Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Autistic spectrum disorders
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Autistic spectrum disorders

636

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
636
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • 2. What is it?Characterised by difficulties in social interaction, impairedcommunication, restricted and repetitive interests andbehaviours and sensory sensitivities.Spectrum – range and severity of the difficulties varyIncludes autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder andpervasive developmental disorder.1 in 160 Australians have ASD and is more prevalent in boysthan girls
  • 3. Social InteractionLimited use and understanding of non-verbalcommunication such as eye gaze, facial expression andgestureDifficulties forming and sustaining friendshipsLack of seeking to share enjoyment, interest and activitieswith other peopleDifficulties with social and emotional responsiveness
  • 4. CommunicationDelayed language developmentDifficulties initiating and sustaining conversationsStereotyped and repetitive use of language such asrepeating phrases from televisionLimited imaginative or make-believe play
  • 5. Restricted and repetitive interests, activities and behavioursUnusually intense or focused interestsStereotyped and repetitive body movements such as handflapping and spinningRepetitive use of objects such as repeatedly flicking a doll’seyes or lining up toysAdherence to non-functional routines such as insisting ontravelling the same route home each day
  • 6. Different types of ASDAutistic Disorder – impairments in social interaction andcommunication as well as restricted and repetitive interests,activities and behaviours evident prior to three years of ageAsperger’s disorder – No significant delay in early languageacquisition, cognitive abilities or self help skills. Often detectedlater than autistic disorderPervasive Developmental Disorder – a marked socialimpairment, but fails to meet full criteria for either autisticdisorder or Asperger’s.
  • 7. DiagnosisObservations and meetings with the individual and familyto gather information through standardised tests orquestionnaires.No single behaviour indicates ASD Early indicators No babbling or pointing by age 1 No single words by 16 mon No response to name Loss of language or social skills Poor eye contact Excessive lining up of toys or objects
  • 8. CausesNo single known cause, but recent research has identifiedstrong genetic links.Identical twin studies show that if one twin is affected,there is a 90 percent chance the other twin will be affected.
  • 9. TreatmentsEducational/behavioural interventions (e.g. AppliedBehavioural Analysis)Medications

×