Sexuality
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Women's Health Powerpoint

Women's Health Powerpoint

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Sexuality Sexuality Presentation Transcript

  • Sexuality
    Chapter 12
    Desiree Cunningham
  • Introduction
    Everyone is a sexual being, with or without a partner
    • Throughout life society shapes and limits sexuality in different ways
    • Sexual desires often reflect influences, sexual acts may feel affirming or degrading
    • Within childhood years, the body acts as a sense of home
    • Over time adults and experiences shapes children’s views of sexuality
  • Body Image
    Unfortunately, people may view themselves through the eyes of others
    • Sexuality is influences through body image, thus resulting in constriction or assertiveness as a sexual being
    • Stereotypes about sexuality have arisen through racism, white dominance, etc.
    • Lesbians for example are stereotyped as ugly, masculine and assertive
    • The term “slut” is used commonly as a negative connotation of a female sexual being
    • Stereotypes effect desires by causing deconstructive self-reflections that suppress feelings
  • Power in Sex
    Men in a sense are more powerful in society, a fact that can surface through sex
    “Power dynamics” if employed correctly can develop respectful satisfying relationships for both partners
    • Women experience more abuse, from both men and women
    • Violent sexual experiences shape future sexuality in many cases
    • Sex should never be used as a form of dominance in any relationship
  • Religion and Spirituality
    Many religious and spiritual affiliations influence the sexuality of their believers
    • Sexual pleasure can be felt physically, emotionally, spiritually or intellectually
    • Any action or thought can spark sexual excitement or criticism
    • Sexual pleasure is a universal human right, whether any religious preference or spirituality a person may be
    • Restrictions on sex life through religious methods can leave negative impressions on sexuality
    • Suppression of sex can cause guilt in some cases, and in others form a new desire for change
    • Spirituality can be positively associated with sexuality, forming a new sense of unity in relations
  • Desire “spontaneous motivation to have sex”
    Women’s main focus should be on desiring themselves, not being desired by a partner
    • Historically, women learned sex was for reproduction not pleasure (very incorrect)
    • Society portrays men as sexually dominant and women as passive
    • “Discrepancy” in desires among relationships can cause tension in couples
    • We must change how desire is defined, urging for new intimacy and new sexual desires
    • Media outlets portray desire narrowly
    • Desire is not a medical issue and should not be looked at through a medicinal perspective
    • To obtain full desires, women should have access to proper education, effective birth control and disease control and understand legalized abortion methods
  • Arousal and Response
    Two Models of Sexual Response
    Sexual response is a series of both physical and emotional stages
    There is no correct way to respond to sex, responses can change over time
    William Master’s & Virginia Johnson
    • Study displayed idea that orgasm and intercourse were necessary
    • Four stages of response
    Excitement
    Plateau
    Climax
    Resolution
    Gina Odgen
    • Looked at response much differently
    • Believed sex was “Three dancing spheres of energy”
    Pleasure
    Orgasm
    Ecstasy
  • Orgasm
    • Orgasms are primarily a physical response to sexual activity but are emotional as well
    • Many different parts of the vagina can spark orgasm, and every body is different
    • The most common stimulation for orgasm is clitoral
    • Sexual tension will subside if an orgasm is not reached, however the body of both male and female may ache
    • Orgasms can occur once or multiple times
    • Not all people orgasm, understanding and exploring your body can aid in reaching orgasm
    • Factors like sexual, physical and emotional abuse can effect
    *Note: There are multiple resources available to learn how to achieve orgasms
  • G Spot & Female Ejaculation
    The G Spot is also known as the urethral sponge, and is erectile tissue surrounding the urethra
    • The urethra is located about 2 or 3 inches into the front wall of the vagina
    • Ejaculation, similar to male ejaculation, is caused by stimulation and results in releasing fluid
    • Ejaculation can occur with or without having an orgasm 
    • HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases can be transmitted through female ejaculation fluids
  • Masturbation
    Sexually touching one’s self & exploring sexual pleasures
    •  Parents, schools and religious institutions have labeled masturbation “bad” in the past
    • Masturbation allows both men and women to be less dependent on partners
    • Masturbation is healthy and can even help keep vaginal tissue moist during menopause
    • If you have a negative connotation of masturbation, this can change over time
    • If trying masturbation, a person should seek a place that is comfortable and uninterrupted
    • Not everyone enjoys masturbating, it is a personal preference and no judgments should be passed
  • Medications & Hormones
    • It is important to know medications can effect desires, especially anti-depressants
    • Medications and hormones can cause inability to orgasm
    • Estrogen, Progesterone and Testosterone (all in women) effect desires
    • If there are problems resulting from medications or birth controls, seek a change
    Many different things can effect hormones
    Menstrual cycles
    Birth control
    Pregnancy
    Nursing children
    Menopause
    Adrenal and Ovary removal
  • Sexual Expression
    Virginity
    • By tradition someone who hasn’t had sexual intercourse
    • Societal pressures are placed on women to remain virgins
    • It is important to think about the decision of engaging in sexual activity
    • We have the right to say yes and no
    Celibacy
    • Choosing not to marryor choosing not to engage in sexual activity with a partner
    • Often influenced by religious beliefs
    • Can offer distance and solitude
    Lovemaking
    • “massaging, hugging, licking, kissing, caressing, biting…etc” with a partner
    • Can be pleasurable but more multi-faceted because of another person
    • Safe sex should always be a goal of lovemaking
  • Lovemaking
    With a man
    • Usually associated with intercourse
    • May only offer indirect clitoral stimulation
    • “Foreplay” aids in intercourse but is actually defined as “outercourse” or all the rest of the things done in bed with a partner
    With a woman
    • No single definition of how a woman should be sexual with another woman
    • Chance to move away from “male-defined sexuality”
  • Penetration & Intercourse
    Vaginal Penetration
    • Thought of as a reciprocal act, and offers many variations
    • Vagina should be wet with fluids from the vagina or lubricant
    • Protection should be used in penetration whether through the fingers, tongue, etc.
    Intercourse
    • For intercourse to gain pleasure a person must have sexual excitement
    • Should also be lubricated
    • Vaseline and oils can wreck condoms and diaphragms
    • Penetration can be unpleasant if using the “in and out” method instead of making love
  • Pain associated with Penetration
    Local Infection: things like yeast infections, herpes sores, etc. that make the friction of sex painful
    Local Irritation: can occur from irritation due to common things like birth control, condoms, tampons, etc.
    Insufficient Lubrication: anything can cause the vagina to seize producing natural lubrication, saliva can offer a similar natural lubricant, lubes offered from stores, and lubricated condoms
    Tightness: first time intercourse, tense state of mind, and timing can all cause tightness of the vagina
    Pain deep in pelvis: thrusting can cause adhesions or scares due to tears in the vagina
    Vulvodynia: burning or stinging making penetration painful
    Vaginismus: involuntary tightening of vaginal muscles, even spasms
    Female Genital Cutting: right of passage culturally in countries like Africa and Asia, part of the clitoris or labia is removed and the vagina opening is sewed together, preventing penetration
  • Other Forms of Sex
    Fantasies
    • Everyone has fantasies, individual choice to share
    • Accepting partner’s fantasies can be difficult
    • It is important to accept fantasies and understand they are ok, fantasies are our choice, and do not mean we want them to be acted upon by someone
    Anal Stimulation
    • Can be stimulated through many ways including penetration
    • Very sensitive area and lubricant can aid
    • Should be gentle, go slow, and listen to your partner
    • Dangerous for transmitting sexual diseases
    • Everyone does not enjoy anal sex
    Oral
    • Licking our partners genitals
    • Helps if you feel good about yourself and your partner
    • HIV/ AIDS and other diseases can be transmitted so protection is helpful
  • Sex and Disability
    •  Because disability can trigger feelings like alienation, or non attachment to the body sex can be influenced by feelings of embarrassment or shame
    • Positive experiences with trusted partners can change negative sexual experiences
    • Disabilities often are misunderstood, knowledge can provide aid in helping your partner understand
    • Small inconveniences can be monumental barriers in relationships
    • It is often hard for a person with a disability to decide how much to disclose about their disability at one time
    • Communication helps in all aspects of a disability
    • In some cases, orgasms can help aid pain caused by disability
  • Conclusively…
    My favorite quote:
    “I watch my daughter. From morning to night, her body is her home. She lives in it and with it…It’s so hard to get back that sense of body as home.”
    Pg. # 187
    Discussion Question:
    What do you believe are the most challenging aspects of sexuality for women? Is it acceptance of our bodies? Finding trustful comforting partners? Or even dealing with the struggles that come from the sexual life of a women (birth control, disease prevention, pregnancy, etc.)?