Rise of Sumerian City States


Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
  • Rise of Sumerian City StatesView more presentations from Dan Hess.<br /><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="http://static.slidesharecdn.com/swf/ssplayer2.swf?doc=ch4-5lecture-101011225848-phpapp02&stripped_title=rise-of-sumerian-city-states&userName=dchess" width="350" height="288"><param name="movie" value="http://static.slidesharecdn.com/swf/ssplayer2.swf?doc=ch4-5lecture-101011225848-phpapp02&stripped_title=rise-of-sumerian-city-states&userName=dchess"></param><embed src="http://static.slidesharecdn.com/swf/ssplayer2.swf?doc=ch4-5lecture-101011225848-phpapp02&stripped_title=rise-of-sumerian-city-states&userName=dchess" width="350" height="288" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object>
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rise of Sumerian City States

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4: The Rise of Sumerian City-States<br />
  2. 2. Mesopotamia:The land between the rivers<br />Tigris & Euphrates Rivers<br />Modern-day Iraq<br />1st cities appear In Sumer<br />LINK: Interactive Timeline & Map<br />
  3. 3. City-States<br />Earliest cities date back to 3500 BCE<br />Each city was like a small, independent country<br />Each had its own ruler<br />Each had its own farmlands<br />
  4. 4. A Difficult Environment<br />Mesopotamians were farmers<br />Farms need water<br />4 Key Problems:<br />Food shortages in the hills<br />Uncontrolled water supply on the plains<br />Difficulties building and maintaining irrigation systems to serve several villages at once<br />Attacks by neighboring communities<br />Q: What might neighbors fight over?<br />
  5. 5. Food Shortages<br />By 5000 BCE there is not enough land in the foothills to grow enough food for everyone<br />Climate:<br />Foothills: mild weather, plentiful rain, timber for building<br />Plains: dry, little rain, no trees or stones for building, rivers that flood<br />The plains were called Sumer and the people who lived there were called Sumerians<br />Q: Why did people move to the plains?<br />
  6. 6. Uncontrolled Water Supply in the River Valley<br />Spring: rain and melted snow from the mountains flood the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers<br />Rest of the year: sunbaked soil, dry, hard as stone<br />Either too much water or not enough<br />Sumerians built levees & dams<br />
  7. 7. Euphrates river canal<br />
  8. 8. Building and Maintaininga Complex Irrigation System<br />Canals bring water from the river<br />Irrigation passed through many villages<br />Silt clogs canals<br />Working together helped communities grow<br />SILT<br />VERY FINE MUD<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Attacks by Neighboring Communities<br />Cities fought over the right to use water.<br />The plains offer no natural barriers for protection.<br />Sumerians build walls to protect their cities.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization?<br />
  13. 13. Sumerian Civilization<br />
  14. 14. Summary<br />The people of Mesopotamia solved problems in order to live successfully in their environment<br />Their solutions led to building large walled city states<br />Sumer had a complex social structure, government, religion, and culture<br />Sumer was one of the world’s first civilizations<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.