Formatting and Styling
Formatting 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
Radio <ul><li>Visuals are absent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music, sound, and microphone positions are essential </li></ul></ul...
Television <ul><li>Single-column </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used for screenplays, single-camera, and TV shows </li></ul></u...
… <ul><li>Two-column format (multi-camera norm) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left side: video directions/director’s cues </li></u...
Film/Screenplay <ul><li>Sequences are consecutively numbered  </li></ul><ul><li>Video column contains all video directions...
… <ul><li>Films are shot out of sequence  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the numbering of the sequences is optional:  </li></ul></u...
Writing a Screenplay <ul><li>1 st : write a summary/outline </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd : treatment/scenario: more detailed run...
Audio Formats of a Screenplay <ul><li>Left side: technical instructions and sources for each channel and sound </li></ul><...
Writers and Directors <ul><li>The writers in the film must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe his/her mental pictures in his/...
05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com Style: Writing for the eye
Be Brief <ul><li>Writing for print: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can make the presentation as long or short as needed for maximum...
Retain an Informal Tone <ul><li>Get the point across in an understandable way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have one chance <...
Be Specific <ul><li>Vague and general information tends to confuse audience members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it Simple, ...
Personalize <ul><li>Demographics:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>critical to understanding  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>critical to...
Be Natural <ul><li>Don’t: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use flowery language with high style  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use simpl...
Accuracy and Research <ul><li>Do thorough research beforehand </li></ul><ul><li>Check credibility of internet sources befo...
The Computer <ul><li>Aside from using a computer there are various writing methods, such as a word processor, hand writing...
Software Types <ul><li>Three main types of software used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database: files and retrieves information ...
Computers and the Screenplay <ul><li>Most screenwriters in recent years have used “story development software” such as: </...
… <ul><ul><li>Write a Blockbuster: takes you step by step through the process of writing screen plays that are similar to ...
Computers and the News <ul><li>Used in several ways for newspaper and broadcast news: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The actual wri...
Computers in Production <ul><li>Writer-producer or writer-director can use the computer to break down every production ite...
… <ul><li>Software can also provide a production board: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists every element in any scene, which incl...
Internet Format and Style <ul><li>Guidelines to create ‘reader friendly’ web sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t use fonts ...
… <ul><ul><li>5. Keep text organized in small, digestible, bulleted “textbites” and avoid wide columns and long paragraphs...
<ul><li>Shane Hannah  Leonard </li></ul>Created by:
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Formatting And Styling

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Formatting And Styling

  1. 1. Formatting and Styling
  2. 2. Formatting 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  3. 3. Radio <ul><li>Visuals are absent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>music, sound, and microphone positions are essential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single-column format (normally) </li></ul><ul><li>Two-column format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left side: production information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right side: directions and dialogue </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  4. 4. Television <ul><li>Single-column </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used for screenplays, single-camera, and TV shows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formatted like a stage play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essential character movements added to dialogue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No video/audio technology inserted </li></ul></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  5. 5. … <ul><li>Two-column format (multi-camera norm) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left side: video directions/director’s cues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right side: audio information/dialogue </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  6. 6. Film/Screenplay <ul><li>Sequences are consecutively numbered </li></ul><ul><li>Video column contains all video directions </li></ul><ul><li>Writer fuses visuals instead of dialogue to tell story </li></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  7. 7. … <ul><li>Films are shot out of sequence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the numbering of the sequences is optional: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- it can take away from the flow of the story </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>+ can organize story better </li></ul></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  8. 8. Writing a Screenplay <ul><li>1 st : write a summary/outline </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd : treatment/scenario: more detailed rundown of plot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>info of setting, plot, characters and sometimes bits of dialogue </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  9. 9. Audio Formats of a Screenplay <ul><li>Left side: technical instructions and sources for each channel and sound </li></ul><ul><li>Right side: description of actual audio content, narrative or dialogue </li></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  10. 10. Writers and Directors <ul><li>The writers in the film must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe his/her mental pictures in his/her script </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The directors in the film must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide how to use the actors, cameras and shots in order to portray the images the writer has created </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  11. 11. 05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com Style: Writing for the eye
  12. 12. Be Brief <ul><li>Writing for print: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can make the presentation as long or short as needed for maximum effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The same presentation for radio/TV: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>must fit into a :30 sec. spot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no more than 100 hundred words. </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  13. 13. Retain an Informal Tone <ul><li>Get the point across in an understandable way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have one chance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal language may be used only for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>documentaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But Keep It Simple </li></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  14. 14. Be Specific <ul><li>Vague and general information tends to confuse audience members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it Simple, Specific and Clear </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content can be significant and sophisticated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write it in a way that audiences can relate to </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  15. 15. Personalize <ul><li>Demographics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>critical to understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>critical to reaching a specific audience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relate content and style to the audience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>try to relate to each individual audience member </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  16. 16. Be Natural <ul><li>Don’t: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use flowery language with high style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use simple uncluttered sentences with low style </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  17. 17. Accuracy and Research <ul><li>Do thorough research beforehand </li></ul><ul><li>Check credibility of internet sources before using </li></ul><ul><li>KNOW THE FACTS BEFORE WRITING </li></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  18. 18. The Computer <ul><li>Aside from using a computer there are various writing methods, such as a word processor, hand writing, and a typewriter </li></ul><ul><li>To be a successful writer, you will need to be able to use all of the skills </li></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  19. 19. Software Types <ul><li>Three main types of software used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database: files and retrieves information in any format needed to design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet: keeps track of financial information and budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications: releases script from confines of the desk (ability to share files) </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  20. 20. Computers and the Screenplay <ul><li>Most screenwriters in recent years have used “story development software” such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scriptzone: analyzes screenplay to determine weather comparable elements in screenplay need similar revisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scriptdude: software to virtually develop the storyline, characters and dialogue </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  21. 21. … <ul><ul><li>Write a Blockbuster: takes you step by step through the process of writing screen plays that are similar to the ones that have been most successful in Hollywood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Draft: provides writers format for the screenplay </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  22. 22. Computers and the News <ul><li>Used in several ways for newspaper and broadcast news: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The actual writing and editing of a story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating graphics, including charts, graphs, maps, and other visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessing information, obtaining databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laying out the pages and designing format for the issue </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  23. 23. Computers in Production <ul><li>Writer-producer or writer-director can use the computer to break down every production item required by the script including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Costume needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every special effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All audio effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of extras required and their costumes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All props </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  24. 24. … <ul><li>Software can also provide a production board: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists every element in any scene, which includes boxes to be checked as each item is accounted for </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  25. 25. Internet Format and Style <ul><li>Guidelines to create ‘reader friendly’ web sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t use fonts smaller then 12 point in size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At large sizes, any font is ok, smaller sizes use sans-serif font </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid tight spacing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space between lines of text should be set one or 2 points higher then the actual font size </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  26. 26. … <ul><ul><li>5. Keep text organized in small, digestible, bulleted “textbites” and avoid wide columns and long paragraphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Restrict text color to those hues that allow the text the be as readable as possible against the background color (or image) of the page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Try to limit the amount of text on any single page </li></ul></ul>05/27/09 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com
  27. 27. <ul><li>Shane Hannah Leonard </li></ul>Created by:

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