“Everyone without exception is horror-struck by the tragedy of the last few hours. Unfortunately, no one is able yet to say with certainty what the facts of the situation are.” -Dr. White, Kent State University President
What were the key components that lead to the shootings at Kent State on May 4, 1970?
The United States enters Cambodia
On April 30, 1970 President Nixon declared that the United States was to execute an imminent attack against "major enemy sanctuaries on the Cambodian-Vietnam border.”
Young People Revolt
Immediately after this was announced, young people across the country came together and outwardly protested the war
Students at Kent State Protest the entrance in to Cambodia
The protesting started on Saturday May 2, 1970
Early in the night the Army Reserve Officers Training corps building was burnt down by the students
Kent State Cont.
At this point the National Guard were called in
Martial Law was declared (law imposed by the military
On Monday May 4, the students were ordered into their dorms
The National Guard had to force them into the dorms
As the thousands of students walked away the guard chased after them and threw tear gas grenades
The students then became outraged and started saying things like, “Pigs off campus”
Students also threw the tear gas back along with rocks
It was at this point that the National Guard opened fire on the students
4 Students were killed and 9 were injured
Survivors of this incident have claimed that the guard were ordered to shoot, while the guard claim they were shooting in self-defense from reported sniper shots from a student
"Vietnam Protestors." www.vietnamwar.com/politicalprotests.htm . 29 Oct 2008 <www.vietnamwar.com/politicalprotests.htm>. "protest and opposition." casahistoria.net . 28 sep 2008. casa historia. 29 Oct 2008 <www.casahistoria.net/vietnamwar2.htm>. Kifner , John. "4 Kent State students killed by troops." (1970): 1,17. Works Cited Hanson, David. ""Four Dead in O-hio-O": The Kent State Massacre." Virginia Western Community College . 2000. Virginia Western Community College . 29 Oct 2008 <www.vw.vccs.edu/vwhansd/HIS122/KentState.html>.