CHAPTER 4: The Rise of Sumerian City-States<br />
Mesopotamia:The land between the rivers<br />Tigris & Euphrates Rivers<br />Modern-day Iraq<br />1st cities appear In Sume...
City-States<br />Earliest cities date back to 3500 BCE<br />Each city was like a small, independent country<br />Each had ...
A Difficult Environment<br />Mesopotamians were farmers<br />Farms need water<br />4 Key Problems:<br />Food shortages in ...
Food Shortages<br />By 5000 BCE there is not enough land in the foothills to grow enough food for everyone<br />Climate:<b...
Uncontrolled Water Supply in the River Valley<br />Spring: rain and melted snow from the mountains flood the Tigris and Eu...
Euphrates river canal<br />
Building and Maintaininga Complex Irrigation System<br />Canals bring water from the river<br />Irrigation passed through ...
Attacks by Neighboring Communities<br />Cities fought over the right to use water.<br />The plains offer no natural barrie...
Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization?<br />
Sumerian Civilization<br />
Summary<br />The people of Mesopotamia solved problems in order to live successfully in their environment<br />Their solut...
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Rise of Sumerian City States

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Rise of Sumerian City States

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4: The Rise of Sumerian City-States<br />
  2. 2. Mesopotamia:The land between the rivers<br />Tigris & Euphrates Rivers<br />Modern-day Iraq<br />1st cities appear In Sumer<br />LINK: Interactive Timeline & Map<br />
  3. 3. City-States<br />Earliest cities date back to 3500 BCE<br />Each city was like a small, independent country<br />Each had its own ruler<br />Each had its own farmlands<br />
  4. 4. A Difficult Environment<br />Mesopotamians were farmers<br />Farms need water<br />4 Key Problems:<br />Food shortages in the hills<br />Uncontrolled water supply on the plains<br />Difficulties building and maintaining irrigation systems to serve several villages at once<br />Attacks by neighboring communities<br />Q: What might neighbors fight over?<br />
  5. 5. Food Shortages<br />By 5000 BCE there is not enough land in the foothills to grow enough food for everyone<br />Climate:<br />Foothills: mild weather, plentiful rain, timber for building<br />Plains: dry, little rain, no trees or stones for building, rivers that flood<br />The plains were called Sumer and the people who lived there were called Sumerians<br />Q: Why did people move to the plains?<br />
  6. 6. Uncontrolled Water Supply in the River Valley<br />Spring: rain and melted snow from the mountains flood the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers<br />Rest of the year: sunbaked soil, dry, hard as stone<br />Either too much water or not enough<br />Sumerians built levees & dams<br />
  7. 7. Euphrates river canal<br />
  8. 8. Building and Maintaininga Complex Irrigation System<br />Canals bring water from the river<br />Irrigation passed through many villages<br />Silt clogs canals<br />Working together helped communities grow<br />SILT<br />VERY FINE MUD<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Attacks by Neighboring Communities<br />Cities fought over the right to use water.<br />The plains offer no natural barriers for protection.<br />Sumerians build walls to protect their cities.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization?<br />
  13. 13. Sumerian Civilization<br />
  14. 14. Summary<br />The people of Mesopotamia solved problems in order to live successfully in their environment<br />Their solutions led to building large walled city states<br />Sumer had a complex social structure, government, religion, and culture<br />Sumer was one of the world’s first civilizations<br />
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