FIREFIGHTINGFOAMOilTechnics PPRROODDUUCCEEDDFFOOAAMM TTEESSTT KKIITTMANUAL
Contents• Produced Foam Test Kit• Introduction• Overview• How to use a Refractometer• How to measure the Refractive Index•...
ContentsProduced Foam Test KitThis kit is designed for the testing and calibration of produced firefighting foam induction...
IntroductionFire Fighting Foam induction systems require regular performancetesting and often as a result recalibration.In...
OverviewThis kit contains a refractometer (which is a sensitive instrument andshould be kept in a clean state at all times...
• Switch the Refractometer on by pressing the‘Read’ button.• Make sure the glass prism is clean (by wipingclean with a cle...
How To Measure The Refractive IndexMaking sure the prism glass is clean place a few drops of foam solutionon to the prism ...
How To Make Up Standard SolutionsRequired:• Foam concentrate sample• Induction water sample• Produced foam sample• 3 x 250...
How To Draw A Callibration CurveRequired:• Graph Paper – supplied with kit• RulerFor the 1% concentrate, we mentioned on t...
.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3...
Produced Foam International StandardsTwo International Standards are in use in the UK.• BS5306• NFPA11Within the UKCS, the...
Useful InformationOur website www.foamtesting.com contains useful information,including the following:.• Why foam testing ...
.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3...
.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3...
.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3...
Disclaimer• All the components and instruments are non-electrical (except forthe refractometer) thus allowing most of the ...
We would like to thank you for choosingOil Technics (Fire Fighting Products) Ltd.Oil Technics (Fire Fighting Products) Ltd...
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Produced Foam Test Kit Manual Methology Statement

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Oil Technics Ltd: we don`t just manufacture Fire Fighting Foam, we also Test and produce Certified Test Reports at our own Laboratories.

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Produced Foam Test Kit Manual Methology Statement

  1. 1. FIREFIGHTINGFOAMOilTechnics PPRROODDUUCCEEDDFFOOAAMM TTEESSTT KKIITTMANUAL
  2. 2. Contents• Produced Foam Test Kit• Introduction• Overview• How to use a Refractometer• How to measure the Refractive Index• How to make up standard solutions• How to draw a calibration curve• Examples of a calibration curve• Produced Foam International Standards• Useful information• Graph Paper• DisclaimerPage Number123465789101112
  3. 3. ContentsProduced Foam Test KitThis kit is designed for the testing and calibration of produced firefighting foam induction systems.The Produced Foam Test Kit contains the following components:• Measuring Cylinders – 3 x 100ml• Beaker – 1 x 250ml• 1ml Measuring Syringe• Produced Foam sample bottles – 3 x 250ml• Digital Refractometer• Worked examples plus graph paper• ManualPage 1.
  4. 4. IntroductionFire Fighting Foam induction systems require regular performancetesting and often as a result recalibration.In testing an induction system it is often necessary to send samples to afoam test laboratory which can take time to do.This kit has been designed to enable fire safety professionals to testfor themselves on-site the performance of their induction system.We have attempted to make this test manual as self explanatory aspossible. Should the user require any further information or advice,please call our foam testing laboratory on +44 (0) 1561 361515 or seeour website www.foamtesting.com.It is highly recommended that when a system has beencalibrated correctly, a produced foam sample be sent to areputable foam test laboratory for independent third partyevaluation.Page 2.
  5. 5. OverviewThis kit contains a refractometer (which is a sensitive instrument andshould be kept in a clean state at all times).The refractometer is used to measure the Refractive Index (RI) ofproduced foam solution.The Refractive Index value increases as the percentage of foamconcentrate within a produced foam sample increases.For example, the RI of 3% foam solution is a larger value (called a brix)than that of a 1% foam solution.Using samples of foam concentrate and induction water new solutionsat varying percentages are made (using the syringe and glass bottlesprovided).The RI of these new solutions is measured using the refractometer.For example, for a foam proportioning at 3% we ask you to make newsolutions at 1%, 3% and 5%.The RI values of these new solutions is plotted on graph paper toproduce a calibration curve.Once the calibration curve has been drawn (it should be a “best fit”straight line) the RI of the actual produced foam is measured andplotted on the graph.Once this has been completed the user can quickly determine thesolution strength of their produced foam.Page 3.
  6. 6. • Switch the Refractometer on by pressing the‘Read’ button.• Make sure the glass prism is clean (by wipingclean with a clean lint free cloth).• Place a few drops of de-ionised water onto theprism and cover the prism with its lid. Press the‘Read’ button to check that the Refractometerreads 0.00% brix.• Separately place a few drops of each solutiononto the prism cover, and then press the ‘Read’button and record the value.• Take care to clean the prism with a lint free drycloth after each reading.How To Use A RefractometerPage 4.
  7. 7. How To Measure The Refractive IndexMaking sure the prism glass is clean place a few drops of foam solutionon to the prism glass and read the Refractive index. Record the valuein the heading at the top of the supplied graph paper.Repeat with new solutions (see overleaf) making sure after eachreading that the prism glass is cleaned.Repeat this for the produced foam recording the RI reading in the boxmarked Finished Foam.Note 1We recommend that the RI tests are completed indoors at aconstant temperature.(A reputable foam test laboratory will ‘age’ your foamconcentrate, induction water and produced foam sample at200C before testing. This is done in order to achieverepeatability of values).For first time users of this kit and particularly those withoutlaboratory experience, we recommend making up two extrastandard solutions . For example, with a 1% foam concentratemake up an additional 3% and 5% solution; with a 3% foammake up an additional 0.5% and 4% solution and for 6%foam make up a 2% and 5% solution.This is particularly recommended when testing a 1% foamconcentrate because of the relatively small changes inRefractive Index between the samples.See overleaf for guidance on how to make standard solutions.Note 2Page 5.
  8. 8. How To Make Up Standard SolutionsRequired:• Foam concentrate sample• Induction water sample• Produced foam sample• 3 x 250ml sample bottles• 2ml measuring syringe• 3 x 100ml measuring cylindersStandard solutions are made up as follows:• 1% Foam System 0.5% - 1.0% - 1.5%• 3% Foam System 1.0% - 3.0% - 5.0%• 6% Foam System 3.0% - 6.0% - 7.0%Method for making a standard solutionIn this example we are working with a 1% Foam Induction System.Prepare in each 100ml measuring cylinder a 0.5% - 1.0% - 1.5%solution.0.5% Solution Pour exactly 100ml of induction water into themeasuring cylinder. Remove 0.5ml using the glasssyringe from the cylinder and replace it with 0.5mlof 1% concentrate.1% Solution Pour exactly 100ml of induction water into themeasuring cylinder. Remove 1ml using the glasssyringe from the cylinder and replace it with 1ml of1% concentrate.1.5% Solution Pour exactly 100ml of induction water into themeasuring cylinder. Remove 1.5ml using the glasssyringe from the cylinder and replace it with 1.5mlof 1% concentrate.Finally, place a few drops of the induction water onto the prism, readoff the Refractive Index and record on the graph paper using the boxmarked Induction Water.See next section How to measure the Refractive Index Page 6.
  9. 9. How To Draw A Callibration CurveRequired:• Graph Paper – supplied with kit• RulerFor the 1% concentrate, we mentioned on the previous page we“achieved” the following values:SampleSolutionsRecorded Refractive Index(Brix)InductionWater4.40.5% 4.61.0% 4.81.5% 5.03.0% 5.65.0% 6.4Produced Foam 4.9The LHS of the Graph Paper is the Refractive Index and the base axis isthe 1% value of the sample solutions.First plot the RI of the Induction Water this is your “axis of origin” orgraph start point and should be the 0% of your graph.Then record the above RI values relating to each sample solution.Draw a best fit straight line (called calibration curve) between the6 points (using the Induction Water RI reading as your “axis of origin”).Finally using the Produced Foam RI value draw a straight line from theRI value of the produced foam until it meets the calibration curve.At this point draw a vertical line to the base line of the calibrationcurve and read off the value of induction percentage of the producedfoam - in this case 1.25%.Page 7.
  10. 10. .9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .13.0%5.0% 6.4 Produced Foam 4.95.6Nominal 1% Sample Conc. Results % Brix4.81.5% 5.0Induction Water Sea Water 1.0%Sample Conc. Results % BrixPRODUCED FOAM CURVEConcentrate 1% AFFF-LF 0.50%Produced Foam4.6Induction Water 4.46% 8% 10%2% 5%4%3%7.0%6.0%Refractive Index % Brix2% 4%1%0%4.9%Select axes appropriate to the samples being tested. Fresh water samples will require a refractive index axis starting at Zero.7.0%6.0%5.0%4.0%0%Solution Concentration %v/v1.25%5.0%4.0%Page 8.
  11. 11. Produced Foam International StandardsTwo International Standards are in use in the UK.• BS5306• NFPA11Within the UKCS, the predominate standard is the BS5306.Within the USA and the Middle East, the predominate standard isthe NFPA11.The significant difference between these standards is that theNFPA Standard has no margin for Analytical ErrorProduced Foam NFPA11 BS53061% 1.0 – 1.3% 1.0 – 1.25%3% 3.0 – 3.9% 3.0 – 4.0%6% 6.0 – 7.0% 5.0 – 6.0%With respect to our worked example, the 1% produced foam showedan induction % of foam concentrate of 1.25%.Under both NFPA11 and BS5306, this result would be acceptable.Page 9.
  12. 12. Useful InformationOur website www.foamtesting.com contains useful information,including the following:.• Why foam testing is required• What sample sizes are required• How to read a Foam Test Report• How to take a concentrated foam sample• How to take a produced foam sample• Foam Concentrate Test Methods• How to test a Produced Foam Sample• NFPA11 Standard for Low, Medium and High Expansion Foam• BS53065 Part 6 – Foam Systems• Section 6.1 – Specification for Low Expansion Foam Systems• UKOOA Guidelines for the Management of Offshore Helidecks Section 12• Civil Aviation Authority CAP437 (Chapter 5)Page 10.
  13. 13. .9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1Results % BrixSelect axes appropriate to the samples being tested. Fresh water samples will require a refractive index axis starting at zero.3.0%Results % BrixSample Conc.3% 4%0% 1% 2%Produced FoamConcentrateInduction Water5.0%6.0%0.50%Produced Foam7.0%1.5% Induction WaterRefractive Index % BrixPRODUCED FOAM CALIBRATION CURVE6.0%Sample Conc.1.0%10%5%2% 4% 6% 8%7.0%6.0%5.0%4.0%0%Solution Concentration %v/v5.0%4.0%7.0%Page 11.
  14. 14. .9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1Results % BrixSelect axes appropriate to the samples being tested. Fresh water samples will require a refractive index axis starting at zero.3.0%Results % BrixSample Conc.3% 4%0% 1% 2%Produced FoamConcentrateInduction Water5.0%6.0%0.50%Produced Foam7.0%1.5% Induction WaterRefractive Index % BrixPRODUCED FOAM CALIBRATION CURVE6.0%Sample Conc.1.0%10%5%2% 4% 6% 8%7.0%6.0%5.0%4.0%0%Solution Concentration %v/v5.0%4.0%7.0%
  15. 15. .9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1.9 .9.8 .8.7 .7.6 .6.5 .5.4 .4.3 .3.2 .2.1 .1Results % BrixSelect axes appropriate to the samples being tested. Fresh water samples will require a refractive index axis starting at zero.3.0%Results % BrixSample Conc.3% 4%0% 1% 2%Produced FoamConcentrateInduction Water5.0%6.0%0.50%Produced Foam7.0%1.5% Induction WaterRefractive Index % BrixPRODUCED FOAM CALIBRATION CURVE6.0%Sample Conc.1.0%10%5%2% 4% 6% 8%7.0%6.0%5.0%4.0%0%Solution Concentration %v/v5.0%4.0%7.0%
  16. 16. Disclaimer• All the components and instruments are non-electrical (except forthe refractometer) thus allowing most of the kit to be safely used in‘Hazardous Areas’.• If refractometery must be carried out in a hazardous area, we cansupply a simple hand held prism or manual refractometer. Usuallythis is unnecessary, since samples may be collected and removed toa safe area for refractometer tests.• Oil Technics (Fire Fighting Foam) Ltd cannot be responsible for anyincorrect use of results when using its kits or for any loss, personalinjury or damage to property however caused resulting from the useof its Produced Foam Test Kit.Our purchase guarantee is very simple – When you purchase any ofour products we want you to be 100% satisfied.We will replace or refund any purchase which results in less than100% satisfactionProduct GuaranteePage 12.
  17. 17. We would like to thank you for choosingOil Technics (Fire Fighting Products) Ltd.Oil Technics (Fire Fighting Products) Ltd.Linton Business ParkGourdonAberdeenshireDD1O 0NHScotland, U.KTel: +44 (0) 1561 361515Fax: +44 (0) 1561 361001Email: info@foamtesting.comWeb: www.foamtesting.com Last updated: 15/06/12

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