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Lecture on causes of the American Revolution for grade 8 US History.

Lecture on causes of the American Revolution for grade 8 US History.

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  • 1. CH 5: Toward Independence
    When is it necessary for citizens to rebel against their government?
  • 2. What is happening in this picture? How might this be related to the topic of this chapter?
  • 3. Introduction
    Read pg. 87 and then answer the questions below.
    What news were Patriots waiting for?
    What are Loyalists?
    Why did Great Britain tax the colonies?
  • 4. Before 1763
  • 5. What brought the colonists?
    • Cheap land
    • 6. Religious Tolerance
    • 7. Economic Opportunity
    • 8. Self-government!
  • Colonial Assemblies
    Each colony elected its own assembly.
    Assemblies had the power to:
    Pass laws
    Create taxes
    Decide how to spend tax money
    Americans had more freedom to run their own affairs than ordinary people in any country in Europe!
  • 9. Ohio Valley Conflict
    1754: French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley (modern day Pittsburgh)
    1754: Washington and his men open fire on a French scouting party in the Ohio Valley.
    This event begins the French & Indian War.
    Virginia militia led by, 22 yr. old volunteer, George Washington
  • 10. French & Indian War
    • Struggle between France and Great Britain for territory and power.
    • 11. American Indians side with French.
    • 12. Lasted 7 years
    • 13. 1759: British troops capture Canada
    • 14. 1763: Britain & France sign peace treaty
    • 15. France cedes (gives) Canada to England.
  • Early British Actions in the Colonies
    One historian wrote:
    “he was very stupid, really stupid.”
    Known for being proud & stubborn.
    Determined to take charge of the colonies.
    King George III crowned in 1760
  • 16. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 17. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 18. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 19. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 20. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 21. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 22. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 23. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 24. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 25. Early British Actions in the Colonies
  • 26. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 27. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 28. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 29. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 30. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 31. Colonial Law Arguments
  • 32. Boston Massacre
    Who?
    What?
    Where?
    When?
    Why?
    • Noisy mob & soldiers
    • 33. Snowballs, rocks, panic, bloody mess
    • 34. Boston Customs House
    • 35. March 5, 1770
    • 36. Massacre or self defense?
    Did it change anything?
    The Boston Massacre did not cause new protests against the British government, and the repeal of the Townshend Acts led to a period of calm in the colonies.
  • 37. The Tea Act
    Where did tea come from?
    Attempt to rescue the British East India Company
    Gave B.E.I.C. a monopoly (complete control)
    Tea Act lowered the cost of tea.
    Even taxed tea was cheaper than smuggled tea.
  • 38. The Tea Act
    For
    It will lower the cost of tea in the colonies.
    It will keep the British East India Company from going bankrupt.
    Against
    Still another type of tax.
    Put other tea merchants out of work.
    It will create a monopoly of the tea trade.
    It will cause colonists to worry that the British government will try to control other trades.
  • 39. The Boston Tea Party
  • 40. The British Response
    “I tried to help the colonists. I gave them cheap tea!
    And what did they do?
    They threw it into the sea!
    This time they have gone too far.”
    The issue is no longer about taxes. Now it is about Great Britain’s control over the colonies.
    Lord North
    Prime Minister of England
    (1770-1782)
  • 41. The Intolerable Acts
  • 42. The Intolerable Acts
  • 43. The Intolerable Acts
  • 44. The Intolerable Acts
  • 45. The Intolerable Acts
  • 46. The Colonies Unite
    “We will abandon our city to flames before paying a penny for lost tea!”
    Other colonies rush to support the Bostonians.
    Virginia declares:
    “An attack made on one of our sister colonies is an attack made on all of British America.”
    Boston Patriots
    “Sons of Liberty”
  • 47. Colonists Take Action
    Merchants in other colonies
    closed their shops to oppose treatment of colonists in Massachusetts.
    Virginians called for a meeting of delegates from all the colonies to find a solution.
    Towns and cities begin organizing their militias to prepare for a fight.
    Patrick Henry urges colonists to start thinking of themselves as one people: AMERICANS
  • 48. Lexington and Concord
    THE SHOT HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD
  • 49. Paul Revere and others warn colonists of the British approach.
    British troops continue to Concord.
    British soldiers search for weapons and gunpowder in Concord.
    Colonists attack British soldiers on the retreat to Boston.
  • 50. And thus began:
    The American Revolution