Colonial Assemblies Each colony elected its own assembly. Assemblies had the power to: Pass laws Create taxes Decide how to spend tax money Americans had more freedom to run their own affairs than ordinary people in any country in Europe!
Ohio Valley Conflict 1754: French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley (modern day Pittsburgh) 1754: Washington and his men open fire on a French scouting party in the Ohio Valley. This event begins the French & Indian War. Virginia militia led by, 22 yr. old volunteer, George Washington
Early British Actions in the Colonies One historian wrote: “he was very stupid, really stupid.” Known for being proud & stubborn. Determined to take charge of the colonies. King George III crowned in 1760
Did it change anything? The Boston Massacre did not cause new protests against the British government, and the repeal of the Townshend Acts led to a period of calm in the colonies.
The Tea Act Where did tea come from? Attempt to rescue the British East India Company Gave B.E.I.C. a monopoly (complete control) Tea Act lowered the cost of tea. Even taxed tea was cheaper than smuggled tea.
The Tea Act For It will lower the cost of tea in the colonies. It will keep the British East India Company from going bankrupt. Against Still another type of tax. Put other tea merchants out of work. It will create a monopoly of the tea trade. It will cause colonists to worry that the British government will try to control other trades.
The British Response “I tried to help the colonists. I gave them cheap tea! And what did they do? They threw it into the sea! This time they have gone too far.” The issue is no longer about taxes. Now it is about Great Britain’s control over the colonies. Lord North Prime Minister of England (1770-1782)
The Colonies Unite “We will abandon our city to flames before paying a penny for lost tea!” Other colonies rush to support the Bostonians. Virginia declares: “An attack made on one of our sister colonies is an attack made on all of British America.” Boston Patriots “Sons of Liberty”
Colonists Take Action Merchants in other colonies closed their shops to oppose treatment of colonists in Massachusetts. Virginians called for a meeting of delegates from all the colonies to find a solution. Towns and cities begin organizing their militias to prepare for a fight. Patrick Henry urges colonists to start thinking of themselves as one people: AMERICANS
Lexington and Concord THE SHOT HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD
Paul Revere and others warn colonists of the British approach. British troops continue to Concord. British soldiers search for weapons and gunpowder in Concord. Colonists attack British soldiers on the retreat to Boston.