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Q203 - Adolescence 2
 

Q203 - Adolescence 2

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    Q203 - Adolescence 2 Q203 - Adolescence 2 Presentation Transcript

    • IT’S A TEST!!! The Twenty Statements Test 
    • Task:
      • Write down twenty statements about yourself starting each statement with “I am…”
    • Adolescence Social Development (need to belong, identity)
    • Social Development
      • Friendships become increasingly important.
      • Girls tend to have a somewhat larger network than boys
      • Networks tend to get smaller and more exclusive with age.
    • Need to belong
      • Motive for forming friendships during adolescence
      • Leads many pre-teens and teenagers to reject parental influence and identify with peers  adopting dress, speech style, overall style of their chosen peer group
    • Twenty Statements Test
      • The Twenty Statements Test (or TST) is an instrument used to measure self concept. 
      • Devised in 1954 by Manfred Kuhn & Thomas McPartland
      • Kuhn (1960) has stated that responses to the twenty statements test should be grouped into five categories: 1) Social groups and classifications 2) Ideological beliefs 3) Interests 4) Ambitions 5) Self-evaluations. 
    • Social Groups and Classification
      • Age, Gender, Physical specification, Educational level, Occupation, Sports, Arts, Language, Ethnicity/National origin, Race, Human, Religious membership, Name, Me, Kin relations, Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Romantic, Friends, Other relations, Migration status/Residency, Sexuality, and Other identities
    • Ideological Beliefs
      • Religious, Philosophical, Moral, Cultural and political, Beliefs about life, Beliefs about cosmos, Spiritual, and Other Beliefs
    • Interests
      • Sports, Arts, Hobbies and entertainment, Social activities, School-related, Family, Friends, Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Romantic, Animals, and Other interests
    • Ambitions
      • Academic, Occupation, Social, Friendship, Romantic, Financial, and Other ambitions
    • Self Evaluations
      • Academic, Artistic, Appearance, Physical abilities, Mental abilities, Unique qualities, Success-oriented abilities, Personality, Emotionality, Clinical psychological, Clinical physical, Social abilities/qualities, Relatedness to others, Habits, Self- aspirations, Fears, Past achievements, Resources, and Other self-evaluation
    • Identity Formation
      • Identity crisis – role confusion!
      • Adolescents adopt many different strategies to help resolve this crisis – try out many different roles, join may different social groups.
      • They consider many possible social selves (diff. kinds of persons they might potentially become)
      • From this, they gradually piece together a self-schema , which remains fairly constant and serves as a guide for adolescents
    • Bicultural Adolescents
      • Growing research suggests special problems in forming a clear identity for those with immigrant parents or two different ethnic/cultural groups.
      • Coping technique 1 – Alternation Model : achieve separate identities in both cultures, then alternate between these depending on social situation.
      • Coping technique 2 – Identity fusion : combine different cultural identities into one.
      • Third alternative – rejecting one to identify entirely with the other.
    • Marcia (1991)
      • Suggests adolescents can be categorised in four patterns:
      • Identity Achievement – adolescents who have gone through their identity crisis and made a commitment to one clear alternative
      • Identity Moratorium – still searching for an identity
      • Identity Foreclosure – chosen an identity suggested to them by parents or authority figures
      • Identity Diffusion – those who haven’t begun the process yet