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European exploration
 

European exploration

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    European exploration European exploration Presentation Transcript

    • European Exploration and Settlement
      CH 2:
      How did Europeans explore an establish settlements in the Americas?
    • Marco Polo
      1200s Marco Polo travels Asia
      “the man with a million stories”
      Wrote a book about China
      Ri₵he$ of China:
      Silk
      Rare spices
      Gold & jewels
      Luxurious palaces
      Inspired European Exploration
    • Getting to Asia
      Surely, there is a shorter way!
    • Columbus’s Discoveries
      Inspired by Marco Polo
      Believed shorter route to Asia
      was in the west
      Spain sponsored trip in 1492
      Found island in Caribbean
      Encounters Taino “Indians”
      Died thinking he found Indies
    • The Columbian Exchange
    • Slavery Comes to America
      Settlers forces Indians to work for them.
      European diseases kill them in great numbers.
      Africans are brought to replace them.
      Europeans traded guns and alcohol for slaves.
      Africans captured and sold slaves to Europeans.
    • Cortes Conquers Mexico
      Conquistadors: Spanish soldiers
      Mission: conquer an empire for Spain
      Hernán Cortés mistaken for Aztec god
      Guns, germs, and steel help conquer Aztecs
    • Pizarro Conquers Peru
      Francisco Pizarro conquers Incan Empire
      Smallpox kills thousands before Pizarro
      Incan ruler captured (Atahualpa) and ransomed for gold.
      Incans fill three rooms with gold and silver.
      Pizarro kills him anyway and takes over.
    • Settling the Borderlands
      Florida: Juan Ponce de Leon
      “Fountain of Youth”
      Dies from poison arrows
      Borderlands:
      Florida
      Texas
      New Mexico
      Arizona
      California
      Soldiers and missionaries settle in presidios
    • New France
      Jacques Cartier’s Northwest Passage
      France claims Canada
      Quebec: trading post
      French= explorers, soldiers, missionaries, traders, and fur trappers (coureurs de bois)
      Did not attract many settlers
      Indian business partners (Huron)
      Louisiana and Mississippi River
    • New England
      1497: England John Cabot sails to Newfoundland (island off the coast of Canada)
      Roanoke: colony disappears
      1607: Jamestown colony in Virginia
      Hunger and disease make life difficult
      Pocahontas saves Jamestown
      Starving Time: 60/500 survive the winter
      John Rolfe, Tobacco, & marriage
      CROATOAN
    • New Netherland
      Henry Hudson and that Northwest Passage
      Netherlands=Dutch
      Dutch West India Company start a colony
      Albany, New York
      Profit from fur trade like the French
      Peter Minuit buys Manhattan island for $24
      Iroquois Confederacy
      New Amsterdam: diverse (Europeans, Africans, Jews)
      English chase off the Dutch due to wet gunpowder
    • Manhattan Island
      Then
      Now
    • Homework:
      How did Marco Polo encourage European exploration?
      How did the Columbian Exchange affect American Indians? Europeans? Africans?
      What kind of relationship did the French have with American Indians?
      What was the goals of: Columbus? Conquistadors? Missionaries? French & Dutch?
      How was New Amsterdam different from other settlements?