Oer Susan Dantoni June08


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Susan D'Antoni-A Way Forward

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Oer Susan Dantoni June08

  1. 1. First International Conference of the CNIE 27-30 April 2008 Banff, Canada Open Educational Resources The Way Forward Susan D’Antoni UNESCO
  2. 2. Structure of the session <ul><li>OER: an overview and some examples </li></ul><ul><li>A donor vision: the Hewlett change strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an international community: the UNESCO IIEP initiative </li></ul><ul><li>The community speaks: the Way Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: next steps </li></ul>
  3. 3. OER: a definition <ul><li>Web-based materials offered freely and openly for use and reuse in teaching, learning and research </li></ul><ul><li>(UNESCO, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Only open if they are released under an open licence </li></ul><ul><li>Includes any tool, material or technique used to support access to knowledge </li></ul>
  4. 4. OER: milestones in the movement <ul><li>1998: “open content” and the Open Publication License </li></ul><ul><li>2001: founding of Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>2001: MIT announces OpenCourseWare </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Cape Town Declaration <ul><li>“… a statement of principle, a statement of strategy and a statement of commitment … meant to spark dialogue, to inspire action and to help the open education movement grow.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Cape Town Open Education Declaration, 2008) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>What approaches have providers taken to making content freely and openly available? </li></ul>
  7. 8. MIT OpenCourseWare <ul><li>Institutional, faculty response to challenge of online education </li></ul><ul><li>2002: launched 50-course pilot </li></ul><ul><li>2008: almost all course materials available for over 2,000 subjects </li></ul><ul><li>An adventure! (Charles Vest) </li></ul>
  8. 10. OpenCourseWare Consortium <ul><li>Established in 2005 to assist the OCW movement </li></ul><ul><li>Supports collaboration among over 180 member institutions worldwide </li></ul>
  9. 12. Rice University Connexions <ul><li>Individual response to limitations of traditional textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>The vision: “textbooks adapted to many learning styles and translated into myriad languages… textbooks that are continually updated and corrected by a legion of contributors” (Rich Baraniuk) </li></ul><ul><li>The result: an environment for developing, sharing and publishing academic content on the web </li></ul>
  10. 14. Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative <ul><li>Aim: to develop stand-alone, cognitively informed open courses </li></ul><ul><li>Course design stresses interactivity, problem solving and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>A research project: aim to better understand effective practices in online learning environments </li></ul>
  11. 16. Open University OpenLearn <ul><li>Course-publishing model (like MIT) </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>Materials designed for distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>Site designed to support collaboration and group work </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges OU’s current business model </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>How have Canadian institutions responded to the challenge of OER? </li></ul>
  13. 19. Capilano College OpenCourseWare <ul><li>Only Canadian member of the OCW Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>17 courses available in 10 subject areas </li></ul>
  14. 21. BCcampus <ul><li>A province wide initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Funded using public money ($6.25 million by mid-2007) </li></ul><ul><li>An online service provider </li></ul><ul><li>Sharable Online Learning Resources repository </li></ul><ul><li>Developers can choose to share materials at local provincial level using custom BC Commons license </li></ul>
  15. 22. A donor vision: the Hewlett change strategy <ul><li>Aim: to equalize access to knowledge through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsoring high quality content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding and stimulating use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing barriers </li></ul></ul>
  16. 23. UNESCO: removing barriers through awareness raising <ul><li>Potential of OER to contribute to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education for All </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building knowledge societies – especially “knowledge-sharing societies” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>No awareness of availability = resources not utilized and potential of OER not realized </li></ul>
  17. 24. Aims of the IIEP OER initiative <ul><li>International dialogue and information exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Linking people who might not otherwise meet </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an international OER community </li></ul>
  18. 25. Steps in the creation of a community <ul><li>Forum 1: an introduction to OER </li></ul><ul><li>Short discussions on key topics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OER research agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A “Do-It-Yourself/Do-It-Together” resource for developing capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOSS for OER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forum 2: OECD study on OER </li></ul>
  19. 26. Sharing the outputs <ul><li>Forum 1 background documents and report </li></ul><ul><li>OER research questions </li></ul><ul><li>DIY/DIT resource outline </li></ul><ul><li>FOSS for OER and lessons from the FOSS movement </li></ul><ul><li>Forum 2 background documents and report </li></ul><ul><li>The Way Forward: priority issues for advancing the OER movement </li></ul><ul><li>Resources made available on website and wiki </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>After two years of intense reflection </li></ul><ul><li>and discussion… </li></ul><ul><li>… what did the community have to say about the priorities for advancing </li></ul><ul><li>the OER movement? </li></ul>
  21. 28. What are the characteristics of the community? <ul><li>600+ members </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 40 from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>98 countries </li></ul><ul><li>67 developing countries </li></ul>
  22. 29. Community members… organizations represented <ul><li>Over 50% from higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Over 20% from international organizations and NGOs </li></ul>
  23. 30. Community members… positions held <ul><li>Almost 40% hold high-level positions </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 20% are teaching professionals </li></ul>
  24. 31. What are the issues? <ul><li>Advancing the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising </li></ul><ul><li>Communities and networking </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling creation and re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Technology tools </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity development </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling learning with OER </li></ul><ul><li>Learning support services </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Removing barriers to OER </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul>
  25. 32. What are the priorities?
  26. 33. Which stakeholders should take action? <ul><li>Higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>International organizations </li></ul><ul><li>National government </li></ul><ul><li>Academics </li></ul><ul><li>A key stakeholder role… </li></ul><ul><li>… OER champion! </li></ul>
  27. 34. The Way Forward: 6 priorities <ul><li>Advancing the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Community building and network development </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling creation and re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Developing capacity through a DIY/DIT resource </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance – develop guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Removing barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability models to ensure viability of initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and licensing </li></ul>
  28. 35. What is the way forward for UNESCO? <ul><li>Create an OER Network of nodes for local awareness raising and development </li></ul><ul><li>Continue supporting OER Community as international forum for discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on awareness raising through international reach of UNESCO and the community itself </li></ul>
  29. 36. How has the community responded? With passion! <ul><li>Creation of resources to support awareness raising and community building: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OER stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introductory brochure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Translation of the Way Forward into 11 languages </li></ul>
  30. 37. Join the community <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Consult the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>http://oerwiki.iiep-unesco.org </li></ul>