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  1. 1. Sexuality<br />Chapter 12<br />Desiree Cunningham<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Everyone is a sexual being, with or without a partner<br /><ul><li>Throughout life society shapes and limits sexuality in different ways
  3. 3. Sexual desires often reflect influences, sexual acts may feel affirming or degrading
  4. 4. Within childhood years, the body acts as a sense of home
  5. 5. Over time adults and experiences shapes children’s views of sexuality </li></li></ul><li>Body Image<br />Unfortunately, people may view themselves through the eyes of others<br /><ul><li>Sexuality is influences through body image, thus resulting in constriction or assertiveness as a sexual being
  6. 6. Stereotypes about sexuality have arisen through racism, white dominance, etc.
  7. 7. Lesbians for example are stereotyped as ugly, masculine and assertive
  8. 8. The term “slut” is used commonly as a negative connotation of a female sexual being
  9. 9. Stereotypes effect desires by causing deconstructive self-reflections that suppress feelings </li></li></ul><li>Power in Sex<br />Men in a sense are more powerful in society, a fact that can surface through sex<br />“Power dynamics” if employed correctly can develop respectful satisfying relationships for both partners<br /><ul><li>Women experience more abuse, from both men and women
  10. 10. Violent sexual experiences shape future sexuality in many cases
  11. 11. Sex should never be used as a form of dominance in any relationship</li></li></ul><li>Religion and Spirituality <br />Many religious and spiritual affiliations influence the sexuality of their believers<br /><ul><li>Sexual pleasure can be felt physically, emotionally, spiritually or intellectually
  12. 12. Any action or thought can spark sexual excitement or criticism
  13. 13. Sexual pleasure is a universal human right, whether any religious preference or spirituality a person may be
  14. 14. Restrictions on sex life through religious methods can leave negative impressions on sexuality
  15. 15. Suppression of sex can cause guilt in some cases, and in others form a new desire for change
  16. 16. Spirituality can be positively associated with sexuality, forming a new sense of unity in relations</li></li></ul><li>Desire “spontaneous motivation to have sex”<br />Women’s main focus should be on desiring themselves, not being desired by a partner<br /><ul><li>Historically, women learned sex was for reproduction not pleasure (very incorrect)
  17. 17. Society portrays men as sexually dominant and women as passive
  18. 18. “Discrepancy” in desires among relationships can cause tension in couples
  19. 19. We must change how desire is defined, urging for new intimacy and new sexual desires
  20. 20. Media outlets portray desire narrowly
  21. 21. Desire is not a medical issue and should not be looked at through a medicinal perspective
  22. 22. To obtain full desires, women should have access to proper education, effective birth control and disease control and understand legalized abortion methods</li></li></ul><li>Arousal and Response<br />Two Models of Sexual Response<br />Sexual response is a series of both physical and emotional stages<br />There is no correct way to respond to sex, responses can change over time<br />William Master’s & Virginia Johnson<br /><ul><li>Study displayed idea that orgasm and intercourse were necessary
  23. 23. Four stages of response</li></ul>Excitement<br />Plateau<br />Climax<br />Resolution<br />Gina Odgen<br /><ul><li>Looked at response much differently
  24. 24. Believed sex was “Three dancing spheres of energy”</li></ul>Pleasure<br />Orgasm<br />Ecstasy <br />
  25. 25. Orgasm<br /><ul><li>Orgasms are primarily a physical response to sexual activity but are emotional as well
  26. 26. Many different parts of the vagina can spark orgasm, and every body is different
  27. 27. The most common stimulation for orgasm is clitoral
  28. 28. Sexual tension will subside if an orgasm is not reached, however the body of both male and female may ache
  29. 29. Orgasms can occur once or multiple times
  30. 30. Not all people orgasm, understanding and exploring your body can aid in reaching orgasm
  31. 31. Factors like sexual, physical and emotional abuse can effect</li></ul>*Note: There are multiple resources available to learn how to achieve orgasms<br />
  32. 32. G Spot & Female Ejaculation<br />The G Spot is also known as the urethral sponge, and is erectile tissue surrounding the urethra<br /><ul><li>The urethra is located about 2 or 3 inches into the front wall of the vagina
  33. 33. Ejaculation, similar to male ejaculation, is caused by stimulation and results in releasing fluid
  34. 34. Ejaculation can occur with or without having an orgasm 
  35. 35. HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases can be transmitted through female ejaculation fluids</li></li></ul><li>Masturbation<br />Sexually touching one’s self & exploring sexual pleasures<br /><ul><li> Parents, schools and religious institutions have labeled masturbation “bad” in the past
  36. 36. Masturbation allows both men and women to be less dependent on partners
  37. 37. Masturbation is healthy and can even help keep vaginal tissue moist during menopause
  38. 38. If you have a negative connotation of masturbation, this can change over time
  39. 39. If trying masturbation, a person should seek a place that is comfortable and uninterrupted
  40. 40. Not everyone enjoys masturbating, it is a personal preference and no judgments should be passed</li></li></ul><li>Medications & Hormones<br /><ul><li>It is important to know medications can effect desires, especially anti-depressants
  41. 41. Medications and hormones can cause inability to orgasm
  42. 42. Estrogen, Progesterone and Testosterone (all in women) effect desires
  43. 43. If there are problems resulting from medications or birth controls, seek a change</li></ul>Many different things can effect hormones<br />Menstrual cycles<br />Birth control<br />Pregnancy<br />Nursing children<br />Menopause<br />Adrenal and Ovary removal<br />
  44. 44. Sexual Expression<br />Virginity<br /><ul><li>By tradition someone who hasn’t had sexual intercourse
  45. 45. Societal pressures are placed on women to remain virgins
  46. 46. It is important to think about the decision of engaging in sexual activity
  47. 47. We have the right to say yes and no</li></ul>Celibacy<br /><ul><li>Choosing not to marryor choosing not to engage in sexual activity with a partner
  48. 48. Often influenced by religious beliefs
  49. 49. Can offer distance and solitude</li></ul>Lovemaking<br /><ul><li>“massaging, hugging, licking, kissing, caressing, biting…etc” with a partner
  50. 50. Can be pleasurable but more multi-faceted because of another person
  51. 51. Safe sex should always be a goal of lovemaking</li></li></ul><li>Lovemaking<br />With a man<br /><ul><li>Usually associated with intercourse
  52. 52. May only offer indirect clitoral stimulation
  53. 53. “Foreplay” aids in intercourse but is actually defined as “outercourse” or all the rest of the things done in bed with a partner</li></ul>With a woman<br /><ul><li>No single definition of how a woman should be sexual with another woman
  54. 54. Chance to move away from “male-defined sexuality”</li></li></ul><li>Penetration & Intercourse<br />Vaginal Penetration<br /><ul><li>Thought of as a reciprocal act, and offers many variations
  55. 55. Vagina should be wet with fluids from the vagina or lubricant
  56. 56. Protection should be used in penetration whether through the fingers, tongue, etc.</li></ul>Intercourse<br /><ul><li>For intercourse to gain pleasure a person must have sexual excitement
  57. 57. Should also be lubricated
  58. 58. Vaseline and oils can wreck condoms and diaphragms
  59. 59. Penetration can be unpleasant if using the “in and out” method instead of making love</li></li></ul><li>Pain associated with Penetration<br />Local Infection: things like yeast infections, herpes sores, etc. that make the friction of sex painful<br />Local Irritation: can occur from irritation due to common things like birth control, condoms, tampons, etc.<br />Insufficient Lubrication: anything can cause the vagina to seize producing natural lubrication, saliva can offer a similar natural lubricant, lubes offered from stores, and lubricated condoms<br />Tightness: first time intercourse, tense state of mind, and timing can all cause tightness of the vagina<br />Pain deep in pelvis: thrusting can cause adhesions or scares due to tears in the vagina<br />Vulvodynia: burning or stinging making penetration painful<br />Vaginismus: involuntary tightening of vaginal muscles, even spasms<br />Female Genital Cutting: right of passage culturally in countries like Africa and Asia, part of the clitoris or labia is removed and the vagina opening is sewed together, preventing penetration<br />
  60. 60. Other Forms of Sex<br />Fantasies<br /><ul><li>Everyone has fantasies, individual choice to share
  61. 61. Accepting partner’s fantasies can be difficult
  62. 62. It is important to accept fantasies and understand they are ok, fantasies are our choice, and do not mean we want them to be acted upon by someone</li></ul>Anal Stimulation<br /><ul><li>Can be stimulated through many ways including penetration
  63. 63. Very sensitive area and lubricant can aid
  64. 64. Should be gentle, go slow, and listen to your partner
  65. 65. Dangerous for transmitting sexual diseases
  66. 66. Everyone does not enjoy anal sex</li></ul>Oral<br /><ul><li>Licking our partners genitals
  67. 67. Helps if you feel good about yourself and your partner
  68. 68. HIV/ AIDS and other diseases can be transmitted so protection is helpful</li></li></ul><li>Sex and Disability<br /><ul><li> Because disability can trigger feelings like alienation, or non attachment to the body sex can be influenced by feelings of embarrassment or shame
  69. 69. Positive experiences with trusted partners can change negative sexual experiences
  70. 70. Disabilities often are misunderstood, knowledge can provide aid in helping your partner understand
  71. 71. Small inconveniences can be monumental barriers in relationships
  72. 72. It is often hard for a person with a disability to decide how much to disclose about their disability at one time
  73. 73. Communication helps in all aspects of a disability
  74. 74. In some cases, orgasms can help aid pain caused by disability</li></li></ul><li>Conclusively…<br />My favorite quote:<br />“I watch my daughter. From morning to night, her body is her home. She lives in it and with it…It’s so hard to get back that sense of body as home.” <br />Pg. # 187<br />Discussion Question:<br />What do you believe are the most challenging aspects of sexuality for women? Is it acceptance of our bodies? Finding trustful comforting partners? Or even dealing with the struggles that come from the sexual life of a women (birth control, disease prevention, pregnancy, etc.)?<br />