For the underpinnings of our design solution, we turn to Ron Mace and universal design in architecture and product development. Ron Mace coined the term "universal design" to describe the concept of designing all products and the built environment to be aesthetic and usable to the greatest extent possible by everyone, regardless of their age, ability, or status in life. With universal design, it is assumed that individuals with varied needs will be accessing the building and alternative ways of entering and navigating are designed into the first drawing.
UDL Overview for Curriculum Directors
Universal Designfor LearningMay 15, 2013Rebecca KellyDelaware Co. IU
Universal: u ni ver sal⋅ ⋅ ⋅[yoo-nuh-vur-suh l]–adjective1.of, pertaining to, or characteristic of all or thewhole: universal experience. 2.applicableeverywhere or in all cases; general: a universalcure. 3.affecting, concerning, or involving all:universal military service. 4.used or understood byall: a universal language. 5.present everywhere:the universal calm of southern seas. 6.versed in orembracing many or all skills, branches of learning,etc.: Leonardo da Vinci was a universal genius.7.of or pertaining to the universe, all nature, or allexisting things: universal cause. 8.characterizingall or most members of a class; generic.
DesignRon Mace coined the term"universal design" to describethe concept of designing allproducts and the builtenvironment to be aestheticand usable to the greatestextent possible by everyone,regardless of their age, ability,or status in life. 1941-1998Ron Mace,founderand program director ofThe Center for Universal DesignSlide credit: www. cast.org
for Learning Building in flexibility, rather than retrofittingto adapt Removing barriers by anticipating theneeds of all students Not “one size fits all”
What is UDL?A UDL approach assumes that students withvarying needs will be involved in learning,and that the curriculum… the goals the instructional methods the instructional materials , and the assessments…need to address this diversity.
Educational reforms that haveset the stage for UDL Classroom demographic changes Greater understanding of braindevelopment and learning (multiplepathways for learning) Educational legislation: Emphasis onprogress for ALL children -NCLB /AYP - IDEA (FAPE in the LRE)Understanding that one size does not fit all
CAST, UDL, and brain networksRecognition networksGathering facts. How we identify andcategorize what we see, hear, and read.Identifying letters, words, or an authors style arerecognition tasks—the "what" of learning.Strategic networksPlanning and performing tasks. How weorganize and express our ideas. Writing anessay or solving a math problem are strategictasks—the "how" of learning.Affective networksHow students are engaged and motivated.How they are challenged, excited, orinterested. These are affective dimensions—the"why" of learning.
UDL principles help educators customize theirteaching for individual differences in each ofthese three brain networks. Multiple Means ofMultiple Means of RepresentationRepresentation Multiple Means ofMultiple Means of ExpressionExpression Multiple Means ofMultiple Means of EngagementEngagement
Using a curriculum that is rootedin 3 UDL principles…Teachers provide: Flexible ways ofpresenting lessoncontent Flexible options forstudentengagement Flexible methods ofexpression, andassessmentStudents have: Options for how theyreceive content Choices which willengage studentinterest Choices for how theydemonstrate theirlearning
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Relook at curriculum… Start with a manageable curriculum unit Be clear on the goals of the unit Be clear on what students need to do toshow mastery Determine what the instructional barriersare for a range of students Determine what tools would help this Identify more flexible methods, materialsand assessments
Reexamine instructional strategies Match your instructional activities to therange of learners in your classroom Challenge yourself to incorporate moreflexible methods, materials andassessments. Consider technology tools.
UDL History and TechnologyThe AmericanDisabilitiesActpromptedrethinkingaboutarchitecturaldesign fordisabledindividuals.The concept ofuniversal designhas also beenapplied to webpage designs,which enablesusers withsensoryimpairments toaccess theinternet.More recently,universal designhas been appliedto education, inpart becausethe technologyis moreavailable tomake itpossible.
“Universal design for learning does notremove academic challenges forstudents; it removes barriers toaccess. Simply stated, universaldesign is just good teaching.- Ohio State University PartnershipGrant, 2003