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My Lai Massacredannydillon

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  • 1. What was the My Lai Massacre? By: Danny Dillon
  • 2. Overview
    • My Lai is a small South Vietnamese community
    • Massacre occurred March 16, 1968
    • In all, there were about 500 casualties
    • 26 US soldiers later tried for war crimes
  • 3. What Happened?
    • US Troops were in search of enemy b/c there had been many US casualties in and around My Lai
    • Soldiers rounded up hundreds of civilians
    • Many raped, beaten, tortured before shot to death or injured
  • 4. Casualties
    • Over 500 Vietnamese casualties
    • Many were women, children and even animals
    • Many were “suspected” as enemy fighters by US soldiers
    • Killed by firearms, grenades, bayonets
  • 5. Cover-up and Investigation
    • Successfully covered up for nearly 18 months
    • Although massacre occurred March 16, 1968, reports didn’t surface until late 1969
    • First reports claimed that there had been 128 Vietcong casualties and 22 civilian casualties in a “fierce fire fight”
    • American public learned of massacre 2 months after US soldiers were tried in September 1969
  • 6. US Troops
    • While on trial, many claimed that they were ordered to kill civilians
    • 26 charged with war crimes but only one convicted of murder (Calley, Jr.)
    • Lieutenant Robert Calley, Jr. charged with several counts of premeditated murder
    • Supposedly killed over 100 Vietnamese by himself
    • Calley, Jr. sentenced to life in prison before his sentence was repeatedly reduced
    • Only served four and a half months in prison
  • 7. Outcomes
    • Over 500 Vietnamese Casualties
    • 26 US soldier convicted of war crimes, one sentenced to prison
    • Massacre prompted widespread outrage around the world
    • Reduced US support of Vietnam War
  • 8. Bibliographic Reference
    • Gilbert, Marc Jason. "My Lai Massacre." 2008. Glenbrook South High School, Glenview, IL.  24 Oct. 2008 http://www.worldbookonline.com
    • Joseph, William A. &quot;The My Lai Massacre&quot; Vietnam War Atrocities 11 Nov. 2003. Wellesley College. 26 Oct 2008 <http://www.wellesley.edu>.
    • “ 'Blood and fire' of My Lai” CNN World News Online 16 Mar. 1998. Gale Group Database. Glenbrook South High School, Glenview, IL. 27 Oct. 2009. <http://www.cnn.com>

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