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Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2
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Levels of archaeological theory illustrated 2

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Transcript

  • 1. Levels of Archaeological Theory<br />Low-Level—Describe Data (observation/generalization—classification)<br />Middle-Level—Describe Function (Experimental Archaeology/Ethnoarchaeology)<br />High-Level—Explain(Cultural Materialism-Processual Agenda)<br />Postprocessual Critique—Explain(Postmodernist interpretivism)<br />
  • 2. Ancient Hoko River Fishhooks<br />Low-Level—Describe Data (observation/generalization—classification)<br />
  • 3.
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  • 8. Ancient Hoko River Baskets<br />Low-Level—Describe Data (observation/generalization—classification)<br />
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Basket attributes (Croes, 1977)<br />
  • 13. Basket shapes (Croes, 1977)<br />
  • 14. Sample basket type,<br />(Lachane, BC, ~2000 BP)<br />
  • 15. Ancient Hoko River Fishhooks<br />Low-Level—Describe Data (observation/generalization—classification)<br />
  • 16.
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  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. Ancient Hoko River Fishhooks<br />Middle-Level—Describe Function (Experimental Archaeology/Ethnoarchaeology)<br />
  • 33.
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  • 48.
  • 49.
  • 50.
  • 51. Ancient Hoko River Fishhooks<br />High-Level—Explain(Cultural Materialism-Processual Agenda)<br />
  • 52. One way (a materialist approach) to classify (separate) components of a culture<br />Infrastructure<br />Modes of Production and Reproduction<br />Structure<br />Domestic and Political Organization<br />Superstructure<br />Values and Beliefs<br />Ideational<br />Adaptive<br />
  • 53. Musqueam NE<br />3,000 BP<br />Hoko River<br />
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56. Basketry attribute unrooted cladogram<br />~500 BP<br />~3,000 BP<br />~2,000 BP<br />~1,000 BP<br />~3,000 BP<br />~1,000 BP<br />~1,000 BP<br />~2,000 BP<br />~2,000 BP<br />
  • 57. Basketry Attributes<br />Rooted Cladogram<br />
  • 58. Musqueam NE<br />Water Hazard<br />Conway<br /> Fishtown<br />Hoko River<br />Ozette<br />A<br />C<br />Biederbost<br />~3000 BP<br />~2000 BP<br />Qwu?gwes<br />~1000 BP<br />
  • 59. Phases<br />based on stone<br />bone and shell <br />artifacts<br />Coast Salish<br />Wakashan<br />Basketry/Ethnic Traditions<br />
  • 60. Slanted Cladogram<br />Based on basketry attributes<br />3,000 years of cultural identity through specific basketry styles for Squaxin Island Tribe and all Coast Salish Peoples<br />
  • 61.
  • 62. A<br />C<br />B<br />
  • 63.
  • 64. One way (a materialist approach) to classify (separate) components of a culture<br />Infrastructure<br />Modes of Production and Reproduction<br />Structure<br />Domestic and Political Organization<br />Superstructure<br />Values and Beliefs<br />Ideational<br />Adaptive<br />
  • 65. Ancient Hoko River Fishhooks<br />Postprocessual Critique—Explain(Postmodernist interpretivism)<br />
  • 66.
  • 67.
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 70.
  • 71.
  • 72. Hoko River<br />Vincent Cooke<br />Excavating<br />A 3000 yr old<br />Cedar Bark<br />Cape and <br />Pack Basket<br />
  • 73.
  • 74.
  • 75.
  • 76.
  • 77. The Post-processual critique rejects:<br />The cultural evolutionary generalizations<br />The processual search for universal laws<br />Explicitly scientific methods<br />The processual emphasis on objectivity and ethical neutrality<br />The processual view of culture as an extrasomatic means of adaptation<br />The processual emphasis on etic phenomena<br />

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