European exploration

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European exploration

  1. 1. European Exploration and Settlement<br />CH 2:<br />How did Europeans explore an establish settlements in the Americas?<br />
  2. 2. Marco Polo<br />1200s Marco Polo travels Asia<br />“the man with a million stories”<br />Wrote a book about China<br />Ri₵he$ of China:<br />Silk<br />Rare spices<br />Gold & jewels<br />Luxurious palaces<br />Inspired European Exploration<br />
  3. 3. Getting to Asia<br />Surely, there is a shorter way!<br />
  4. 4. Columbus’s Discoveries<br />Inspired by Marco Polo<br />Believed shorter route to Asia <br />was in the west<br />Spain sponsored trip in 1492<br />Found island in Caribbean<br />Encounters Taino “Indians”<br />Died thinking he found Indies<br />
  5. 5. The Columbian Exchange<br />
  6. 6. Slavery Comes to America<br />Settlers forces Indians to work for them.<br />European diseases kill them in great numbers.<br />Africans are brought to replace them.<br />Europeans traded guns and alcohol for slaves.<br />Africans captured and sold slaves to Europeans.<br />
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  8. 8. Cortes Conquers Mexico<br />Conquistadors: Spanish soldiers<br />Mission: conquer an empire for Spain<br />Hernán Cortés mistaken for Aztec god<br />Guns, germs, and steel help conquer Aztecs<br />
  9. 9. Pizarro Conquers Peru<br />Francisco Pizarro conquers Incan Empire<br />Smallpox kills thousands before Pizarro<br />Incan ruler captured (Atahualpa) and ransomed for gold.<br />Incans fill three rooms with gold and silver.<br />Pizarro kills him anyway and takes over.<br />
  10. 10. Settling the Borderlands<br />Florida: Juan Ponce de Leon<br />“Fountain of Youth”<br />Dies from poison arrows<br />Borderlands:<br />Florida<br />Texas<br />New Mexico<br />Arizona<br />California<br />Soldiers and missionaries settle in presidios<br />
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  13. 13. New France<br />Jacques Cartier’s Northwest Passage<br />France claims Canada<br />Quebec: trading post<br />French= explorers, soldiers, missionaries, traders, and fur trappers (coureurs de bois)<br />Did not attract many settlers<br />Indian business partners (Huron)<br />Louisiana and Mississippi River<br />
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  16. 16. New England<br />1497: England John Cabot sails to Newfoundland (island off the coast of Canada)<br />Roanoke: colony disappears<br />1607: Jamestown colony in Virginia<br />Hunger and disease make life difficult<br />Pocahontas saves Jamestown<br />Starving Time: 60/500 survive the winter<br />John Rolfe, Tobacco, & marriage<br />CROATOAN<br />
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  19. 19. New Netherland<br />Henry Hudson and that Northwest Passage<br />Netherlands=Dutch<br />Dutch West India Company start a colony<br />Albany, New York<br />Profit from fur trade like the French<br />Peter Minuit buys Manhattan island for $24<br />Iroquois Confederacy<br />New Amsterdam: diverse (Europeans, Africans, Jews)<br />English chase off the Dutch due to wet gunpowder<br />
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  22. 22. Manhattan Island<br />Then<br />Now<br />
  23. 23. Homework:<br />How did Marco Polo encourage European exploration?<br />How did the Columbian Exchange affect American Indians? Europeans? Africans?<br />What kind of relationship did the French have with American Indians?<br />What was the goals of: Columbus? Conquistadors? Missionaries? French & Dutch? <br />How was New Amsterdam different from other settlements?<br />
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