 33. Powder sack used in 16 inch guns
  34. 34. Imagine the size of the shells to fit this breech
  35. 35. German Gun being pulled into action
  36. 36. Named for Bertha Krupp 42 cm gun
  37. 37. British French, “They Shall NOT German, “Punish Pass!” England!”War Posters: Propaganda, Recruitment, Mobilization
  38. 38. Russian American American Italian Australian
  39. 39. French Soldiers being Gassed
  40. 40. Belgian Soldiers leaving the Front
  41. 41. Greek Soldiers Listen to Sermon before a battle
  42. 42. Italian Soldiers in Formation
  43. 43. Training women soldiers in Russia
  44. 44. Turkish troops Marching to war
  45. 45. Every encouragement should be givenfor singing and whistling"- extract from a Military Manual
  46. 46. “How Long Have You Got, Fred?”
  47. 47. from Bullets & Billets: "First Discovered in the Alluvial Deposits of Southern Flanders. Feeds Almost Exclusively on Jam and Water Biscuits. Hobby: Filling Sandbags, on Dark and Rainy Nights".Bruce Bairnsfather, creator
  48. 48. The Sadness of the Somme, Oil on Plywood by Mary Riter Hamilton
  49. 49. Ravages of War, Charcoal by Mary Riter Hamilton
  50. 50. Canadian Monument, Passchendaele Ridge, Oil on Cardboard by Mary RiterHamilton
  51. 51. Paths of Glory (1917) C.R. W. Nevinson
  52. 52. The Harvest of War, 1917 C.R.W. Nevinson
  53. 53. Pluck” by Eva Dobell (a British Nurse)Crippled for life at seventeen,His great eyes seem to question why:with both legs smashed it might have beenBetter in that grim trench to dieThan drag maimed years out helplessly.A child-so wasted and so white,He told a lie to get his way,To march, a man with men, and fightWhile other boys are still at play.A gallant lie your heart will say.So broke with pain, he shrinks in dread “To see the dresser drawing near;and winds the clothes about his headThat none may see his heart-sick fear.His shaking, strangled sobs you hear.But when the dreaded moments thereHell face us all, a soldier yet,Watch his bared wounds with unmoved air,(Though tell-tale lashes still are wet),And smoke his Woodbine cigarette.
  54. 54. First SoulI was a peasant of the Polish plain;I left my plough because the message ran:-Russia, in danger, needed every manTo save her from the Teuton; and was slain.I gave my life for freedom—This I knowFor those who bade me fight had told me so.
  55. 55. Second SoulI was a Tyrolese, a mountaineer;I gladly left my mountain home to fightAgainst the brutal treacherous Muscovite;And died in Poland on a Cossack spear.I gave my life for freedom—This I knowFor those who bade me fight had told me so.
  56. 56. Third SoulI worked in Lyons at my weavers loom,When suddenly the Prussian despot hurledHis felon blow at France and at the world;Then I went forth to Belgium and my doom.
  57. 57. Fourth SoulI owned a vineyard by the wooded Main,Until the Fatherland, begirt by foesLusting her downfall, called me, and I roseSwift to the call—and died in far Lorraine.
  58. 58. Fifth SoulI worked in a great shipyard by the Clyde;There came a sudden word of wars declared,Of Belgium, peaceful, helpless, unprepared,Asking our aid: I joined the ranks, and died. I gave my life for freedom—This I knowFor those who bade me fight had told me so.
  59. 59.  Great Depression Bolshevik Revolution Militarization Rise of militant German nationalism Rise of anti-Semitism Creation of new states without regard for the ethnic and historical conflicts between peoples of different cultures
  60. 60. Article Two of the UN Convention on Genocide of December 1948describes genocide as carrying out acts intended to destroy, in wholeor in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6045182.st m
  61. 61.  January 1918 to December 1920 Between 50 and 100 million died Attacked young, apparently healthy people between 18-25 years of age 500 million, or 27% of the world’s population, were infected
  62. 62.  Serbia lost 40% of its troops (15% of its population France, Britain and Germany each lost about one third of their men aged 19-22. Disillusionment among the survivors about nationalism, the political class › Russian mistrust of Western Democracies › American isolationism Europe no longer the center of the world economy Disillusionment: a generation of men slaughtered to no apparent end.
  63. 63.  http://www.worldwar1.com http://voiceseducation.org/content/world- war-i http://firstworldwar.com

×