Uncommon Uses for Common Plants from Ozark Herbs
 
People’s Medicine <ul><li>90% of world’s health care providers are women in their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Vitalism vs. All...
Wildcrafting <ul><li>Avoid areas sprayed with chemicals, no closer that 50ft from roads,100 ft from nature trails in natio...
Becoming educated <ul><li>“ Natural” isn’t necessarily “safe” </li></ul><ul><li>Learn contraindications </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
 
Stellaria media  Chickweed <ul><li>Extreme itchiness of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Detoxification </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate ...
Chickweed salve for chronic itching and severe rash <ul><li>One to a half cup of the coarsely cut fresh chickweed herb. Ad...
 
Capsella bursa-pastoris ;  Shepherd’s Purse <ul><li>Here's one for your natural emergency kit: Include some shepherd's pur...
Shepherd’s Purse Tea <ul><li>Bring a pint of water to a boil. Add two tablespoons dried shepherd's purse. Cover, remove fr...
 
Wild Rose –  Rosa spp. <ul><li>Antidepressant properties, uplifting, emotional modulator </li></ul><ul><li>The tincture fo...
Rose Vinegar <ul><li>Fill quart jar ½ way with dried petals and leaves…or all the way with fresh material </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster <ul><li>Leaves/flowers burned in sweat lodge to treat unconsciousness, mental illnes...
 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common Ragweed <ul><li>Used internally for lessening acute secondary allergic responses to pollen....
 
Rudbeckia hirta Black Eyed Susan <ul><li>Roots used much like Echinacea purpurea. Research: has more potent immune system ...
 
Taraxacum officinale   Dandelion <ul><li>Tribal: boiling dandelion flowers in water till the water turns yellow, allowing ...
 
Viola spp. Violets <ul><li>Cherokee soaked corn in root tea to prevent insect damage during germination </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Oenothera biennis Evening Primrose <ul><li>Flower tincture,5-10 drops, for insomnia and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Hot flow...
 
Betula spp. Birch <ul><li>Infusion of leaf bud to dredge lymph system </li></ul><ul><li>Hair loss </li></ul><ul><li>Genera...
 
Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon <ul><li>Roasted seed used as coffee substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Oil can be extrac...
 
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple <ul><li>Infusion of leaves sprayed on potato plants to protect from insects </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Verbascum thapsus Mullein <ul><li>Rolled dry leaf makes a candle wick </li></ul><ul><li>Dry leaf under feet in shoes for w...
 
Pinus spp. Pine tree <ul><li>Pine pitch salve for drawing splinters & glass , wound dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Pine vinega...
Pine Vinegar <ul><li>Fill a wide mouthed jar with pine needles and pour room temperature pasteurized cider vinegar over it...
 
Smilax rotundifolia Greenbrier, Catbrier <ul><li>Wilted leaves poulticed on boils </li></ul><ul><li>Root tea to help expel...
 
Oxalis spp. Wood Sorrel <ul><li>Chewing leaf to quench thirst, for nausea, mouth sores, sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Fres...
 
Yucca spp. Yucca <ul><li>Leaf makes a soap </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf for fiber & a sewing needle </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers ed...
 
Plantago major Broad leafed  Plantain <ul><li>Healer of wounds, injuries and remedy for most poisons </li></ul><ul><li>Pou...
Revitalizing Green Juice <ul><li>3 cups (180 g) fresh plantain leaves  </li></ul><ul><li>1 cups (250 ml) pure liquid honey...
 
Plantago lanceolata Narrow-leafed Plantain <ul><li>Bronchodilator for asthma and bronchial spasms due to colds </li></ul><...
 
Narcissus pseudo-narcissus Daffodil <ul><li>Crushed bulb mixed with barley flour applied topically to dissolve hard swelli...
 
Juniperus virginiana Juniper (Cedar) <ul><li>Berry relieves incontinence, gives urine the smell of violets </li></ul><ul><...
 
Cucumis sativus Cucumber <ul><li>Get rid of grubs & slugs in garden, put slices in pie tin where needed </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Solanum tuberosum Potato <ul><li>Lower blood pressure; research shows they contain kukoamines </li></ul><ul><li>Skins cont...
 
Phytolacca americana Pokeweed <ul><li>Dried root powder as dusting for eczema, scabies, fungal infections </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Trifolium pratense Red Clover <ul><li>Freeze blossoms in ice cubes to add to lemonade or tea </li></ul><ul><li>Crush fresh...
 
Rumex crispus Yellow Dock  <ul><li>Gentle laxative, even for children (root) </li></ul><ul><li>Young leaf as potherb or in...
Dock Laxative Decoction <ul><li>Boil one qt of water, reduce the heat and add one cup of sliced fresh or dehydrated root o...
Dock Syrup <ul><li>Boil ½ lb root in 1 pt distilled (or rain) water  down to 1 cup. Sieve & throw material in compost. To ...
Part Two Insect Repellents
Catnip  Nepeta cataria <ul><li>At the world’s largest scientific society, the American Chemical Society,  Iowa State Unive...
Deet <ul><li>A neurotoxin that causes neurons to die in the brain including areas that control muscle movement, memory, co...
Essential Oils <ul><li>Citronella </li></ul><ul><li>Lemongrass oil </li></ul><ul><li>Peppermint oil: research in India, it...
Insect repelling tips <ul><li>Take thiamine (B1) </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a couple of raw onions a day during summer or lots ...
If you get bites <ul><li>Mosquitoes and chiggers, rub tea tree oil </li></ul><ul><li>For other bites, peppermint oil or wi...
Upcoming classes <ul><li>“ Herb a Month Club” series </li></ul><ul><li>Family herbalism series;   </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal...
Contact Info for classes <ul><li>D’Coda </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.ozarkherbs.wordpress.com  ...
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Uncommon uses for common plants

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edible and medicinal uses for common plants found in the Ozarks and elsewhere. Presented by Ozark herbalist, D'Coda

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Uncommon uses for common plants

  1. 1. Uncommon Uses for Common Plants from Ozark Herbs
  2. 3. People’s Medicine <ul><li>90% of world’s health care providers are women in their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Vitalism vs. Allopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Food vs. drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Infusion vs. capsules </li></ul>
  3. 4. Wildcrafting <ul><li>Avoid areas sprayed with chemicals, no closer that 50ft from roads,100 ft from nature trails in national parks </li></ul><ul><li>Leave the mother plants, know when and how to harvest, help propagate </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest only from abundant patches and only what you can immediately process </li></ul><ul><li>Gratitude and attitude make a difference </li></ul>
  4. 5. Becoming educated <ul><li>“ Natural” isn’t necessarily “safe” </li></ul><ul><li>Learn contraindications </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>Learn poisonous plants and parts of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Local is better </li></ul>
  5. 8. Stellaria media Chickweed <ul><li>Extreme itchiness of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Detoxification </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate fat cells </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritive food </li></ul><ul><li>Wound dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolve cysts and benign tumors </li></ul><ul><li>When we consume chickweed its saponins increase our ability to absorb nutrients, especially minerals. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Chickweed salve for chronic itching and severe rash <ul><li>One to a half cup of the coarsely cut fresh chickweed herb. Add two cups of pure grade virgin olive oil and six tbsp. of beeswax. The preparation can begin by warming in a pan on top of the stove which is on medium heat - the oil and add the beeswax gradually. Following the warming of the oil and the beeswax, mix all the ingredients in a heavy cast iron skillet or a small heavy roast pan. Place in an oven set to “warm” for about two hours to allow blending of the ingredients. Then strain using a fine wire strainer, this straining must be carried out even if the mixture is still hot, once the straining is completed the prepared remedy can be pour into air tight small clean jars and stored for use whenever needed. This topical cream is also used as an herbal ointment to draw out various insect stings or any splinters in the skin. The herbal remedy is also used as a topical treatment for burns and scalds of all sorts. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Capsella bursa-pastoris ; Shepherd’s Purse <ul><li>Here's one for your natural emergency kit: Include some shepherd's purse, because it's outstanding for stopping all forms of bleeding very quickly. If a persistent nosebleed fails to respond to other conventional treatments, then soak some cotton balls with a little bit of the tea, squeeze out the excess liquid, and insert them into the nostrils to quell further hemorrhaging. </li></ul><ul><li>For internal use, drink one-half cup of the tea every hour on the hour, as necessary, but do so on an empty stomach for greatest effects. Externally, the cold tea may be applied to any wound with saturated cloth compresses or by holding wet cotton balls firmly against the wound until the bleeding eventually ceases. Scratches, skin ulcers and bites are similarly treated. </li></ul><ul><li>This is also one of the very best teas for a woman to drink following hemorrhaging after childbirth. The tea should be taken cold and several cups at a time. Shepherd's purse is also marvelous for bloody urine and stool as well as bleeding from the lungs. </li></ul>
  8. 12. Shepherd’s Purse Tea <ul><li>Bring a pint of water to a boil. Add two tablespoons dried shepherd's purse. Cover, remove from heat, and steep for 45 minutes. Strain and refrigerate. Best used when cold. </li></ul>
  9. 14. Wild Rose – Rosa spp. <ul><li>Antidepressant properties, uplifting, emotional modulator </li></ul><ul><li>The tincture for mosquito bites, burns, sore throats </li></ul><ul><li>Liniment for nerve pain, muscle inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Infused vinegar for sunburn, salad dressing, headache, sore muscles </li></ul>
  10. 15. Rose Vinegar <ul><li>Fill quart jar ½ way with dried petals and leaves…or all the way with fresh material </li></ul><ul><li>Fill to the top with high quality apple cider vinegar. Cap (plastic under metal cap) and let sit for 2-6 weeks. Shake daily. Strain. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth soaked in 1 pt vinegar/7 pts water applied on forehead for heat related headaches, as a wash for insect bites, a wash for sunburn, wrap around sprained ankle </li></ul>
  11. 17. Aster novae-angliae New England Aster <ul><li>Leaves/flowers burned in sweat lodge to treat unconsciousness, mental illness, headaches, smudge, congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Dried blossoms were also snuffed for similar purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Strong decoction for poison ivy </li></ul><ul><li>Eating fresh blossoms as sedative </li></ul><ul><li>Flower tincture relaxes lungs (asthma) </li></ul>
  12. 19. Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common Ragweed <ul><li>Used internally for lessening acute secondary allergic responses to pollen. In 15 minutes can relieve burning itchy eyes and eustachion tubes, discharge from eyes and nose. </li></ul><ul><li>1-3 squirts tincture 3x day 2 weeks before allergy season starts </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal, rub leaves on insect bites, hives </li></ul>
  13. 21. Rudbeckia hirta Black Eyed Susan <ul><li>Roots used much like Echinacea purpurea. Research: has more potent immune system stimulators than Echinacea </li></ul><ul><li>Warm infusion of root used as astringent wash for sores and swellings </li></ul><ul><li>The Ojibwa used it as a poultice for snakebites </li></ul><ul><li>Juice from roots for earache </li></ul>
  14. 23. Taraxacum officinale Dandelion <ul><li>Tribal: boiling dandelion flowers in water till the water turns yellow, allowing it to cool overnight and drinking the same next morning for a period of 30 days or one month to help provide relief from heart conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Grind dandelion leaves into a fine paste and applying it to fractures and wrapping the area with cloth and fresh dandelion leaves to help fix the bones together </li></ul>
  15. 25. Viola spp. Violets <ul><li>Cherokee soaked corn in root tea to prevent insect damage during germination </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritive (leaf) gently altering function of nerves, lungs, immune system, reproductive system. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-cancer properties, esp. skin, reproductive, breast cancer. Pain relief. </li></ul><ul><li>Hangover </li></ul>
  16. 27. Oenothera biennis Evening Primrose <ul><li>Flower tincture,5-10 drops, for insomnia and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Hot flower infusion as compress for facial neuralgia </li></ul><ul><li>Ointment from flowers for sunburn & other skin disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Decoction of root for chronic bronchitis & as compress for rheumatic joints </li></ul>
  17. 29. Betula spp. Birch <ul><li>Infusion of leaf bud to dredge lymph system </li></ul><ul><li>Hair loss </li></ul><ul><li>General toxemia with arthritis, rheumatism, gout…detoxifier </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest spring leaf as salad green </li></ul>
  18. 31. Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon <ul><li>Roasted seed used as coffee substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Oil can be extracted from seed, tastes like peanut oil </li></ul><ul><li>Infusion from dried leaf, high in vitamin C </li></ul><ul><li>Decoction from unripe fruit for bloody stools </li></ul><ul><li>Decoction of inner bark as wash for warts and cancers & gargle for thrush & sore throat </li></ul>
  19. 33. Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple <ul><li>Infusion of leaves sprayed on potato plants to protect from insects </li></ul><ul><li>Ripe fruit is edible </li></ul><ul><li>The root ooze used to treat corn seed to keep crows and insects from eating it prior to germination </li></ul>
  20. 35. Verbascum thapsus Mullein <ul><li>Rolled dry leaf makes a candle wick </li></ul><ul><li>Dry leaf under feet in shoes for winter warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow flowers to color hair blonde </li></ul><ul><li>Infused oil of flowers for earache, hemorrhoids </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic asthma & chronic bronchitis </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf, anti-inflammatory, flower anti-viral </li></ul><ul><li>Root for back problems caused by or resulting in misalignment </li></ul>
  21. 37. Pinus spp. Pine tree <ul><li>Pine pitch salve for drawing splinters & glass , wound dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Pine vinegar, salad dressing, rich in flavonoids, vitamins (esp. C), minerals…strengthens immune system & lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Pine needle tea for C </li></ul><ul><li>Bark from saplings in place of a cast </li></ul>
  22. 38. Pine Vinegar <ul><li>Fill a wide mouthed jar with pine needles and pour room temperature pasteurized cider vinegar over it. Cap with a plastic or non-metal lid and leave for 6 weeks. Label with date of preparation. This preserves the vitamin C. Tastes like balsamic vinegar. </li></ul>
  23. 40. Smilax rotundifolia Greenbrier, Catbrier <ul><li>Wilted leaves poulticed on boils </li></ul><ul><li>Root tea to help expel afterbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf and stem infusion for rheumatism and stomach troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Root tea is anti-inflammatory, estrogenic, cholesterol-lowering and anti-stress </li></ul><ul><li>Edible tips </li></ul><ul><li>Root makes a gel, like jello </li></ul>
  24. 42. Oxalis spp. Wood Sorrel <ul><li>Chewing leaf to quench thirst, for nausea, mouth sores, sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh leaf poulticed on cancers, old sores, ulcers </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf tea for fever, scurvy, urinary infection </li></ul><ul><li>Small amounts in salads </li></ul><ul><li>(large amounts may cause oxalate poisoning) </li></ul>
  25. 44. Yucca spp. Yucca <ul><li>Leaf makes a soap </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf for fiber & a sewing needle </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers edible </li></ul><ul><li>Poulticed root on inflammations </li></ul><ul><li>Root brewed as hair wash for dandruff and baldness </li></ul><ul><li>Stalk makes the best fire drill </li></ul>
  26. 46. Plantago major Broad leafed Plantain <ul><li>Healer of wounds, injuries and remedy for most poisons </li></ul><ul><li>Pounded with salt for snake bite poultice </li></ul><ul><li>Calms muscle contractions in conditions like asthma, colic, stomach ache </li></ul><ul><li>Hayfever </li></ul><ul><li>Seed infusion at night for constipation </li></ul>
  27. 47. Revitalizing Green Juice <ul><li>3 cups (180 g) fresh plantain leaves </li></ul><ul><li>1 cups (250 ml) pure liquid honey </li></ul><ul><li>1 opaque glass bottle </li></ul><ul><li>Crush the leaves in a food processor, drain and squeeze in cheesecloth. Combine 1 cup (250 ml) of the green juice with the honey and simmer for 10 minutes at low heat, stirring regularly. Let cool and pour into the opaque bottle. Take this nectar 1 spoonful at a time like a syrup to treat a cough; also use it to treat a sore throat, anemia, fatigue and eczema: 1 T (15 ml), 3 times daily. </li></ul>
  28. 49. Plantago lanceolata Narrow-leafed Plantain <ul><li>Bronchodilator for asthma and bronchial spasms due to colds </li></ul><ul><li>Inflamed mucous membranes of mouth and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Mucilage from any plantain seed may lower cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves applied to blisters </li></ul>
  29. 51. Narcissus pseudo-narcissus Daffodil <ul><li>Crushed bulb mixed with barley flour applied topically to dissolve hard swellings and draw splinters </li></ul><ul><li>Bulbs boiled in oil, applied topically for discoloration of skin, chafed heels, burns, stiff or painful joints </li></ul>
  30. 53. Juniperus virginiana Juniper (Cedar) <ul><li>Berry relieves incontinence, gives urine the smell of violets </li></ul><ul><li>Berries held in mouth as protective barrier against infection </li></ul><ul><li>Strong decoction of needle, twig, and or berry used for disinfecting wash – used to sanitize surfaces for brewing </li></ul><ul><li>Berry used as spice, esp. sauerkraut </li></ul>
  31. 55. Cucumis sativus Cucumber <ul><li>Get rid of grubs & slugs in garden, put slices in pie tin where needed </li></ul><ul><li>Rub a cucumber slice along a mirror to get rid of fog & give spa scent </li></ul><ul><li>Rub slices on skin a few minutes to temporarily get rid of cellulite & wrinkles </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid hangover, eat cucumber before going to bed </li></ul><ul><li>Eat for afternoon “pick me up” </li></ul><ul><li>Contains most of the necessary daily vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds yield an oil similar to olive oil </li></ul>
  32. 57. Solanum tuberosum Potato <ul><li>Lower blood pressure; research shows they contain kukoamines </li></ul><ul><li>Skins contain 60 phytochemicals that protect from cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>Compress for eczema or swelling under eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Inca used raw potato on broken bones to promote healing </li></ul><ul><li>Raw potato poulticed on gum abscess </li></ul>
  33. 59. Phytolacca americana Pokeweed <ul><li>Dried root powder as dusting for eczema, scabies, fungal infections </li></ul><ul><li>Root poulticed for joint inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>Berry used for making ink </li></ul><ul><li>Properly made root tincture for severe lymph congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest growth for edible greens (until it starts to show red color) </li></ul>
  34. 61. Trifolium pratense Red Clover <ul><li>Freeze blossoms in ice cubes to add to lemonade or tea </li></ul><ul><li>Crush fresh flowers for poultice on insect bites, relieves pain and speeds healing </li></ul><ul><li>Flower tincture for psoriasis and eczema </li></ul><ul><li>Compress of infusion for gout </li></ul><ul><li>Syrup for persistent dry coughs </li></ul>
  35. 63. Rumex crispus Yellow Dock <ul><li>Gentle laxative, even for children (root) </li></ul><ul><li>Young leaf as potherb or in salads </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds for flour or sprouting </li></ul><ul><li>Safe iron supplement </li></ul><ul><li>Root decoction as wash for itching </li></ul><ul><li>Root syrup for emphysema, asthma, bronchitis </li></ul>
  36. 64. Dock Laxative Decoction <ul><li>Boil one qt of water, reduce the heat and add one cup of sliced fresh or dehydrated root of the herb. Cover the container and simmer for around 12 minutes. Next, remove the cover and allow the chopped roots to steep in the liquid for another one to one-and-a-half hours. Sieve the liquid, sweeten it with honey and drink as many as four cups of it daily,  </li></ul>
  37. 65. Dock Syrup <ul><li>Boil ½ lb root in 1 pt distilled (or rain) water down to 1 cup. Sieve & throw material in compost. To liquid add ½ cup dark honey, ½ cup molasses, 1 tsp maple syrup. Blend. Also good for tickling or scratching in throat and lungs. </li></ul>
  38. 66. Part Two Insect Repellents
  39. 67. Catnip Nepeta cataria <ul><li>At the world’s largest scientific society, the American Chemical Society, Iowa State University presented findings that the essential oil of catnip is 10x stronger than Deet in repelling all kinds of mosquitoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Essential oil effective at 5% dilution. (20 drops to 20 ml. carrier oil) </li></ul><ul><li>Or use strong smelling quality catnip for your own products, try a hydrosol </li></ul>
  40. 68. Deet <ul><li>A neurotoxin that causes neurons to die in the brain including areas that control muscle movement, memory, concentration and learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy exposure: fatigue, memory loss, eye irritation, headache, weakness, tremors, shortness of breath. Can show up months or years after use. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunscreen & medications react with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Carcinogenic </li></ul><ul><li>Hinders immune function </li></ul>
  41. 69. Essential Oils <ul><li>Citronella </li></ul><ul><li>Lemongrass oil </li></ul><ul><li>Peppermint oil: research in India, it repels adult mosquitoes and kills larvae </li></ul><ul><li>Vanillin </li></ul><ul><li>Lavender </li></ul><ul><li>Patchouli </li></ul><ul><li>Eucalyptus </li></ul><ul><li>Sandalwood </li></ul>
  42. 70. Insect repelling tips <ul><li>Take thiamine (B1) </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a couple of raw onions a day during summer or lots of garlic. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress in subdued colors, khaki or white are best. Don’t wear perfumes. </li></ul><ul><li>Vapor rub; you can make your own using eucalyptus oil </li></ul><ul><li>Calendula cream </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid rapid, jerky movements around insect hives or nests. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubbing for chiggers </li></ul>
  43. 71. If you get bites <ul><li>Mosquitoes and chiggers, rub tea tree oil </li></ul><ul><li>For other bites, peppermint oil or witch hazel extract </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon juice, relieves itching by working against bug saliva </li></ul><ul><li>Baking soda and cider vinegar work similarly (use separately) </li></ul><ul><li>Plantain -chew well and put on bite </li></ul><ul><li>Poultice of clay, or finely ground grain like rice or oatmeal, mallow root, grated potato, arrowroot powder </li></ul>
  44. 72. Upcoming classes <ul><li>“ Herb a Month Club” series </li></ul><ul><li>Family herbalism series; </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal Preparation; making your own medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Botany 101 </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal Home First Aide </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Skin Care </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs for the Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs for Digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs for Women’s Health </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs for Men’s Health </li></ul><ul><li>Important Herbs for Health & Healing </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Issues concerning the use of herbs </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive plant ID walks & forest inventory </li></ul>
  45. 73. Contact Info for classes <ul><li>D’Coda </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.ozarkherbs.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>877-466-2011 before 6pm </li></ul>

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