OER-Unesco June08


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  • OER-Unesco June08

    1. 1. MAN First Pan-African Forum on OER 28 May 2008 Accra, Ghana A Way Forward for Open Educational Resources Deliberations of an international community Catriona Savage UNESCO
    2. 2. Structure of the session <ul><li>OER: an overview and some examples </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO: its mission and action on OER </li></ul><ul><li>An international community: the UNESCO IIEP initiative </li></ul><ul><li>The community speaks: the Way Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: next steps </li></ul>
    3. 3. OER: a definition <ul><li>Web-based materials offered freely and openly for use and reuse in teaching, learning and research </li></ul><ul><li>(UNESCO, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Only open if they are released under an open licence </li></ul><ul><li>Includes any tool, material or technique used to support access to knowledge </li></ul>
    4. 4. OER: milestones in the movement <ul><li>1998: “open content” and the Open Publication License </li></ul><ul><li>2001: founding of Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>2001: MIT announces OpenCourseWare </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Cape Town Declaration <ul><li>“…a statement of principle, a statement of strategy and a statement of commitment … meant to spark dialogue, to inspire action and to help the open education movement grow.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Cape Town Open Education Declaration, 2008) </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>What approaches have providers taken to making content freely and openly available? </li></ul>
    7. 8. MIT OpenCourseWare <ul><li>Institutional, faculty response to challenge of online education </li></ul><ul><li>2002: launched 50-course pilot </li></ul><ul><li>2008: almost all course materials available for over 2,000 subjects </li></ul><ul><li>An adventure! (Charles Vest) </li></ul>
    8. 10. Rice University Connexions <ul><li>Individual response to limitations of traditional textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>The vision: “textbooks adapted to many learning styles and translated into myriad languages… textbooks that are continually updated and corrected by a legion of contributors” (Rich Baraniuk) </li></ul><ul><li>The result: an environment for developing, sharing and publishing academic content on the web </li></ul>
    9. 12. University of the Western Cape Free Courseware Project <ul><li>Promoting use of OER by UWC students and staff </li></ul><ul><li>Creating and publishing free and open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness about free and open access to knowledge in wider community </li></ul>
    10. 14. University of Cape Town <ul><li>OpeningScholarship – research into potential impact of OER and Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Health OER – partnership with University of Michigan and University of Ghana to create OER for medicine and health sciences </li></ul>
    11. 16. African Virtual University OER Architecture <ul><li>Aims to promote collaborative partnerships among African institutions for the four elements of the OER ‘evolutionary process’: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization </li></ul></ul>
    12. 17. <ul><li>What action is UNESCO taking? </li></ul>
    13. 18. UNESCO: five strategic objectives <ul><li>Capacity builder in Member States </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst for international cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse </li></ul><ul><li>Standard setter </li></ul>
    14. 19. OER: the need for awareness raising <ul><li>Potential of OER to contribute to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education for All </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building knowledge societies – especially ‘knowledge-sharing societies’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>No awareness of availability  resources not utilized and potential of OER not realized </li></ul>
    15. 20. A donor vision: the Hewlett change strategy <ul><li>Aim: to equalize access to knowledge through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsoring high quality content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding and stimulating use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing barriers </li></ul></ul>
    16. 21. Aims of the IIEP OER initiative <ul><li>International dialogue and information exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Linking people who might not otherwise meet </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an international OER community </li></ul>
    17. 22. Steps in the creation of a community <ul><li>Forum 1: an introduction to OER </li></ul><ul><li>Short discussions on key topics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OER research agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A ‘Do-It-Yourself/Do-It-Together’ resource for developing capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOSS for OER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forum 2: OECD study on OER </li></ul><ul><li>Resources made available on website and wiki </li></ul>
    18. 24. <ul><li>After two years of intense reflection and discussion, what did the community have to say about the priorities for advancing the OER movement? </li></ul>
    19. 25. What are the characteristics of the community? <ul><li>600+ members </li></ul><ul><li>98 countries </li></ul><ul><li>67 developing countries </li></ul>
    20. 26. Who are the African community members? <ul><li>27 countries </li></ul><ul><li>100+ members </li></ul><ul><li>60% from Southern and Eastern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Over 50% from 3 countries – South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya </li></ul>
    21. 27. Community members… organizations represented <ul><li>Over 50% from higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Over 20% from international organizations and NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Africa mirrors overall community breakdown </li></ul>
    22. 28. Community members… positions held <ul><li>Almost 40% hold high-level positions </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 20% are teaching professionals </li></ul><ul><li>In Africa teachers largest group, then decision-makers </li></ul>
    23. 29. What are the issues? <ul><li>Advancing the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising </li></ul><ul><li>Communities and networking </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling creation and re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Technology tools </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity development </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling learning with OER </li></ul><ul><li>Learning support services </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Removing barriers to OER </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul>
    24. 30. What are the priorities?
    25. 31. What are the priorities for Africa?
    26. 32. Which stakeholders should take action? <ul><li>Higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>International organizations </li></ul><ul><li>National government </li></ul><ul><li>Academics </li></ul><ul><li>A key stakeholder role… </li></ul><ul><li>…be an OER champion! </li></ul>
    27. 33. The Way Forward: 6 priorities <ul><li>Advancing the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Community building and network development </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling creation and re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Developing capacity through a DIY/DIT resource </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance – develop guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Removing barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability models to ensure viability of initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and licensing </li></ul>
    28. 34. What is the way forward for UNESCO? <ul><li>Create network of nodes for local awareness raising and development </li></ul><ul><li>Continue community as international forum for discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on awareness raising through international reach of UNESCO and the community itself </li></ul>
    29. 35. Join the community <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Consult the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>http://oerwiki.iiep-unesco.org </li></ul>